Margate in Maps and Pictures

compiled by Anthony Lee

Dreamland and the Hall-by-the-Sea, Margate

Click on pictures for a larger image

CONTENTS:
History
The Hall-by-the-Sea
Dreamland Amusement Park
Dreamland Cinema


History

The history of Dreamland is described in Dreamland Remembered by Nick Evans. It starts with the London Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) building their station in Margate on Marine Terrace, next to the station of the South Eastern Railway. An argumenent between the two companies led to the LCDR being ordered to vacate their terminus and rebuild on a site further away from the town. The vacated terminus was rented by the LCDR in 1867 to Spiers and Ponds, a major catering contractor of the time. They ran The Hall-by-the-Sea as a dance and concert hall, but without any great success. So, in 1870, they sold it to the then Mayor of Margate, Alderman Thomas Dalby Reeve, a prominent local business man. Reeveā€™s son Arthur married Harriett Sanger, daughter of Lord George Sanger in 1873 and, in 1874, Sanger took over the Hall. With the Hall came a lot of land, including a number of potato fields, with the unused railway embankment running right through the centre. In May 1874, Sanger advertised that the Hall-by-the-Sea, Italian and Zoological Gardens at Margate would open for the season, from Whit Monday, May 25th. Much of this early history is described in the article The Reverend Wood visits the zoo that can be accessed here.

The original railway buildings lasted until 1898 when they were replaced by a purpose built structure designed by Richard Dalby Reeve. In 1919 the Hall-by-the-Sea was sold to John Henry Iles who gradually developed the site into an Americam-style amusement park, Dreamland.

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The Hall-by-the-Sea

Dreamland Map 1873 | Margate History

The OS map of 1873 shows the location of the Hall-by-the-Sea next to the South Eastern Railway Station

The unused railway embankment leading to the old railway station building and the Margate Brooks land to the right were used to built the Zoological Gardens of the Hall-by-the-Sea and later the Dreamland Amusement Park.

Dreamland Map 1873 | Margate History

The original Hall-by-the-Sea building was obviously rather a basic conversion from the original station building, as shown in these stereocards taken in July 1866.

Hall by the Sea | Margate History Hall by the Sea | Margate History Hall by the Sea | Margate History Hall by the Sea interior July 1866 | Margate History
Hall by the Sea 1860s | Margate History

This is also shown by this early view of Marine Terrace in the 1860s showing The Hall-by-the-Sea on the right.

A view inside the Hall by the Sea was published in The Penny Illustrated Paper for 1871

Hall by the Sea 1871 | Margate History
Hall by the Sea 1871 | Margate History

Another view, of Sanger's New Hall by the Sea, was published in 1898

A rare view of the Zoological Gardens is included in a Leporello album, The Album of Margate Views, published by Charles, Reynolds & Co. in the 1990s. The two towers on the building on the left can still be seen in the backgrounds of a number of photographs of the Dreamland Amusement Park in the 1930s.

Zoological Gardens | Margate History
Zoological Gardens | Margate History

In the Zoological Gardens it was possible to get up close to the animals, as shown in this Caabinet Card, probably from the 1880-1890 period

This two-sided, fold-out catalogue of the Hall-by-the-Sea, Italian and Zoological Gardens describes what was available under the reign of Lord George Sanger.

Zoological Gardens | Margate History
Zoological Gardens | Margate History

The second side describes the In-Door Menagerie, and the Aviaries on the Lawn and on the Esplanade

This programme describes the entertainments available in 1891.

Hall by the Sea programme | Margate History
Hall by the Sea programme | Margate History

By 1899 the Hall had become the Royal Grand Hall-by-the-Sea.

This 1900 programme again emphasises the wide range of entertainments on offer.

Hall by the Sea programme | Margate History

The frontage of the Hall-by-the-Sea was dominated by large paintings of the attractions.

