Margate before Sea bathing: 1300 to 1736

Anthony Lee


I. Margate Deputies
II. Margate Pier Wardens
III. The Anglo-Dutch Wars: Sir Joseph Williamson's correspondents in Margate
IV. Margate Postmasters 1691-1790
V. Proposed Pier Dues, 1647
VI. Pier Accounts 1667-8. Expenditure required to repair breach in Pier
VII. Disbursements for repair of the Pier 1691-1692
VIII. A copy of the Rates and Orders for use of the Pier at Margate, 1693-4, printed 1784
IX. Ships Burthen
X. Margate Ships 1584
XI. Pier Accounts for year 1 May 1733 inclusive to 1 May 1734 exclusive
XII. An Invenyory and Valuation of Farming Stock and Produce &c in 1548
XIII. Inventory of Edward Jarvis, 1737
XIV. Parish School: Margate St John the Baptist
XV. Margate Seventeenth Century Trade Tokens
XVI. Inventories of two Margate Merchant Taylors
XVII. Charitable Benefactors to the Parish of St John
XVIII. Vicars of St John the Baptist
XIX. Orders for the repressing of pirates, 1565


Appendix I. Margate Deputies

From: Edward White, List of Deputies and Pier Wardens, Margate Public Library, Manuscripts.



William Haveioye and Thomas Lyncoln1


Thomas Lyncoln1


Thomas May2


William Booker1


John Bushell and Andrew Neale


John Mussred and Andrew Neale




Thomas Grant


Francis Digges and John Brooman


Roger Omer


Roger Omer and George Friend


Roger Omer


William Petken


Thomas Grant


Henry Bing


Henry Petken












Henry Petken




William Petken


M. W. Conway


Henry Petken








Richard Sackett











Francis Cobb, sub deputy


Richard Sackett

1. Felix Hull, ed., A calendar of the White and Black books of the Cinque Ports, 1432-1955, Her Majety’s Stationary Office, 1966

2. The history and antiquities ecclesiastical and civil of the Isle of Tenet in Kent, John Lewis,1st edition,  London, 1723

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Appendix II. Margate Pier Wardens

From: Edward White, List of Deputies and Pier Wardens, Margate Public Library, Manuscripts.

[Data from Mercer's Pier Accounts 1768.]


Thomas Grant

Joseph Mackewith




William Petkin

William Cock


George Friend

Adrian Moyse




Dudley Diggs

Jeremy Cullmer








Dudley Diggs [alone]


Frances Diggs

one of the peere wardens'


Francis Diggs


Thomas Sackett

Richard Lister


Thomas Underdowne

Roger Laming


Thomas Grant

Valentine Jewell




Roger Omer

Valentine Jewell


Valentine Jewell

John Brooman




Danell Basden

Vincent Barber




Roger Omer, gent

Valentine Jewell


Thomas Grant

Roger Leming




Walter Tomlin

William Norwood


Richard Stookes

John Jarves


Ralph Constant

Robert Smith


John Turner

Peter Sackett


Capt. Roger Omer

John Turner


Capt. Roger Omer, Gent

Edward Gibb


John Brooke

Roger Whitthead


George Laming

Richard Prince




Danell Swindford and

late Mr Step. Pamflett


Danell Swinford

John Tomlin


John Tomlin

John Brooman


Roger Laming

John Brooman


Roger Laming

John Cowell




Richard Laming

Edward Bing


Edward Bing

Richard Stookes


Richard Stoaks

Hennery Pettken


Henery Pettken

Daniel Phamflett


Daniel Phamfflett

Thomas Wittnale


Thomas Wittnaile

Robert Brooke


Robert Brook

Robard Wells


Robert Brooke

Robert Wells


Roger Laming

John Cowell


John Cowell

capt. Thomas Wilkins


John Cowell

Daniel Pamflett


John Cowell

Capt. Daniel Pamflett


Capt. Daniel Pamflett

Capt. David Turner




Capt. Robert Brooke

Capt. David Turner




Robert Wells

John Stanner




Daniel Swinford

James Walton




William Norwood

Edward Cowell




John Brasier

Thomas Baker


Capt. Robert Brooke

William Petken


John Sackett

James Walton


Richard Boreman

Thomas Gurney


Capt. David Turner

John Gurney


Capt. David Turner

John Gurney










Capt. John Harnett

Richard Sackett








Capt. John Harnett

Edward Cowell


Stephen Sackett

Edward Cowell


Stephen Sackett

James Taddy






Capt. Daniel Pamflett

Edward Bing






Henry Scoats

John Peirce






Thomas Gurney

George Covell




Daniel Swinford

Isaac Barber




John Gore

John Cowell


Edward Wilds

John Cowell




Edward Wilds

Richard Sackett




Thomas Watteller

Benjamin Cowell




Francis Cobb

John Baker

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Appendix III. The Anglo-Dutch Wars; Sir Joseph Williamson’s correspondents in Margate


John Smith

From: Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, Charles II, Vol. 5, October 1665-July 1666; Vol 6, August 1666-March 1667; Vol 7, April-October 1667; Vol 8, November 1667-September 1668; Vol 12, December 1671-May 1672.

July 1 1666. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson

The Dutch fleet is in view, hovering between Margate and Orford-Ness; they have not yet joined the French fleet; the ships seen near Dungeness might be merchant vessels bound southward; good guard is kept, and Sir Rich. Sandys has brought his foot and horse company into the island.

July 10 1666. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson

There has been a general muster of horse and foot, Lord Middleton, the general, being present. Is desired to direct his letters to John Cook, secretary to Sir Wm. Morice, and will do so unless countermanded by Williamson.

July 13 1666. Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The Little Mary has arrived from Ostend, with a Dutch tender, belonging to John Evertsen, admiral of Zealand, carrying anchors, cables, &c, for their fleet, which she took near Dunkirk. Six Dutch vessels off Margate Road perceived and made to her to retake the prize, but she ran it aground near Broadstairs pier. They fired several shots at the people ashore and at the prize, but could not retake it, the place being well guarded with horses and men.

July 19 1666. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson

The Dutch continue their scouts near Margate Road; the English fleet has fallen down to the Shoe, and is weighing anchor; expects they will engage to-day or tomorrow; they have a fair wind.

July 27 1666. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson

Is anxious for news from the fleets; guns have been heard, and they are believed to have been engaged two days; is confident of a victory, as the Round of guns went further off; a smack is being manned with soldiers to take a French sloop hovering on the North Foreland.

August 31 1666. Noon, Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The Dutch fleet is standing off five leagues from shore, the scouts two or three leagues off, and may discern the English fleet in Sole Bay. Expects a fight to night.

[Oct.] 1666.  Statement by John Smith

Statement by John Smith that in September 1665, and since, many sick and wounded men were set ashore at Margate, and no provision made for their reception; the commissioners' agents at Deal and Dover refused to meddle with them, so he took charge of them, and was paid therefore when the Deal accounts were settled six months ago, and desired to continue his care, but Mr Talbor, agent, and Mr. Bullock, surgeon of Dover, now forbid this; desires continuance in the employment, as during the last thirteen months; has no pay unless there be sick and wounded men there, Margate not being in the list for a surgeon; only three have died under his charge; has been vigilant and careful; thinks Talbor and Bullock raise false reports about him, because they have no benefit from him, he having little for himself.

Nov. 6 1666.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

No Dutch capers have been near lately; 70 sail of Ostenders have passed by; Margate keeps clear of the pestilence.

Nov. 22 1666. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson.

A shallop has arrived with the corpse of a late ambassador in France, and his lady [the late Sir Rich. Fanshaw and Lady Fanshaw, from Spain]; thinks his name was Holles. On the way she took a Dutch junk of 100 guns. Several Ostenders have come in from London.

Dec. 3 1666. Margate.  Joh. Smith to Williamson

There is a rumour that many English seamen go over with the Ostenders, to serve them. Sends him some country ale, good to drink this cold weather, which if bottled, will be the better the longer it is kept.

Dec. 13 1666. Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The Smyrna ships have come home safe, but the seamen very discontent for want of pay. Still put off from one to another about his charge in looking after the sick and wounded seamen. Esquire Evelyn says that Mr Bullock and Mr Talbor have received the money to pay him, but such clerks do mischief in slighting their betters, and giving trouble in waiting on them so often. A small man-of-war has forced two vessels ashore.

April 8 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

No enemy appears. The place is in a good posture of defence, with two or three companies of the Scotch regiment there. Col. Titus has ordered a meeting of the trained bands to-morrow; they are to have their ammunition with them, and their arms well fixed.

April 15 1667. Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson.

No pickeroons are seen, and strong guards arc kept along the coast.

May 10 1667.  Margate. Joh. Smith to Williamson

The coast is clear of pickeroons, and the mackerel men fish quietly, with the Blackamoor pink as convoy. Several barks from the westward, laden with lemons, have passed by to the Thames.

May 17 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

There is a rumour of a great fleet of Dutch and French ships coming, and the wind is fair for them; the coast is put in a posture of defence, and the trained bands mustered. Will be obliged to come to London again to see Squire Evelyn, as neither Mr Bullock nor Mr Talbor will take the writer's accounts for curing the sick and wounded, and he can get no satisfaction.

May 21 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

Has heard of no Dutch nor French men-of-war on the coast; the fishermen have not been molested, but have caught small store of mackerel, on account of the bad weather; the trained bands of the Isle of Thanet have been mustered.

May 31 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The trained bands have mustered again, but no French nor Dutch men-of-war are seen off the coast, though the wind blows fair to bring them in.

June 25 1667. Jo. Smith to Williamson

Near the road are six Holland men-of-war, one a vice-admiral, and a galliot hoy. Others show themselves near the shore, and go away again.

July 7 1667. Margate. John Smith to Williamson

Five Flemings still continue riding there, one vice-admiral and one rear-admiral, but have not attempted to do hurt. A galliot has been sent to them from the fleet.

July 19 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The Dutch still remain at the North Foreland; they took the Dover custom-house shallop, and the Vice-admiral sent a boat with a white flag, and a letter from the master of the shallop to Dover, for four Dutch men, to release the English; these were sent. Wants satisfaction from Squire Evelyn for caring for sick and wounded seamen.

Sept. 3 1667.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

The vessels there are fitting to go for coals, and three are bound to Rotterdam. The three proclamations for peace were proclaimed, with the ringing of bells and firing of guns.

Sept. 7 1667. Margate. John Smith to Williamson

Capt Cary, an Ostender, has taken a vessel of Portugal, laden with sugar, under our port, without its firing a gun, and chased another, and also a French man-of-war, into Broadstairs pier. Another vessel, laden with wine and brandy, is on the Goodwin Sands.

Dec. 28 1667.  John Smith to Williamson

I beg you to write a few lines in my behalf to Squire Evelyn, for satisfaction for curing the sick and wounded from the King's ships, landed at Margate, in the Isle of Thanet, for 15 months. I want an order to the farmers of customs for a surveyor or waiter's place at Margate.

March 18 1672.  Margate. John Smith to Williamson

Yesterday came ashore here about seventy wounded by order from Mr. Knight and Mr. Peirse, who are committed to my care and cure, from the St. Michael, Resolution, and Gloucester. The Rupert went over the flats yesterday.


John Glover

Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, Charles II, Vol 5, October 1665-July 1666; Vol 12, December 1671-May 1672; Vol 13, May-September 1672; Vol 14, October 1672-February 1673; Vol 15, March-October 1673; Vol 16, November 1673-February 1675; Vol 19, March 1677-February 1678; Vol. 28, Addenda, 1660-1685.


June 11 1667. John Glover to [Williamson ?]

Three hoys of the town, that were going to London, bring word that 40 sail of Dutch ships are battering at Sheerness.

May 10 1672.  Margate, John Glover to Williamson

According to the directions of yours of the 8th I will give you an account daily. Just now came about the Foreland two Holland men-of-war, and a great flyboat, which I conceive is a fireship. They all lie loose with their sails baled up, and have stopped two billanders that were coming in upon the Foreland. The whole fleet are at the back of the Goodwin. If the ships you spoke of come over the flats, it will be very dangerous if these Dutch ships continue on the Foreland; but if it be resolved they shall come, I will have lights kept on the two buoys, that they may come through by night as well as by day. I am just going to the Foreland.

May 10 1672, 2 pm, Margate.  John Glover to Williamson

Since my last by Mr Langley’s express I have been at the North Foreland and on the lighthouse, which is the best prospect we have, and while there another ship came in upon the Foreland, and spoke to the three I mentioned in my last, and after they had lain by about half an hour they made all sail, and stood off the Foreland again, carrying with them the billanders they stopped, and, I presume, they will go off to their grand fleet, which lies off the flats of the Foreland, and at the back of the Goodwin. These are all the ships that were in sight, only one great ship was between the Northsand head and the Foreland, but she stood off when she saw the others stand off too. It is very hazy, with wind N.N.E., so that we cannot see far to sea, but about sunrise this morning the whole Holland fleet was seen at the back of the Goodwin, and about 30 nearer in upon the Foreland than the rest. If the ships yet in the river are ready to come down, my boat shall ply off the Foreland and inform me of all ships there, and I will contrive, by boats placed from the Redsand to the two buoys of the Narrow with lights in them, and by lights at the two buoys, that the ships shall come down as well in the night as in the day, and then those ready may be at the Foreland before daylight, and if any of the Holland fleet be there, it will not be above four or eight sail, for they never come in with more. If you will tell his Majesty he will doubtless understand the management of the affair, and if it be concluded pray send me orders what I shall do, and I will consult the commanders about it, and doubt not to bring them down safe. I will send you an account every night by express of what happens here in the day, so pray write to the postmasters to forward them. I guess the biggest ship here not to have above 50 guns, and the rest 20 or 30 apiece.

May 11, 2 pm, 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

About sunrise this morning the whole Dutch fleet came in upon the Foreland, and lay off and on Margate, there most of the forenoon with their sails haled up. They were so near in that we could see their hulks very plain, but now they are beating off to sea again. I must send this to the post house at Sandwich, for no post goes from us, except Tuesdays and Fridays.

May 12 1672, 3 pm, Margate.  John Glover to Williamson

I received yours of the 10th at 10 last night, and immediately sent a boat to the Buoy of the Nore with a letter to the Captain of the Gloucester, to inform him where the Holland fleet was; but this morning Thomas Grant came down, a pilot, who carried up the Fountain fireship last Thursday, who says that the Gloucester, Ruby, Tiger, Adventure, Dartmouth, and Bonaventure, with three fireships and an hospital ship, weighed last Friday morning, and went down as low as the Shoe, and anchored there, and weighed again yesterday, and are gone down towards the Gunfleet. I pray they do not fall into the enemies’ mouths before they are aware, for it is very hazy and thick at sea, and little wind at N.N.E. Did I know whither to send a boat to them I would do so; but at present know not what to do. If occasion offer I will not be wanting in diligence. We have not seen the Dutch fleet to-day as yet. Pray let me know when the fleet comes from Spithead, and I will go after them with my boat as far as is convenient, and give them the best account I can. I am now going to the North Foreland lighthouse to learn what news there is there.

May 13 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

I received yours of the 11th and 12th this morning, and am very glad that Capt. Coleman and the rest are stopped at the Middle Ground, for about seven last night it suddenly cleared, after a thick fog all day, and then we saw the whole Dutch fleet off the Foreland, standing to sea under all sail, so that we thought they had seen our fleet, but it was not so, for about ten this morning we saw about 40 of them as far from the Foreland as we could discern their sails, and about six this evening six sail of them stood in close to the beach near the Goodwin, and all lay by there till it was near dark, and then stood off to sea again. I presume they came in to see what was in the Downs.

May 14 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

Nothing appears here of any ships this morning, only sometimes we hear some guns together, like chase guns.

Postscript. — Colonel Roocke, being all last week at Dover with the horse, is come here this morning and desires me to remind you that about ten days ago he gave you an account of our dangerous condition here for want of powder and shot for 14 good guns we have here, and he and all the country desire you to stand our friend, that we may have powder and shot sent us with all speed.

May 15 1672, 4 pm, Margate, John Glover to Williamson

I am sorry the bold Dutchmen have had time and opportunity to come so high, as I hear they have done, but the wind has favoured them a great while, which is but a little to prolong their misery. The Elizabeth ketch that waits on the Rupert came in to-day from Dover. He was going on to the Nore with 90 or 100 men, and has orders from Prince Rupert to put them on board some ships there, but he did not know of the Flemings being there; so I have stopped him, and ordered him a pilot to carry him to the East Swale, and to land his men at Shellness, the east end of Sheppey, right against Whitstable, which he may do, although the Dutch be at the Nore. I have sent by this express to Major Darell to send a guard to the Ness for the men as they march across the island. The ketch goes to-night, and the men will be ashore early to-morrow, or to-night if the guard come. I think this better than landing them here and marching them 40 miles by land. We have no sight of the Dutch to-day as yet, but last night I saw six or eight sail off the Foreland, and some twenty standing down the Swin.

May 15 1672.  Sir J. Williamson to John Glover

The King commands me to send an express to say that as the Duke and his fleet were yesterday within sight of Dover and will probably be there or past it by this time, you are to have a constant watch on the North Foreland, both as to the motions of the Dutch and to spy out towards the South Foreland and the Goodwin when the Duke appears, and that when you discover him with the fleet on the back of the Goodwin, you are then to go over in your boat to him and give him an exact account of all you know of the Dutch fleet, and on your return to send an express with news from the fleet. Mr Langley is desired to be aiding you in this service during this conjuncture.

May 16 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

About 3 this afternoon came in upon the Foreland four of the Dutch fleet, and two tenders, that went out of harbour this high-water, and my boat being in the Road, they came up towards the town, and the tenders ran into the pier again, and our smack stood away before them. When they were almost as high as the town they tacked, and stood down again, and the headmost, being near the town, fired one shot ashore in the rocks, and we from the fort sent him two for it, and so our fight was ended, and they are standing off to sea again. We have heard, as yet, no news of the Duke with the fleet coming out of Dover Road, but I intend to stand off to sea to-night. If I can get by the Dutch ships and have but a gale, I don’t fear their catching me. It is so very hazy at sea that we cannot see far, but we guess the whole fleet of Flemings is off the Foreland.

Postscript.—Just now a messenger is come from the Foreland that his Majesty's fleet is in sight at the back of the Goodwin, if they be not mistaken, but a fleet it seems there is, and I will see what they are. The four Flemish ships turned off to sea again, and I will turn after them.

May 18 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

In my last I gave an account of four ships that came into Margate Road, and that night they turned off to sea. I turned off after them, and in the morning I saw them again and part of the Holland fleet off the North Foreland about seven leagues, and about ten yesterday morning we got aboard the Duke, and I gave him the best account I could, and immediately he called a council of war, and ordered me to stay, which I did till ten last night, and then came away with the express I here send. While I was aboard the fleet weighed at the back of the Goodwin, and got that tide about a league to the eastward of the Norsand’s Head, and there weighed this morning. I am just going with an express to Capt. Coleman for him to come to the fleet.

May 21 1672. 9 pm, the smack in Sole Bay.  Capt. John Glover to Williamson

Last Saturday I went to the Buoy of the Nore, and Capt. Coleman being gone to the Gunfleet I spoke with Capt. Beare in the Katharine and Capt. Hart in the Revenge, who gave me letters to his Royal Highness. On Sunday we went down to the Gunfleet, and Capt. Coleman not being there we went to sea, and at night got sight of his Royal Highness and the fleet about half seas over, though not off Orfordness. On Monday I delivered my letters, they being at anchor and in sight of the Flemings, they bearing E. and by N. to head of his Royal Highness, it having blown very hard all day till about six. This morning the fleet weighed, but too much wind, and I think the Dutch fleet not in sight, and this morning came the Katharine, Princess, and Advice and three fireships, and this evening, it being much wind, the fleet is standing into Southwold Bay. It is foul weather at sea and I can scarce write. Postscript. —I hoped to have seen the fight, but I fear I shall not, for I believe the Dutch are frighted at the sight of his Majesty’s fleet, and could not stand it, for a braver fleet I never saw. If they do not appear to-morrow I will make for Margate.