Hall by the Sea | Margate History Hall by the Sea | Margate History

Hall-by-the-Sea 1876

Hall by the Sea 1912 [PC]

Postcards were published showing the Ballroom, the Gardens and the Zoo

HAll by the Sea Abbey ruins 1904 | Margate History Hall by the Sea Ballroom  | Margate History Hall by the Sea Ballroom  | Margate History Hall by the Sea Ballroom  | Margate History

Hall by the Sea Abbey ruins 1904

Hall by the Sea Ballroom [PC]

Hall by the Sea Ballroom [PC]

Hall by the Sea Gardens 1904 [PC]

Lion Tamer | Margate History Lion Tamer  | Margate History Wolf and sheep dog  | Margate History Hall by the Sea Grand Costume Carnival  Dec 1912 | Margate History

Hall by the Sea Lion tamer 1904

Hall by the Sea Lion Tamer with Bear [PC]

Wolf and sheep dog [PC]

Hall by the Sea Grand Costume Carnival Dec 1912 [PC]

The Hall-by-the-Sea was also advertised in a number of Guides of the time

Hall by the Sea Abbey ruins | Margate History Hall by the Sea Billiard Saloon  | Margate History Hall by the Sea gardens   | Margate History Hall by the Sea gardens  | Margate History

Hall by the Sea Abbey ruins [Guide 1903]

Hall by the Sea Billiard Saloon [Guide 1903]

Hall by the Sea gardens [Guide 1903]

Hall by the Sea gardens [Guide 1903]

A rare stereocard shows an animal display and the 'Royal Works' waxworks

 Royal Works  | Margate History

Hall by the Sea Abbey Royal Works [stereocard]

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Dreamland Amusement Park

Dreamland Map 1954 | Margate History

This OS map of 1954 shows how the Dreamland Amusement Park developed in the land of the former Margate Brooks.

This sketchmap shows the arrangement of Dreamland Park in 1921 [Twyman Collection]

Dreamland Site Map  1921 [Twyman collection] | Margate History

The location of the Park is also clear in a number of Aerial views of Margate

Hall by the Sea | Margate History Hall by the Sea | Margate History Dreamland | Margate History Dreamland | Margate History

Aerial View 1923

Aerial View ca 1920a

Ariel View 1957

Aerial View 1957

Marine Terrace and Dreamland 1931 [TDC collection] | Margate History Dreamland 1937 [TDC collection] | Margate History Dreamland From Air | Margate History

Marine Terrace and Dreamland 1931 [TDC collection]

Dreamland 1937 [TDC collection]

Dreamland from the air

For a long time the Zoological Gardens and grounds to the left of the Scenic Railway were little changed

Dreamland 1927  | Margate History Dreamland 1927 Flower garden | Margate History Dreamland Avenue of Statues | Margate History Dreamland Gardens | Margate History

Flower gardens 1927

Flower gardens and miniature railway 1927

Avenue of Statues

Dreamland Gardens

Dreamland Lawn and Abbey ruins | Margate History Dreamland 1927 Flower garden | Margate History Dreamland Sea lion Act | Margate History Dreamland Flower gardens ca 1930s | Margate History

Dreamland Lawn and Abbey ruins

Flower gardens ca 1937

Sea Lion Act Dreamland Zoo

Dreamland Flower gardens ca 1930s

Dreamland Gardens | Margate History Dreamland Gardens | Margate History Dreamland Zoo /lion Prince | Margate History

Dreamland Gardens

Dreamland Gardens

Dreamland Zoo /lion Prince

In 1951 the Magic Garden opened in the old ornamental gardens

Magic Gardens  | Margate History Magic Gardens | Margate History Magic Gardens | Margate History Magic Gardens | Margate History
Magic Gardens  | Margate History Dreamland Gardens at night | Margate History

Around the edge of the park ran a model railway, as shown on the map.