May 24 1672. 12 noon, Margate.  John Glover to Williamson

Last Wednesday night I left the fleet and his Royal Highness well in Sole Bay, and came ashore here last night. This morning Capt. Montagu came into the Road with the Falcon, and tells me be was going yesterday out of the Downs to the fleet, and saw the whole Holland fleet riding near the Kentish Knock. Two of them chased him till he came fair in with the North Foreland, and then left him. He says the Phoenix and a Virginia ship went ahead of them, and that it is impossible they can escape. I wish it be not true, for last Tuesday the Dutch fleet was not to be seen. I fear his Royal Highness is gone with the fleet northward. The wind is quite against us, else I would have gone to him in my boat, but, as it is, the intelligence will be sooner from you by land. I still hope it may be our fleet that is got thither, because the wind is against them to go northward. But, if the fleet was yesterday in Sole Bay, it must be the Holland fleet at the Knock.

May 25 1672. Noon, Whitehall.  Prince Rupert to John Glover, Margate

You are to continue to stand off to sea and observe the motions of the Dutch, and if possible, at least while the wind is easterly, send intelligence to Harwich to be handed to the Duke in Sole Bay, and a duplicate of it hither and to the Governor of Dover Castle by express; also saying what single ships of the enemy you shall discover lying towards the mouth of the River.

May 26 1672. 7 am, Margate. John Glover to Williamson

According to your commands I shall give you an account from time to time, as there is occasion, and will send to Mr Pen[n] on board the Duke’s ship if anything material offers here. To-day I hope Capt. Montague will be with the fleet. Yesterday I saw two ships stand off N.W. from the Foreland, which I think were two of the Dutch scouts; but I have seen nothing as yet this morning, for it is very hazy, so that we cannot see far to sea. I left the Governor of Dover on board the Duke when I came away last Wednesday night. Capt. Montague went over the Flats yesterday, and now has a S.E. wind, which is fair to carry him down the Swin Channel. Postscript on separate paper. — Since sealing this I hear several guns oft’ the Foreland, which makes me think the Dutch are still there, but we can see nothing of their ships as yet.

June 10 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

Our last night's alarm was occasioned by two small tenders in the fleet that came down to this road, and being drinking together and parting about one this morning, took leave of each other by firing several guns. This gave such an alarm to both town and country that the women were running away with their children, which would have been a fair riddance, and some of the men were almost at their wits’ end, and would not believe but that the Dutch fleet were come into the roads to land, for one told me a shot went through one house. I called my boat ashore by a fire on the hill, who told us the reason of the guns, but could not satisfy the people till daylight, when we saw three ships standing off and on on the North Foreland, which they would have to be the Dutch scouts that were in the road and fired last night. I manned a boat and rowed off, and found them to be the Falcon and the Warwick with another flyboat bound for the Downs. This gave them satisfaction, but I fear did not stop the alarm, which was got to Canterbury by nine next morning, and by this time may be got to Whitehall.

June 14 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

The small vessel that brought the Dutch agent lies still in this road, just before the town, and takes notice of all passages here, what vessels go to and again, and when they ride, and some fear that when he goes away he may give an account to the privateers to our prejudice, either by firing the vessels or landing in the town.

Nov. 12 1672.  John Glover to Williamson

According to yours of the 7th, I took a boat and spoke to several ships in this Road, and the wind being N.W., they went for the Downs. I likewise gave notice to several lying in Ramsgate Road, some of which came in to the pier here, and some to Ramsgate pier, and are resolved to stay here till they hear the stop is taken off again, of which I desire you to send me word. Mr Langley is dead, and the post place here not yet settled, but let me receive your commands, and I will serve you what I am able, but the Commissioners of the Customs have deprived me of my employment in the smack, which I hope you will be a means to restore me to, when you hear my case.

March 27 1673.  John Glover to Williamson

For two or three days past ships have appeared off the North Foreland, some times six or eight, and last Tuesday we saw about ten. Whether they were ships bound South or not I cannot tell.

Feb. 12 1675.  John Glover to Williamson

The fanatic party are building a conventicle house here where we never had any before, and I know not why they go about it now unless it be in spite of the proclamation against them. They make great haste to get it up, and I tell them it may be it will be pulled down as fast ere long.

[undated] [1675 ?].  John Glover of Margate

Petition for a gift of about £52, the King’s moiety of a seizure of wool, now in the petitioner's hands, and of a small boat forfeited for importing fish. Was often employed during the late Dutch war to go on board his Royal Highness with letters and messages as he and Sir J. Williamson can testify, his charges being above £60.

May 8 1677.  John Glover to Williamson

There lies in this road a Flemish man-of-war and out of her are come ashore six or eight outlandish gentlemen. They have been here ever since last Saturday. They lie very private. I have been informed by the commander of the ship that it is the Spanish ambassador, that is come from London and going to Flanders. Whether it be so or no, I know not.

Nov. 27 1677.  John Glover to Williamson

Last night, the wind being S., the Prince and Princess of Orange went on board Sir John Holmes and stood off to sea, but, the wind coming N.E. in the night, they came back again into this road, and about 11 this morning came ashore to my house, where at present they are in very good health.


Richard Langley

Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, Charles II, Vol 7, April-October 1667; Vol 12, December 1671-May 1672; Vol 13, May-September 1672.


June 26 1667.  Margate. Rich. Langley to Williamson

Is put to daily expense in sending Sir Thomas Teddeman’s letters to Deal; asks whether he is obliged to do it. Seven Hollanders are near the Foreland; one of their boats came ashore with a white flag, and delivered a declaration from De Witt; 50 sail of them have been seen going up to the Buoy of the Nore.

May 5 1672. Margate.  Richard Langley, postmaster, to Sir Joseph Jordan, secretary to the Duke of York, at Whitehall

The Dutch fleet of above 100 sail are descried off the North Foreland, and stand, as is supposed, for the Downs. Please communicate this to Lord Arlington. With notes of the hours at which it was received at the different stages to London, and by Williamson that it was received by him at 10 am the 6th.

May 7 1672. 5 a.m., Margate.  Richard Langley to Williamson

The Dutch fleet has not appeared here since last Sunday, but has been seen on the other side of the Foreland, and was to-day in Dover Road. I am informed from Sandwich that four flags were descried in the fleet. The French Victory was certainly taken by them at 3 on Sunday afternoon off the Longsand’s head. She came among them expecting them to be our own fleet, and a dogger came into our Road about 1 the same afternoon with provision for his Royal Highness, and upon the like mistake had run into the Dutch fleet, had not our Deputy here gone off and informed him what fleet it was. She is now in our pier. I believe I can procure such a boat as you mention, to look out to sea now and then, if you will send an order protecting her men from impressment, for they will not go off without such an order.

May 8 1672.  9 pm, Whitehall. Sir J. Williamson to Richard Langley

The King has ordered some ships forthwith over the flats out of the river to the Downs. To prevent inconvenience you are to place vigilant persons to watch on the North Foreland what moves towards the Downs and give early notice of it to the said vessels and all others passing that way, that they may save themselves into Margate road if needful.

May 10 1672.  11 am, Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

I received yours last night. I was myself this morning at the Foreland, where I descried the Dutch fleet at the back of the Goodwin Sands, but could not tell the number, the weather being somewhat thick. Seamen informed me they were discovered last night to be about 100 sail. They now stand for the northward.

May 10 1672. 12 noon, Margate.  Richard Langley to Williamson

Since sealing my letter, the Dutch fleet appear more in sight, and fair in Road are one fireship (as is supposed) and one man-of-war.

May 10 1672. Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

I fear my last express of to-day was misdated the 9th [It was not.] The ships therein mentioned to be fair in with the land are standing off the other side of the Foreland to and fro. They have stopped, and keep with them two billanders bound for London.

May 12 1672. Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

I received yours of the 10th late last night, and according to your directions I have set a watchman at the North Foreland to discover any smoke or fire that shall be made at the South Foreland light, and have ordered the keeper of the North Foreland light on such discovery to do the same. I was at the North Foreland this morning, and received information that the Dutch fleet was descried off it last night at anchor, but a thick fog prevents us making any discoveries to-day.

May 13 1672.  10 pm Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

Since I wrote I have been at the North Foreland and with the watchman I have employed to stand on St Peter’s steeple night and day. He descried to-day about ten or twelve sail riding at the Buoy of the Gunfleet, but cannot tell what they were. Five or six sail of Dutch have been this afternoon cruising to and again about the Foreland, and were bearing eastward this evening, which I discovered myself. The body of the Dutch has not been seen since morning.

May 13 1672. 1 pm, Margate.  Richard Langley to Williamson

I received this morning yours of the 11th, and shall observe your order therein. I have already set a watch on the North Foreland for discovery either by night or day. About seven last night I had notice the Dutch fleet of about 110 sail were seen off the Foreland, and eight sail about the South Foreland, but it could not be discovered whether they were Dutch or English. Three billanders which left Dover yesterday passed through our road to-day for London. They cannot give any intelligence of our fleet, but last Friday they met the Dutch fleet at sea, which took from them a master and steersman.

May 14 1672. 3 pm, Margate.  Richard Langley to Williamson

Between 9 and 10 this morning we heard several guns, and discovered some smoke, which was Margate, judged by the seamen here to be at the Buoy of the Gunfleet, and is supposed to be some engagement of squadrons or scouts; and since Nutting, a smackman, who came over the Flats, says he descried about 40 Dutch beating up for Sheerness, with two flagships among them. Pray, in your next, inform me where our fleet is, for we can receive no intelligence of them.

May 15 1672. 5 pm, Margate.  Richard Langley to Williamson

I was to-day at the North Foreland, and cannot discover any of the Dutch fleet nor any of his Majesty’s. A ketch that came in to-day and left Dover yesterday, says twenty of our ships are come into Dover Road. He has above a hundred pressed men on board, and is bound up to our ship at Sheerness. To-day a smack went out of our pier with 30 pressed men, the lieutenant of the York frigate with them, towards the fleet.

May 16 1672.  Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

News the same as in the last letter

May 17 1672. 2 pm Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

To-day about noon I was at the North Foreland, and there saw our fleet at the back of the Goodwin Sands under sail plying eastward, and also about eighteen of our ships plying from the Gunfleet, and this morning were seen about eight or ten sail in the east of the Dutch fleet. Mr Glover had intelligence of the descrying of our fleet by me, and is gone out this morning in his smack towards them.

[May 28] 1672.  1 pm. Margate. Richard Langley to Williamson

We have heard the guns very much ever since seven this morning, and we hear them still very much, but the fleets are out of our sight, and we hear not from them yet.

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Appendix IV. Margate Postmasters 1691-1790

From: Arthur Rowe, Isle of Thanet Gazette, March 17 1923.

During this period postmasters were often called ‘deputies’ and because the mails to Margate passed through Sandwich, the deputies sometimes lived in Sandwich.


1691-1709      Paul Hart, Deputy of Margrett. Name changed to Margate in 1705

1710-1718      Henry Savage, Margate

1719-1733      Edward Constant, Margate

1734-1736      --- Griggs, Margate

1737-1741      James Stewart, Deputy for Sandwich, Thanet, and Margate

1742               James Stewart, John Chumley and Henry Woodruffe, Sandwich and Thanet

1743-1745      Henry Woodruffe, Sandwich and Thanet

1746-1747      Henry Woodruffe, Sandwich and Thanet

1748-1750      Henry Woodruffe, Sandwich and Thanet

1751-1775      Henry Woodruffe, Sandwich and Thanet

1776-1777      John Smith, Margate

1778-1790      Joseph Hall, Margate

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Appendix V Proposed Pier Dues, 1647

From: House of Lords Journal, 26 March 1647.

Monies to levy, to maintain the Jetty-works at Margate, in the Isle of Thannett, in Kent, against the Sea, for ever, which is shipped and unshipped, for the Securing of the Town.

[In the following the medieval abbreviation ‘ob’ for half a penny has been replaced by ½d]

For every Quarter of Wheat, Malt, and Salt —    7d

For every Quarter of Barley bought by Foreigners —   2d

For every Pack of Wool transported to Lond. —   8d

For every Hundred of North Sea Cod-fish — 5d

For every Hundred of Mackerels —  2d

For every Hundred of Herring — ½d

And for all other Fish to the Value of Twenty Shillings —  1½d

For every Hundred Weight of Holland Cheese, Cheshire, and Thin Cheese  — 2d

For every Weigh of Suffolke and Essex Cheese — 3d

For every Firkin of Butter — 1½d

For every Bag of Hops  —  6d

For all Sorts of Grocery Ware to the Value of Twenty Shillings — 2d

For every Chaldron of Sea Coals, for the Buyer  —  2d

For all Sorts of Wines and Vinegar to the Value of Twenty Shillings  — 1½d

For every Barrel or Half Barrel or Firkin of Liquor to the Value of Twenty Shillings — 1½d

For every Load of Chalk, and Shingle, and Lime  — 2d

For every Thousand of Tiles and Bricks — 1d

For every Basket filled with Goods to the Value of Twenty Shillings — 1½d

For every Load of Lathes  —  6d

For every Hundred of Deal Boards —  6d

For every Dozen of Candles —  ½d

For every Ton of Iron — 3d

For all other Goods to the Value of Twenty Shillings  —  1½d

For every Hundred of Faggots, and Thousand of Billets, for the Buyer — 1d

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Appendix VI. Pier accounts 1687-8. Expenditure required to repair breach in Pier.

From: Kent Archives, Margate Pier Accounts 1678-1724.

For a horse and man to acquaint the parishioners — 2s

Paid Adam Jenkins, Roger Jenkins, Tho. Musrall, Jon. Applegate, Geo. Cullinor, for saving of timbers and plank — 12s

Paid Adam Jenkins, Roger Jenkins, Tho. Masrall and Tho. Bishop for one tides work making up Bulkheads — 6s

Item the next day to stop the Breach one tide — 6s

Paid Jn. Laming for carrying up old timber — 8s 6d

Paid Paul Swinford for carry old plank and timber and for drawing of timber — 9s

Paid 3 labourers at the West side of the pier for 3 tides work — 13s 6d

Paid Thos. Bishop — 3s

Paid James Yeomans for one days work — 2s 4d

January 19. The Deputy and I went to London our charges for 11 days for our horses and our selves as by Bill approved amounted to — £4 1s

Paid for 2 horses hire to London and Maidstone — £1 4s

Paid Roger and Adam Jenkins for 2 tides work at the Back of the pier — 6s

Paid Tho. Bishop and Tho. Marshall — 5s

Paid for Bread and Beer — 16s 8d

Paid Jon. Basoon for ropes to draw up the baskets to fill that part that was left — 3s 11d

Paid 7 labourers for 1 day and a half work to fill the pier with baskets — 17s 6d

Paid at Stephens — 1s

Paid Thos Jenkins and Thomas Bishop for the 2 tides they wrought when I was at London — 8s

Paid Fra. Cory for writing the sess for the pier —10s

Spent at Mr Bushells — 3s

Paid the labourers to unload and carry up the old plank that was bought at Chatham — 4s

Paid Tho Smith for freight — £2 1s

Paid Henniker and 2 labourers to measure and ship the plank — 6s

Paid the freight of the timber and plank from Maidstone — £9 2s

Paid the carriage and labourers to unload the [ . . . ] with timber and planks — £1 15s

Paid for a certificate — 6d

Paid for 2 Bonds making — 1s

Paid for 1164 foot of ships plank — £12 3s

Paid for 26 loads and two foot of timber at Maidstone — £44 5s 4d

Paid for 2 Load and 228 foot of new plank at Maidstone — £12 8s 4d

Paid Nicholas Hunt for sawing — £5 4s 2d

Paid Widd Norton for 2 rowles for the pitt — 4s

Paid Nicholas Hunt more for sawing — 4s

Paid for 2 horses to Colonel Tucks —10s

Paid for Bread and Beer —£1 5s

Paid for Bread and Beer as per bill —18s

Paid for our charges to Dover 2 days and one night for our horses and our selves — 14s 10d

Paid for 3 horse hire to gather the sess — 3s

Paid for Bread and Beer —14s 11d

Paid Widd Reynolds for Beer and Bread for the Labourers — 10s 6d

Paid for Beer and Bread as by bill —16s 8d

Paid for Bread and Beer —11s 6d

Paid for Bread and Beer — £1 6s

Paid for the use of a rope — 2d

Paid Josiah Rutland as per bill — £2 3s 10d

Paid Vincent Barber as per bill — £2 16s 5d

Paid Vall. Jewell for Brandy paper and Basketts — 7s 6d

Paid the Deputy for his being out 11 days — £2

Paid Widd Smith for 6 planks —£1 16s

Paid Fra. Cory for writing of 2 petitions — 1s

March 15 1687   The first weeks the labourers began about the pier at [ . . . ] three days a man —   £2 8s

March 19 1687 Paid the next weeks 9 men 4 days and a half at 6s 9d per man — £3 0s 6d

March 7th (88) the next week paid 10 men 5 days per man — £3 7s 9d

April 2nd (88) paid 9 men for 5 days work a man — £3 0s 3d

April 9th paid 9 men same for 6 days and 4 days and a half work — £3 2s

April 18th paid 10 men same for 4 days and same for 3 days and same 2 days work — £1 16s 9d

April 22th paid 9 men 5 days work — £2 13s 9d

Paid 2 boys 3 days at pier — 3s

April 30th, May 1th paid 6 men 2 days — 18s

Tho. Bishop — 2s

Geo. Cullmer — 1s 6d

Paid Geo Pittock for baskets — 2s

Paid [ . . . ] North for 3lb of Spikes  — £4 16s

Paid Tho. Huffham for 2 lb of spikes —  £3 4s

Paid Andrew Hurst for 4 lb of spikes and for Nayles — £7 3s 7d

Paid Jno. Hurst for 2 lb and ½ of spikes — £4

Paid Paul Swinford and John Laming and drawing of timber and plank — £1 17s 6d

Paid Hen. Thornden for carrying of chalk — £1 8s 6d

Paid Tho. Thornden —  £1 11s 6d

Paid Robert Young as per bill — £4 12s

Paid Abra. Pond for digging 154 loads of chalk — £1 5s 8d

Paid Tho. Soffatree for carrying of chalk — £1 10s

Paid Edw. Wooton for drawing of 3 [ . . . ] of timber — 9d

Paid Tho. Powell for Spikes and Nayles — £7 11s 6d

Paid Fra. Cory for writing and sorting this Account — 7s

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Appendix VII. Disbursements for repair of the Pier 1691-1692.

[Kent Archives, Margate Pier Accounts 1678-1724.]

June 3 1691 Paid Mr Bodingfield Towner, Clerk, of Dover for Vincent Barber, John Smith, James Yeoman for taking their oath’s before the Mayor and Jurats of Dover what the repair of the pier would cost and a certificate upon the same —  5s

June 8th for my journey to Maidstone and charge — £1 10s

July 20th Paid Thomas Castle for helping two tides together the timber ashore — 3s 4d

Then also Roger Jenkins 2 tides — 3s 4d

Then also paid Abraham Hedgcock 2 tides and a half — 4s 2d

Then also paid Thomas Hedgcock 2 tides and a half — 4s 2d

Then also paid Geo Culmor 1 tide to help the timber ashore — 1s 8d

Then also paid Robt Ladd 1 tide to help the timber ashore — 1s 8d

Then also paid John Joaner 1 tide for the like labour — 1s 8d

Then paid Hen. Thorndon for drawing up 18 loads and ½ of timber —15s 6d

Then paid Paul Swinford for drawing up 16 load and ¾ of timber and plank —14s

Paid for measuring 35 loads and ¼ of timber and plank — 17s 6d

Paid Wm. Chapman the Master of the Hoy Ingot for the Timber and plank —£3

Paid Mr Pamflett for those mens allowance —  5s 6d

August 29th paid Charles Crouthorn 2 tides 4 days work upon pier — 9s 8d

The same day paid Ralph Roberts 2 tides 4 days — 9s 8d

 Then paid John Sturlo 2 tides 4 days — 9s 8d

Then paid Michael Hogben 2 tides 4 days — 9s 8d

Then paid Stephen Maple 2 tides 4 days — 9s 8d

Then paid Hen. Mummery 1 tide 4 days — 8s 2d

Then paid Thomas House 1 tide 3 days — 6s 6d

Then paid Michael Hughes 1 tide 4 days—  8s 2d

Then paid Wm. Mabey  3 days — 5s

Then paid Hen. Austin 4 days — 6s 8d

Then paid Richard Morris 1 day — 1s 8d

Then paid John Mason 4 days  —6s 8d

           [Total  £13 6s 10d]

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Appendix VIII. A copy of the Rates and Orders for use of the Pier at Margate, 1693-4, printed 1784.