Miniature Railway  | Margate History Miniature Railway  | Margate History Miniature Railway | Margate History Miniture Railway | Margate History

Miniature Railway July 9 1926

Miniature Railway ca 1937

Dreamland Miniature Railway 1953

Miniature Railway July 1946

Dreamland Railway Station  | Margate History Dreamland Railway Station  | Margate History Dreamland Arcade Miniature railway station and buffet ca 1930s | Margate History Miniature Railway | Margate History

Dreamland Railway Station

Dreamland Railway Station

Dreamland Arcade Miniature railway station and buffet ca 1930s

Miniature Railway

Dreamland Miniature Railway ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway  | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway | Margate History

Dreamland Miniature Railway ca 1930s

Engine No 2 at Park Station

Engine at Station

Engines Nos 1 and 2 at Station

Dreamland Miniature Railway | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway  | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Railway | Margate History

Dreamland Miniature Railway ca 1930s

Engine No 1 at Station

Engine on transporter

Dreamland Miniature Railway

/Dreamland Miniature Railway 1961 | Margate History Dreamland Railway/Red Dragon | Margate History Dreamland Park Station No 2 Prince Edward | Margate History Dreamland Park Station engine no 2 | Margate History

Engine No 1 at Park Station 1961

Dreamland Railway/Red Dragon

Dreamland Park Station No 2 Prince Edward

Dreamland Park Station Engine No 2

Dreamland Railway/Park Station Engine No 2 | Margate History Dreamland Miniature Rly ca 1923 | Margate History

Dreamland Park Station Engine No 2

Dreamland Miniature Rly ca 1923

The home of the Margate Football Team was a field later to become the Coach Park

DReamland/Eaton Road Gate 9 April 1909  | Margate History Football ground 1914 | Margate History Hall by the sea football ground | Margate History Football grounds | Margate History

Eaton Road Gate 9 April 1909 - Football ground on right

Football Ground 14 Feb 1914 Zoo cages behind

Football Ground Zoo buildings in background

Football ground Brook Terrace and Hall by the Sea Terrace in background

Dreamland/Dreamland Football ground   | Margate History Football ground 1913 | Margate History football ground | Margate History Dreamland Football match 1920s | Margate History

Football Ground Belgrave Road in background

Football Ground 1913 Zoo buildings in background

Football Ground 1913 Belgrave Road in background

Dreamland Football match 1920s

Dreamland/Dreamland Football ground   | Margate History

Football Ground

The Amusement Park contained a wide range of rides and stalls.

Scenic Railway 1920a  | Margate History Scenic Railway 1960 | Margate History Scenic Railway 1929 | Margate History Scenic Railway ca 1930ss | Margate History

Tea Gardens and Scenic Railways 1920s

Scenic Railway 1960

Scenic Railway 1929

Scenic Railway ca 1930s

Scenic Railway | Margate History Dreamland Maintainance | Margate History Scenic Railway | Margate History Dreamland Scenic Rly 1920 | Margate History

Scenic Railway

Maintainance of Scenic Railway

Scenic Railway

Dreamland Scenic Rly 1920

Scenic Railway | Margate History

Scenic Railway

Scenic Railway | Margate History Dreamland TrainAir tethered aeroplanes ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland Motro Speed Boat Lake ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland 1951 | Margate History

Scenic Railway

Dreamland TrainAir tethered aeroplanes ca 1930s

Dreamland Motro Speed Boat Lake ca 1930s

Roundabout (late Pettrigroves) 1951

Park from Scenic Railway  Aug 1953  | Margate History Park 1955 | Margate History From top of Skye Wheel August 1953 | Margate History Park West side 1955 | Margate History

Park from top of Scenic Railway Aug 1953

Park 1955

Park from top of Skye Wheel August 1953

West side of Park 1955

West side of Park  | Margate History Hurricane Jets ride 20 May 1956 | Margate History Ride 1 | Margate History Caves | Margate History