[Kent Archives U1453/Z50/1, Pier Rates 1693-4 ]

ORDERS, DECREES, and RATES, Time out of Mind used by the Inhabitants of MARGATE and St JOHN’s in THANET, in the County of Kent, a Member of Dover, one of the Five Ports, for and towards the perpetual Maintenance and Preservation of the Pier and Harbour of MARGATE aforesaid, newly revised, ratified, confirmed and allowed, by his Excellency the Right Honourable Henry Lord Viscount SYDNEY of Shepey, Baron of Milton, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Kent, Constable of Dover Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Master General of the Ordnance, and one of their Majesties most Honourable Privy-Council, &c. the Seventh Day of February, Anno Domini 1693-4, and in the Fifth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord and Lady King William and Queen Mary.


THAT all and every person and persons which do dwell or at any time hereafter shall dwell in  Margate and the parish of St John’s aforesaid, or any other person or persons whatsoever  which shall have occasion to use or harbour in the said Pier at Margate with their boats or vessels either lading or unlading of any kind of victual, goods, or any other kind of merchandize whatsoever, or in any other sort or manner do use or have any trade, traffick or dealing in the said Pier, shall well and truly stand to, pay, obey, discharge, observe, fulfil and keep, all and singular the ancient cus­toms, orders, decrees, payments and agreements, whatsoever there used, and all other hereafter in these presents contained, upon the pains and forfeitures hereafter mentioned.


Item 2. That the Deputy of St John’s for the time being shall yearly, the Sundaybefore May-day cause public notice to be given in the parish church of St John’s,immediately after divine service in the forenoon, to the inhabitants that shall be there present, that they shall assemble themselves together upon May-daynext follow­ing, at some convenient place and hour, to be appointed by the De­puty: And there the Deputy with the greater number of them which shall be there present shall make choice by voices (and the Deputy to have a double voice) of two Wardens, commonly called Pier-War­dens, and also two Deputy Pier-Wardens, chosen to execute the said office when and so often as the said Pier Wardens shall be absent, or otherwise not able to execute the office of Pier-Wardenship; upon pain the Deputy neglecting his warning of the inhabitants of Margate and St John’s shall forfeit 10s.

Item 3. That every inhabitant of Margate and St John’swhich shall be elected and chosen Pier-Wardens or Deputy Pier Wardens by the said inhabitants that shall be assembled at the time and place as aforesaid, or the greater number of them, shall take the said office upon him, and shall continue in the said office one whole year, upon pain to forfeit £5.


Item 4. That the old Pier-Wardens shall, after the new Pier-Wardens be chosen, immediately deliver over, unto the said new Pier-Wardens all such books and accompts as they formerly received of the Pier-Wardens their predecessors; and also shall deliver up, within twenty days after Mayday, unto the said new Pier-Wardens and inhabitants aforesaid, a true note and perfect accompt of all the collections and receipts that they have gathered during the time they were Pier-Wardens there; and shall also deliver up a true note and perfect accompt how they have bestowed the money by them received as aforesaid; and shall pay over to the new Pier-Wardens all such sum and sums of money as shall be found to remain and be due to the said Pier by that accompt, upon pain to forfeit for every week that they shall, contrary to this order and decree, detain the said money as aforesaid 20s.

Item 5. It is further ordered and decreed, that if any of the Pier-Wardens or their Deputies shall depart this life before the year be ended, wherein he should have executed the office of Pier-Warden, or Deputy Pier-Warden, that then the Pier-Warden surviving, or their Deputies, shall, within ten days next following, give public, notice, in the parish church of St John’s aforesaid, unto the parishioners, there to assemble themselves within four days next ensuing, to elect and choose a new Pier-Warden, or Deputy Pier-Warden, who shall execute the office of the party deceased, on pain to forfeit 50s.

Item 6. It is further ordered and decreed, that the heirs, executors, or administrators of the parties deceased, shall, within one month next after his death, deliver unto the parishioners and Pier-Wardens aforesaid, as well a true and just accompt in writing of all such sum and sums of money and specialties for money due to the Pier, as the party deceased hath received and disbursed; as also all such sums of money as were remaining in the hands of the said party for the use and behalf of the said Pier at the time of his death, upon pain to for­feit, for every week they shall contrary to this decree and order de­tain the said money, specialties and accompts, as aforesaid, 10s.

Item 7. That every master or owner of any ship, crayer [a small sailing cargo boat, hoy, or any other vessel, that doth lade or unlade any corn, beer, or victuals, or any other kind of goods or merchandize whatsoever, within the said Pier, shall before his departure out of it not only pay and discharge unto the Pier-Wardens or their Deputies all such rates and sums of money as shall be due unto the said Pier by the merchant for the goods and merchandize so by them laden or unladen, but also shall give a true note in writing of the merchants names, as well as ports-men, shire-men, or strangers, as shall lade or unlade any goods in the said Pier; and that it shall be lawful for the said master to detain out of the goods or merchandizes aforesaid so much money as he shall pay for the Pier duties, if the merchants deny payment; or otherwise the Pier-Wardens to distrain their goods, if they think fitting, upon pain to forfeit 20s.

Item 8. That every master of every ship, crayer, or any other vessel belonging to any of the five ports or their members, being an Englishman, that shall lade or unlade any kind of corn or grain from port to port within this realm, shall pay towards the maintenance of the said Pier, in regard of his own freight, for every twenty quarters of wheat, meal, rye, barley, peas, beans, tares [a kind of vetch,  a plant of the pea family used largely for forage] and mustard seed, 4d and for every twenty quarters of malt and oats, 2d which is called lastage. And all others not inhabitants within the five ports or their members, for every twenty quarters of wheat, meal, rye, barley, peas, beans, tares and mustard seed, 6d and for every twenty-quarters of malt and oats 3d and after that rate for bigger or lesser quantities; and for all goods and merchandizes whatsoever so laden or unladen, to pay by the pound freight, viza ports-man 4d and a shire-man 6d which is called poundage.

Item 9. That every master of every ship, crayer, hoy, or any other vessel, that shall lade any kind of grain, beer, or any other kind of merchandize to be transported beyond the seas, shall pay for every twenty quarters of wheat, meal, rye, barley, peas, beans, tares and mustard-seed, being a ports-man, 6d and a shire-man 9d  and for malt and oats, for a ports man 3d and a shire-man 4d halfpenny; and for every last of beer, for a ports-man 4d and a shire-man 6d and for every merchant, stranger or alien, double the rate of a ports-man; and for all other goods that shall be transported, the master to pay out of his freight as aforesaid, for every twenty shillings freight for a ports-man 2d and for every alien or stranger 6d.

Item 10. That every merchant, brewer, or any other dealer, that shall lade or unlade any kind of merchandizes or goods, in or out of any outlandish bottom, that is to say, that strangers be the owners thereof, himself not adventuring the same, that then the said master or shipper of any such vessel or bottom, wherein the goods or merchandizes is so shipped or unshipped, shall pay to the use and maintenance of the Pier as a stranger doth.

Item 11. That every person or persons whatever, that shall bring into the said Pier or Harbour any quantity of salt, salt-fish, butter, cheese, coals, wood, or any other durable commodities, to the intent  to sell the same there, shall first give public notice thereof tothe country by the common cryer there appointed, and shall lie the space of three days after such public notice given, to the intent that the country may buy for their needful provisions, upon pain to forfeit 10s and that no inhabitant of Margate and St John’s, or any other person or persons whatsoever, shall buy, forestall, or ingross the same com­modities, or any part thereof, to sell out by retail again, until the said three days be expired, upon pain to forfeit the commodity or commodities, so bought contrary to this article, or the value thereof; after which time it shall be lawful for any towns-man, or other, to buy the same commodities. And that no inhabitant or ports-man shall take upon him to own the goods or merchandizes belonging to any foreigner or stranger, to the prejudice of the Pier or Harbour, upon the pain above specified in this article.

Item 12. That every fisher boat belonging to the said Pier shall pay for every mackerel and herring season that they go a fishing one nets-fish, and all other fisher boats that rig out there, and harbouring most part of the winter in the said pier, or most part of the season, shall pay likewise a nets-fish to the Pier, though the said vessel go from this Pier to rig out at another place.

Item 13. That all masters, owners of ketches or smacks, which shall be buyers of fish in mackerel and herring season and doth belong to the Pier, shall pay out of every twenty shillings of their earnings or gettings 4d.

Item 14. That every other fishing boat, not rigging nor harbour­ing there, that shall come into the said Pier or Harbour, shall pay towards the maintenance of the Pier for all the whole time of mackerel season, as followeth, viz. the small boats or pinks called thortle boats every one of them 6d and the greater boats 12d.

Item 15. That every other ship, crayer, hoy, or any other vessel that doth come into the said Pier or Harbour only for succour, and not to lade or unlade, shall pay according to their burthens, viz. of ten tons and under 4d, of twenty tons and under 6d, of thirty tons and under 8d, of forty tons and under 12d, and those of greater burthen to pay accordingly; and for aliens double the rate.

Item 16. That no master or owner of any vessel, that doth come into the said Harbour, and there shall discharge their goods, not shipping any other goods in their vessels, shall presume to take any kind of ballast into their ships or vessels, but only at the appointment of the Pier-Wardens or Deputy Wardens for the time being, upon pain to forfeit 10s, provided that their ballast be thought fit by sea-men of judgment.