West side of Park

Hurricane Jets ride 20 May 1956

Paratrooper ride

The Caves

Dreamland Park  | Margate History Prize Car at Dreamland | Margate History Kiddies Day 1 Oct 1934 1 | Margate History Kiddies Day 1 Oct 1934 1 | Margate History

Dreamland Park

Prize Car at Dreamland

Kiddies Day 1 Oct 1934 - Indian magician

Kiddies Day 1 Oct 1934 - Indian magician

Publicity material fro Girl in Bottle  | Margate History Publicity material fro Girl in Bottle | Margate History The Falls  | Margate History The Park 1927  | Margate History

Publicity material for Girl in Bottle

Publicity material for Girl in Bottle

The Falls

The Park 1927

The PArk 1927  | Margate History Ride 1922 | Margate History Powsey High Diver Dreamland  | Margate History Powsey High Diver Dreamland   | Margate History

The Park 1927

Ride 1922

Bert Powsey High Diver 1927

Bert Powsey High Diver

Dreamland Haunted Snail June 1950 | Margate History Dreamland July 1946 | Margate History Dreamland Midget Town programme 1930s | Margate History Dreamland watching the Fireworks ca 1930s | Margate History

Haunted Snail June 1950

Dreamland July 1946

Dreamland Midget Town programme 1930s

Dreamland watching the Fireworks ca 1930s

Building Work  | Margate History Paratrooper 1961  | Margate History Racing Cars Dreamland  | Margate History The Snail Dreamland  | Margate History

Construction of the replica of the Queen Mary in 1951

Paratrooper 1961

Racing Cars Dreamland

The Snail Dreamland

 Dreamland Park | Margate History Dreamland Park  | Margate History Jet Ride Dreamland | Margate History Dreamland Park | Margate History

Dreamland Park

Dreamland Park

Jet Ride Dreamland

Dreamland Park

Dreamland Park | Margate History Dreamland Park | Margate History Dreamland Park 1966 | Margate History Dreamland Park | Margate History

Dreamland Park

Dreamland Park

Dreamland Park 1966

Dreamland Park

Dreamland Upside Down House 1950s | Margate History Dreamland the sphinx 1960 | Margate History Dreamland Racers  | Margate History Dreamland Racing Cars [John Robinson]  | Margate History

Dreamland Upside Down House 1950s

Dreamland the sphinx 1960

Dreamland Racers

Dreamland Racing Cars [John Robinson]

Dreamland Skating [John Robinson]  | Margate History Dreamland  The Whip  | Margate History Dreamland Boating| Margate History Dreamland Cycle Drome July 1936| Margate History

Dreamland Skating [John Robinson]

Dreamland The Whip

Dreamland Boating

Dreamland Cycle Drome July 1936

Dreamland Cycle Drome July 1936| Margate History

Dreamland Cycle Drome July 1936

A set of postcards by J. Easton, Clifton Baths

Dreamland Scenic Railway| Margate History Dreamland  The Falls | Margate History Dreamland  Scenic Railway and Zoo | Margate History Dreamland  Scenic Railway | Margate History

Dreamland Scenic Railway

Dreamland The Falls

Dreamland Scenic Railway and Zoo

Dreamland Scenic Railway

Dreamland  Motor Racing Cars| Margate History Dreamland  Rides | Margate History Dreamland  Caterpillar | Margate History

Dreamland Motor Racing Cars and Caterpillar

Dreamland Rides

Dreamland Caterpillar

Kitchen for Garden Cafe | Margate History Garden Cafe | Margate History Garden Cafe window | Margate History Garden Cafe | Margate History

Kitchen for Garden Cafe

Garden Cafe

Garden Cafe window

Garden Cafe ca 1937

Staff at Dreamland 1927 | Margate History

Staff at Dreamland 1927 in front of Abbey Ruins

Damage to Scenic Railway due to fire 21 August 1949   | Margate History Fire damage 1930  | Margate History Fire damage 1930  | Margate History Fire damage 1930  | Margate History

Damage to Scenic Railway due to Fire 21 August 1949

Fire damage 1930

Fire damage 1930

Fire damage 1930

Fire damage 1930  | Margate History Dreamland Fire 1925| Margate History Dreamland Fire 1925| Margate History Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950| Margate History

Fire damage 1930

Dreamland Fire 1925

Dreamland Fire 1925

Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950

Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950| Margate History Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950| Margate History

Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950

Dreamland Fire Wallins Arcade 1950

A miniature coach ran from the car park

Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History
Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History Miniature coach at Dreamland | Margate History

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Dreamland Cinema

Various changes to the old Hall-by-the-Sea buildings took place after John Iles took over in 1919. The old ballroom was converted into a cinema in 1923 when the old roller skating ring was converted into a new ballroom

Dreamland Ballroom 1920 | Margate History Dreamland Variety Cinema  1931 | Margate History Dreamland 1927 Ballroom | Margate History Dreamland Ballroom stage | Margate History

Dreamland Ballroom little changed in 1920

Dreamland Variety Cinema 1931

The new Ballroom 1927

The Stage in the new Ballroom

Dreamland Great Ballroom ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland Super Variety Cinema advert 1929 | Margate History

Dreamland Great Ballroom ca 1930a

Dreamland Super Variety Cinema advert 1929

The exterior had been remodelled but although the name Dreamland was on the front of the building, the side still said Hall by the sea.

Dreamland 1920s | Margate History Dreamland | Margate History Dreamland Cinema | Margate History Dreamland Cinema | Margate History

Dreamland Hall

Dreamland 1920s

Group outside Dreamland Variety Cinema

Group outside Dreamland Grand Super Cinema

Competition from the other cinemas in Margate led to the decision to demolish the old building and construct an entirely new cinema: work started in 1933.

Dreamland cinema | Margate History Dreamland/Dreamland 1949 | Margate History Dreamland Cinema Compton Organ | Margate History Dreamland Cinema 1934 | Margate History

Dreamland cinema

Dreamland 1949

Dreamland Cinema Compton Organ

Dreamland Cinema 1934

Dreamland cafe | Margate History Dreamland cinema entrance 1934 | Margate History Dreamland 1934 entrance vestibule | Margate History Saloon Bar | Margate History

Dreamland Cafe 1934

Dreamland Cinema entrance 1934

Dreamland 1934 entrance vestibule

Saloon Bar 1934

Dreamland floor plan 1934 | Margate History Dreamland Buffet 1934 | Margate History Dreamland  cinema booking foyer 1935 | Margate History Dreamland Cafe 1934 | Margate History

Dreamland floor plan 1934

Dreamland Buffett 1934

Dreamland cinema booking foyer 1935

Dreamland Cafe 1934

Dreamland Cafe bar 1934 | Margate History Dreamland cafeteria 1934 | Margate History Dreamland cinema inside 1935 | Margate History Dreamland cinema main foyer 1935 | Margate History

Dreamland Cafe bar 1934

Dreamland cafeteria 1934

Dreamland cinema inside 1935

Dreamland cinema main foyer 1935

Dreamland cinema section plan | Margate History Dreamland cinema side entrance 1935 | Margate History Dreamland cinema staircase 1935 | Margate History Dreamland Cinema view 1935 | Margate History

Dreamland cinema section plan

Dreamland cinema side entrance 1935

Dreamland cinema staircase 1935

Dreamland Cinema 1935

Dreamland Entrance hall 1934 | Margate History Dreamland view from cafe 1934 | Margate History Dreamland Coach station 1934 | Margate History

Dreamland Entrance hall 1934

Dreamland view from cafe 1934

Dreamland Coach station 1934

Dreamland cinema interior ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland Sunshine cafe ca 1930s | Margate History Dreamland Cinema entrance early 1950s [TDC collection] | Margate History

Dreamland cinema interior ca 1930s

Dreamland Sunshine cafe ca 1930s

Dreamland Cinema entrance early 1950s [TDC collection]

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