Item 17. It is further ordered and decreed, that the Pier-Wardens or their Deputies for the time being, shall not erect, build, or set up any new works, belonging or pretending to be for the use of the Pier or Harbour, amounting to the sum of five pounds or upwards, without the joint consent, allowance, or approbation of the Deputy for the time being, and the rest of the parishioners of the said parish, other than to see to the necessary and needful reparations thereof as often as need shall be, upon pain to forfeit, for every five pounds so laid out, £10.

Item 18. That no ship, crayer, hoy, or any other vessel whatsoever, shall call, discharge, or heave over-board in the said Pier, or within the compass of half the bay of Margate thereunto adjoining, any manner of ballast, sullage, or any other thing that may in any sort be hurtful to the said Pier or Harbour, upon pain to forfeit 10s.

Item 19. It is decreed, that all vessels belonging unto the Pier which shall be trading abroad upon their own adventure, otherwise freighted by any Englishman or stranger, shall pay towards the maintenance of the said Pier or Harbour as followeth, viz. for every voyage from port to port within their Majesties dominions, for every other ship or vessel whatsoever, of the burthen of forty tons or upward 2s and for those of lesser burthen 1s 4d. And for every other voyage beyond the seas, viz. into the Netherlands, the East country, or the kingdom of France, for the great vessels 5s and for the lesser 4s. And for every voyage to Spain or further to the southward 10s.

Item 20. That every ship, hoy, or any other vessel whatsoever, which shall take or ship on board any ballast in the said Pier, and not having then unladed their goods or lading in the said Pier, shall forevery load of ballast pay for a ports-man 1d and a shire-man 2d.

Item 21. That all persons as shall bring into the said Pier or Har­bour or the bay adjoining, any wrecked goods, cast away in the sea by any wreck or casualty, or any anchors or cables found at sea, shall pay each boat towards the maintenance of the said Pier or Harbour, one half share to be disposed of by the Pier-Wardens, as is accustomed in other adjacent Piers and Harbours.

Item 22. That all corn, which is the growth of the shire or imbarned in the shire (being not malted by a ports-man) that is shipped in the said Pier or Harbour, or Bay adjoining, on board of any ship, hoy, or vessel, that harboureth or belongeth to the said Pier or Har­bour, shall pay shire duties, any pretence whatsoever to the contrary notwithstanding.

Item 23. That every merchant or other person whatsoever, that doth lade or unlade any goods or any other kind of merchandize whatsoever in the said Pier or Harbour shall pay towards the mainte­nance of the said Harbour or Pier, as is set forth in the rates here­after mentioned.



For every inhabitant of the five ports and their members, for every quarter

of wheat, meal, rye, barley, beans, peas, tares and mustard-seed                              1

For every quarter of malt & oats                                                                               ob

For every other person not dwel­ling within the liberties, for every quarter of

wheat, meal, rye, barley, beans, peas, tares and mustard-seed                                  2

For every quarter of malt & oats                                                                               1

For every alien or merchant stranger, for every quarter of wheat, meal,

rye, barley, beans, peas, tares and mustard-seed                                                       4

For every quarter of malt & oats                                                                               2

For every barrel of beer for an Englishman                                                              1

For every other barrel wet or dry                                                                               1

For every barrel of beer for an alien or merchant stranger                                        2

For every other barrel dry or wet                                                                               2

For every barrel of ale                                                                                                2

For every half barrel of ale 1d for a firkin or small cask                                            ob

For every ton of wine & sweet oil                                                                               16

For every hogshead dry or wet                                                                                   3

For every puncheon                                                                                                    4

For every pipe dry or wet                                                                                            4

For every great dry fatt                                                                                               6

For every small dry fatt                                                                                               3

For every firkin                                                                                                           ob

For every bale                                                                                                             4

For every ballet                                                                                                          2

For every pack of wool, cloth, &c. cont. 240l.                                                            8

And those of greater quantity to pay accordingly

For every barrel of train or fish oil                                                                            1

For every small frail, maund, or basket                                                                      1

For every piece of ordnance brass,viz. by the 100 weight 1d and                               ob

For all anchors the 100 weight                                                                                   ob

For every 100 weight of copper and brass unwrought 2d and wrought                     3

For every 100 weight of lead                                                                                                  ob

For every chaldron of coals for a ports-man 2d and a shire-man                             3

For every weigh of salt                                                                                                8

For every 100 of cod fish vocat sized fish 6d and the second sort                               3

For every 100 rasiers of lime                                                                                                  12

For every 100 of deal boards                                                                                     8

For every 1000 of barrel boards                                                                                4

For every 100 of clove boards                                                                                    4

For every 100 of sparrs great                                                                                     6

           and the small                                                                                                    3


For every great maund or basket                                                                               2

For every small cask                                                                                                               2

For every great cask                                                                                                   4

For every small trunk or chest                                                                                    1

For every great trunk or chest                                                                                     2

For every truss                                                                                                            4

For every fardel                                                                                                         1

For every pocket of hops                                                                                             4

For every sack of hops                                                                                                6

For every 1000 of bricks great                                                                                    2

           and the smaller                                                                                                 1

For every 1000 of plain tiles                                                                                      2

For every weigh of Essex or Suffolk cheese                                                               2

For every 100 weight of Holland cheese                                                                    1

For every 100 bushels of apples and pears                                                                6

For every card of red herrings                                                                                   ob

For every 100 cabbages                                                                                              1

For every 1000 of Essex or Kentish billet                                                                   2

For every 1000 of top, gutteror pann tiles                                                                   6

For every 1000 of paving tiles                                                                                     6

For every 100 feet of paving stones                                                                             3

For every grind stone                                                                                                  ob

For every ton of bolder flint stones                                                                             2

For every load of chalk stones, rough or hewn                                                           2

For every 1000 of Rye or Winchelsea billet                                                                2

For every 100 of Ostrey faggots

For every load of logwood and tall wood                                                                   2

For every ton of oak or elm timber                                                                             4

For all masts the piece great                                                                                       4

           and for the smaller                                                                                           2

For every ton of iron                                                                                                               8

For every bundle of nail roods                                                                                   2

For every barrel of pitch or tar                                                                                  2

For every 100 weight of hemp                                                                                   1

For every boult of canvas                                                                                            1

For every load of elm or oak boards                                                                           6

For every 1000 of cleft pale                                                                                                    3

For every load of post and rails                                                                                 2

For every load of hoops                                                                                              3

For every lade of lathes                                                                                               3

For every mill-stone great                                                                                           12

           and the small                                                                                                    4

For every tomb-stone                                                                                                  12

For every ton of kelps                                                                                                  6

For every horse                                                                                                           6

For all hawks the piece                                                                                              2

For every dozen of pheasants                                                                                     4

For every hide raw or tanned                                                                                    1

For every dozen of goat, calf, or sheep skins                                                             ob

For every wash of oysters                                                                                          3

For every 100 bushels of onions                                                                                1

For every 100 of wrought pew­ter 3d and old                                                             2


Item 24. That every merchant, either English or alien, shall pay for all other goods not before specified in the rates such like reasonable sums of money at the direction of the Pier-Wardens for the time being.

Item 25. It is hereby decreed and ordered, that for every penny which a ports-man payeth, a shire-man, viz. not inhabiting within the five ports or their members, shall pay towards the maintenance of the said Pier or Harbour 2d and every alien or merchant stranger 3d except in such particular commodities wherein it is expressly rated what shire-men and strangers are to pay.

Item 26. That no ship, crayer, hoy, or any other vessel, shall moor or fasten any rope or fasting unto the braces of the Pier or any other part thereof, but only to such provision and things as are appointed for that purpose, upon pain to forfeit 3s and 4d.

Item 27. That the Pier Wardens or their Deputies, or any of them, shall at all times, and from time to time hereafter, cause all masters and mariners which do belong to the said Pier or Harbour, or any other masters or mariners which at any time hereafter shall harbour in the said Pier, to moor or place their vessels or boats in such place or sort as occasion shall serve, and as by the Pier-Wardens shall be thought in their discretion to be most convenient: And that if any master or mariner shall disobey the Pier-Wardens or their Deputies, when any of them shall come to see, or cause any man to moor indifferently as aforesaid, then every master or mariner that doth resist, contradict, or disobey the said Pier-Wardens or their Deputies, shall forfeit for every time contrary to the true meaning of this order 10s and that it shall and may be lawful for the said Pier-Wardens or their Deputies, not only to levy the forfeiture by this decree appointed, but also to cut the ropes or fasts of him or them so offending, with­out incurring the danger of the law.

Item 28. That every inhabitant of Margate and St John’s afore­said, shall do their best endeavour to assist and aid the Pier-Wardens and their Deputies, at all times whensoever they shall require the same, as well to execute the articles before mentioned as those here­after expressed, upon pain to forfeit 10s.

Item 29. That all the said several rates, forfeitures, and sums of money before mentioned to be paid and forfeited, shall from time to time hereafter he collected, gathered, levied, and received by the Pier-Wardens or their Deputies for the time being, by the help and assistance of the inhabitants aforesaid, as need shall require; and if any persons do resist and refuse to pay the duties and forfeitures of the said Pier as aforesaid, that then it shall be lawful for the said Pier-Wardens or their Deputies, to levy the same by distress of goods and chattels belonging to the said parties that so refuse to pay the said forfeitures; and that the parties so distrained shall not only pay the rates, duties and forfeitures as aforesaid, but also 3s and 4d for the Pier-Wardens pains out of the goods over and above: And if the distress so taken be not redeemed by the owner or his assigns, by paying the money due for Pierage and forfeitures as aforesaid, within three days after the taking the same, that then the said distress shall be sold by reasonable appraisement, made by three indif­ferent parishioners of the inhabitants as aforesaid, and the overplus of the value of the distress (if any be) shall be paid to the party from whom the distress was taken; and that also from henceforth the Pier-Wardens and Inhabitants shall have for and towards the execution of the premises, if need require, the aid and help of the chancey and admiralty courts, usually holden for the five ports and their members at St James’s church in Dover, as to the said Pier-Wardens and Inhabitants shall seem most convenient.

Item 30. It is further ordered, decreed and appointed, that all the sum and sums of money before mentioned, either to be levied, paid or forfeited, shall wholly be used, employed and bestowed, to the use, benefit and maintenance of the Pier or Harbour aforesaid, as need shall require, by the direction of the Pier-Wardens for the time being.

Item 31. That all waste lands and grounds which formerly have been taken to belong to the Pier, and now doth belong to the same and the beach behind the same and thereto adjoining, may wholly be converted and employed to the best advantage of the same, by the Pier-Wardens for the time being, with the consent of the Deputy and some other of the chief inhabitants; and no man to make use of the said land or beach without the consent or good liking of the said Wardens, and reasonable content paying for the same: And that the Wardens, with consent of the Deputy and parishioners, may lease out any part of the said grounds or beach, to erect, build, or set up any buildings on it, to the best, present, or future benefit of the said Pier.

Item 32. That the new Pier-Wardens and Inhabitants aforesaid shall at the delivery up of the old Pier-Wardens accounts, give and deliver unto the old Pier-Wardens aforesaid a good and sufficient discharge of the sum or sums of money by them levied and received; and also of all the sum and sums of money which they do stand bound for to any person or persons, for, in and about the use and behoof of the Pier and Harbour aforesaid. And if it should chance (as God forbid it should) that either, by tempestuousness or rage of weather, or any other casual means whatsoever, the said Pier or any part thereof be overthrown and beaten down to the ground, then the Inhabitants and Pier-Wardens aforesaid shall within twenty days next after the beating down of the same, assemble themselves, and make  a cess, either to discharge the Pier-Wardens of all such sum and sums of money as they stand bound for, to any person or persons, for and towards the use and behoof of the said Pier and Harbour, or else shall build and make up the said hurts with as much speed as maybe.

Item 33. There shall be made fair, written, and hanged up in some convenient place near the Pier, a Table of all these Orders, Decrees and Rates, that all men may see the same; and farther, they shall be read openly in the parish church of St John’s aforesaid, immediately after morning prayer, by the appointment of the Pier-Wardens, twice every year, viz. upon St. Johns day in Christmas week and upon Tuesday in Whitsun week, upon pain to forfeit 10s.



A Copy of the Decrees printed by Simmons and Kirby, Canterbury, MDCCLXXXIV.


[Abbreviations: ‘ob’ an abbreviation used for halfpennies, and derived from the name of a small Roman coin, an 'obulus'.]

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Appendix IX.  Ships Burthen

A burthen was the unit used in England from approximately 1650 to 1849 to describe the cargo capacity of a ship and for calculating port dues. [P.Kemp, (Ed.), The Oxford Companion to ships and the sea, Oxford University Press, 1976] Burthern (tons or tuns) was originally a measure of the number of tons of wine that could be carried by a ship, but came to be calculated using the formula:

Burthern = [length x maximum beam x depth of hold (in feet)]/100

The maximum beam of a ship is the width at the widest point as measured at the ship’s normal waterline.

In 1694 the formula was modified so that the product of the dimensions was divided by 94 rather than 100. In 1773 the formula was again modified to:

Burthern = [(length – 3/5 beam) x beam x ½ beam (in feet)]/94

where the length was that from the stem to the stern post.

The system changed in 1849 with the advent of steam propulsion because the ratio of length to beam was greater in a steamship than in a sailing ship, and a significant part of the internal space of a steamship was used for the boilers and engine. After 1849 the cargo-carrying capacity of a ship was calculated in terms of cubic feet, and the capacity in cubic feet was then divided by 100 to give a gross tonnage expressed in tons. For a small sailing ship the tons burthen is about twice the gross tonnage.

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Appendix X. Margate Ships 1584

[Margate Public Library, Manuscript 060.198.L 3392; Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, Elizabeth I, 1581-1590; National Archives SP 12/175]

St Johns, Thanett. A true rehersall and survey of all the Barques and vessels  belonging  to the peere or harbour at Margate in the parishe above said with their severall burthens, and also the names of all such Masters, Pilotts, and seamen belonging to the said parishe.

Transcribed from Calendar of State Papers, Domestic 2.3.39 by Capt. R. A. Coats (several similar lists were submitted to the Government from other ports at this period. It seems probable that these returns were required for the abortive expedition sent to Flanders to oppose the Spanish forces under Parma, subsequent to the assassination of William of Orange, 10 July 1584


The names of the vessels

Their fashion

Their burthen

Capable of ordnance

The making of them

The Fortune

a barke


6 small pieces

Stephen Bishopp

The Unicorne

a hoye


Jeffry Nicholas

The William & John

a hoye


Roger Wrighte

The Marye Anne

a hoye


Edward Yeomans

The Susan

a hoye


William Dadds

The Elizabeth

a hoye


Silvestrer Hanle

The Mary

a hoye


Peter Davyes

The Speedwell

a hoye


John Barrous, sen

The Little Fortune

a fisher


John Collett

The William

a fisher


James Wilde

The Anne

a fisher


Michael Smith

The Assertion

a fisher


Roger Traver

The Thomas

a crayer


Michael Nicholes

The Marya

a  fisher


Edward Beane


Thos Cowell, Ralphe Mattris, Roger Valliante, Jeffery Nicholas, Edward Yeomans, Edward Beane, Simon Mitchell, Thomas Barrowe.

Common Saylors and fishermen:

Simon Grannta, Edward Brooke, Edward Culloner, Michael Yokely, John Corkam, John Barrow, jun, Edward King, John Norwood, John Woodcocke, John Underdowne, Michael Fleete, Francis Collett, Simon Hardinge, Nicholas Andersonne, John Spracklinge, High Nashe, Mathias Tenkinsonne, Andrew Sweetinge, Richard Samson, John Johnsonne, John Pounde, Thomas Forde, William Coppin, John Walbye, Robert Kennett, William Pepper, Samuel Rigden, John Winton, John Fairman, Thomas Harris, Thomas Baytie, --- Duke.

Part Owners:

Stephen Bishopp, Roger Wrights, Edward Yeomans, William Dads, Selvester Haule, John Collett, Francis Collett, Roger Trover, Michael Nicholes, John Norwood, Mathias Jenkinson, Edward Kinge.

Sole Owners:

Thomas Barrowe, William Musserath.

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Appendix XI. Pier accounts for year 1 May 1733 inclusive to 1 May 1734 exclusive.

[Kent Archives, R/U45 Temp. No. 14, Margate Pier Wardens Accounts.]

Pier wardens Capt. Robert Brooks and Capt. David Turner


Of Cash to balance the last years accounts — £224 15s 10d

Of the Pier Wardens for one years interest on the sum of £124 15s 10d after the rate of 4d for a 100d for a year which exceeds the sum of £100 allowed them for a stock of running cash for the use and preservation of the said Pier pursuant to their Bond given for that purpose.

—  £4 19s 9½ d.


Received for Corn:

Of Mr Stephen Baker for 3105 quarters of Heavy Grain and 891 quarters of Malt — £22 4s 6d

Of Mr John Simson for 3261 quarters of Heavy Grain and 949 quarters of Malt — £22 8s 6d

Of John Stoacks for 2095 quarters of Heavy Grain and 367 quarters of Malt — £16 4s 0d

Of Mr Stephen Swinford for 2536 quarters of Heavy Grain and 561 quarters of Malt  — £20 15s 0d

Of Mr Richard Laming for 3003 quarters of Heavy Grain and 899 quarters of Malt — £24 8s 6d

Of Mr Daniel Pamflett for 4490 quarters of Heavy Grain and 679 quarters of Malt — £39 3s 6d

Of Mr George Hall for 2007 quarters of Malt — £5 

Of Mr Petken  for 550 quarters of Heavy Grain — £3 4s                                                     

Of Mr Stanner for 1020 quarters of Malt — £2 11s                                      

Of Mr Brooks for 400 quarters of Malt — £1                       

Of Mr Taddy  for 240 quarters of Malt — 12s

Total £157 11s


Receipts of Tenants

Of the Collector of Sandwich for a years rent due at Lady Day 1734 — £8

Of Mr Stoacks for a years rent — £3 10s

Of Mr Swinford for a years rent — £3 10s

Of Edward Robson for a years rent — 4s

Of Matthew Grant for a years rent — 15s

Of Matthew Grant for a years rent 10s and 5s — 15s

Of Mr Small for a years rent — £1 4s

Of Mr Small for Ground rent of a cove — 1s

                        Total £17 19s


Receipts of Colliers

Of Mr Harper for 2 voyages amounting to 122 Chaldron — £1 10s 6d

Of Mr Edward Robson for 6 voyages amounting to 180 Chaldron — £1 10s 0d

Of Richard Baring for 3 voyage amounting to 156 Chaldron — £1 18s 6d

Of Robert Silvertop for 2 voyage amounting to 160 Chaldron — £2

Of Mr Culmer for 1 voyage amounting to 70 Chaldron — 11s

Of a Northcountry man for 1 voyage amounting to 85 Chaldron — £1 1s 3d

Of Mr Sprackling for 2 voyage amounting to 162 Chaldron — £1 7s

Of George Brown for 1 voyages amounting to 100 Chaldron — £1 7s

Of John Grainger for 1 voyage amounting to 52 Chaldron — 13s

                        Total   £11 18s 11d


Receipts of Northseamen

Of John Dubbell for 1800 fish — 7s 6d

Of Wm. Cork for 10,000 fish — £1 13s

                        Total £2 0s 6d


Received for Mackerel season

Of Thomas Watton for a quarter of a share — 2s 6d

Of Thomas Laming for a quarter of a share — 2s 6d

Of Robert Fasham for a quarter of a share — 2s 6d

Of John Foreman for a quarter of a share — 2s 6d

Of John Sandwell for a quarter of a share — 2s

Of John Harison for a quarter of a share — 1s 4½ d

Of John Culmer for a quarter of a share — 1s 9d

Of John Roundall for a quarter of a share — 2s 6d

                        Total 17s 7½ d


Receipts for Mackerel season of Strangers

[12 names in all] — 13s


Receipts for Herring season

Of Wm. Pond — 10s

Of Tho. Walton — 5s

                        Total 15s


Receipts for Herring season of Strangers

[4 names in all] — 4s


Receipts for whiting season

Of Robert Fasham — 16s

Of John Culmer — 10s

Of John Foreman — 8s

Of John Randall — 16s

Of John Harison — 2s 6d

                        Total  £2 12s 6d


Receipts for Red-Herrings

Of Capt. Brooks for 1544 barrels — £6 8s 7d

Of Mr Staner for 94 barrels — £7s 10d

Of Mr Bogen for 5 barrels — 3d

Of Mr Chilton for 107 barrels — 8s 11d

Of Abraham Mumery for 106 barrels — 8s 10d

Of Wm. Joad for 23 barrels — 1s 11d

Of Gabriel Huffam for 34 barrels — 2s 10d

Of Thomas Sprackling for 90 barrels — 7s 6d

Of Rob. Gore for 37 barrels — 3s 1d

Of Wm. Cobb for 135 barrels — 11s 3d

Of Mr Smith for 57 barrels — 4s 9d

Of Mr Simson for 30 barrels — 3s 2d

Of Mr Walton for 36 barrels — 3s

Of Mr Huffam for 22 barrels — 1s 10d

Of Mr Salter for 120 barrels — 10s

Of Mr Holbourn for 10 barrels — 10d

Of Mr Wm. Small for 12 barrels — 1s

Of Mr Mich. Trapps for 13 barrels — 1s 1d

                        Total £10 6s 10d


Receipts for half shares of Anchors

Of Mr Yeomans for 1 Anchor — 1s

Of Edward Jarvis for 2 Anchor — 2s 6d

Of Henry Pound for 2 Anchor — 1s

Of Henry Pound for 2 Anchor — 2s 6d

Of Wm. Ladd for 2 Anchors — 4s 6d

Of Tho. Walton for 2 Anchors — 5s 6d

Of Tho. Sackett for 1 Anchor — 1s 6d

Of John Harison for 1 Anchor — 1s 6d

For John Watton for 1 anchor — 3s

                        Total £1 3s


Receipt for Timber

Of Francis Wiat Esq for 339 feet by order of a vestry holden for that purpose — £16 19s

Of ditto for a piece — 2s

                        Total  £17 1s


Receipts for Ramsgate Goods

Of Mr Martin Basden for 5 tons of Hemp — 5s

Of various others — 16s 1d

                        Total £1 1s 1d


Receipts for small Duties

[Large number of small items – a few examples listed below]

Of Mr Pamflett for 8 tons of kelp — 4s

Of Mr Baker for 18 tons of kelp — 9s

Of Mr Simson for 8 tons of kelp — 4s

Of Captain Browne for 100 loads of sugar at 3d each — £1 5s

Of John Randall for getting the Sugar out of the ship upon the Girdle Sand —  2s 6d

Of William Ladd and others for getting the Sugar Ship off the said sand — 6s

Of William Ladd and others for ½ a share of their saving sugar out of the said ship — 19s

Of strangers for their small boats for the whole year — £1 10s 10d

Of Wm Joad for laying his ship up in the Pier — 5s

Of Mr Stanner for 28 tons of salt — 18s 8d

Of Mr Carter for fish — 8d

Of Mr Wm. Stone for hemp — 2s

Of Robert Fasham for 9 tons of salt — 6s 4d

Of Mr Sprackling for timber and deals from Norway — 14s 6d

Of Mr Boreman for timber and deals from Norway — £1 3s

Of Mr Barber for timber and deals from Norway — £1 2s 9d

Of Capt Brooks for 159 Pipes of Wine — £5 6s

Of Mr Bax for 60 firkins of butter — 2s 6d

Of Matt. Grant for 60 firkins of butter— 2s 6d

                                    Total £476 11s


Receipts for Town Ships

Of Capt Brooks for 4 voyages — £1

For Mr Bowman for 2 voyages — 10s

                                    Total £1 10s

                                    The whole Receipts £478 1s


Disbursements for year

[Large number of small items - a few examples listed below]

Paid at the choice of Pier Wardens at Mayday 1733 — £5 3s

Paid Widow Foreman for allowances for the Carpenters — 14s 6d

Paid 2 labourers for work upon the crane — 11s

Paid William Stone for a new crane rope — 18s 6d

Paid for painting the lamp — 1s

Paid for carriage of 6 loads of chalk — 3s

Paid William Birch for looking after the Lamp — £4

Paid Robert Brasier for 4 loads of flints — 6s

Paid for 12 shovels — 10s

Paid Will. Row for paint and work upon the new crane — 8s 5d

Paid James Grigg for a journey to Sir Basill Dipwell’s — 10s 6d

Paid for the journey of the Pier Wardens and one of the Deputy Pier Wardens to Sir Basill  Dipwell’s for passing the accounts — £1 11s 6d

Paid James Grigg for several reckonings with the Hoymen — £3 2s 6d

Paid Pier Wardens according to Custom — 10s

Paid Henry Thornton for 70 loads of flints — £5 7s

Paid for 5 dozen and a half of candles — £1 11s 3d

Paid collecting the Pier Droits   £12 12s 3d


            £98 8s 10d



Receipts for year — £478 1s 0d

Dibursements — £98 8s 10d

Balance to Margate Pier is £379 12s 2d


[the balance was paid ½ to Robert Wells and ½ to John Stanner, the next year’s Pier Wardens]

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Appendix XII. An Inventory and Valuation of Farming Stock and Produce &c in 1548

From: Edward White, Miscellaneous extracts relating to the Isle of Thanet, Margate Public Library, manuscript.

This interesting and curious document, An Inventory and valuation of the household effects, apparel, agricultural implements, stock and farm produce of a husbandman in the isle of Thanet, who died in 1648, was found among some papers in the office of Messrs  Jenkins and Smith, auctioneers, Margate in 1870. It is contained in a parchment roll of two membranes.

There are a few words of obscure or doubtful meaning. Pisars in the title signifies pricers or valuers. Schauntlys is probably a vessel for the reception of slops, from shandliche or schauntliche – meaning, base or vile. Querm, properly quern, is a handmill; it may possibly here  mean a churn. Those skilled in the mystery of brewing will probably understand the uses of the yielding ton, yowting ton and hellars (coolers ?). The bouting hoche (boulting hutch) was for the reception of flour. Tolffyt, or, as it is sometimes written, tolvet, is presumably a local name for a measure of less content than a bz or bushel, perhaps a peck. Bywars are apparently pigs of a certain age or description. The last two items of the Inventory are illegible, the ink having faded.


The immitory of the movable goods of Niclas Sayer, late departed, in the pishe of Saynt John in the yle of Thenet, mae the V day of march in the yere of or lord god Mcccccxlviii & in the Second yere of the Rayne of Kyng Edward the syxt the prsars Mr Edward Pettyt, gentleman, William Alyn, Stephyn Sayer, Richard Spracklyn, with other mo.


Itm ffyrst in his poorse  — vijs

Itm iij caps — ijs  viijd

Itm one doablet of wostyd — iijs   iiijd

Itm one doublet of canvys & iij payer of hose — iiijs  

Itm ij pettycotts and one Jerkyn of vyllet — iijs   iiijd

Itm one ffore Jackkyt and one owld Jakkyt of vyllet —  xs  

Itm ij sleved cotts of vyllet & fryse — xjs  

Itm one gaberden of blake & one ffryse — viijs    iiijd

Itm iiij nets — viijs  

Itm one bolster & v pellos — viijs  

Itm one malltrys, & one blankyt, one payer of shetts, one coverlyt, one bolster —   vijs  

Itm one coverlyt — iijs  

Itm x payer of sheets — xxiiijs   iiijd

Itm ij Table cloes and ij Rollars — iijs   iiijd

Itm iij dyapar napkyns ij Rollars — iijs   iiijd

Itm ij pellocotts  — xvjd

Itm iiij shetts — iijs  

Itm one grett chyst & one cover — vs  

Itm ix plattars & x pettar dyshs — xs  

Itm v porryngars & vj sasars   — iijs  

Itm quarte pott & one pynt pot & ij sawte sellars — xvjd

Itm ix candelstyks — ijs  

Itm one bason on straynar & ond schaundys  — ijs  

Itm iij bras potts & ij steppyns — ixs  

Itm iij pans — xvjd

Itm v kettles — iiijs  

Itm iij pans — vs  

Itm one cobbard — ijs  

Itm one cuntar; table & one forme — iijs   iiijd

Itm ij schayers — xijd

Itm ij payntyd clooes in the hal — xxd

Itm iij Trevytts — xvjd

Itm ij spetts & a dryeppyngpan — xvd

Itm one querm — xvjd

Itm one yldyngton & iij kellars — ijs   viijd

Itm v eale standes & one meshyng tun — ijs   iijd

Itm one yowling ton — ijs   viijd

Itm vij owlde toobbes — xvjd

Itm one bz & one Tolffyt — xijd

Itm knedvyng toffe & a boutyng hoche — xijd

Itm one spenyng weel — viijd

Itm ij payer of pott hangers iij payer of pott hooks & one Racke —             ijs  

Itm one bookytt & a Roppe — xvjd

Itm iiij small bakens — vjs  viijd

Itm iiij hors — iijli  vjs   viijd

Itm ij kyn ij haffars — xli viijs  viijd

Itm one wenyng cawffe — ijs   iiijd

Itm ij hogs & ix bywars — xiiijs   iiijd

Itm one plouffe wt her apparel — vjs  viijd

Itm one cart — vs  

Itm ij harowes & a Rowel — xxd

Itm one sadle & a brydle & a panyll   — ijs  

Itm one bowe and a sheff of aros — iijs  

Itm one bx of sawlt — viijd

Itm one cart wt her apparel — xxijs  

Itm vj sakys — ijs  

Itm ij lods of wood & a half — ijs   viijd

Itm v qr of whet — xxxs  

Itm xx qr of barly — iiijli 

Itm vj ewes — xxs  

Itm vij jowng shepp — vjs   iiijd

Itm xiiij Quart of whett — iiijli vjs  viijd

Itm iii

Itm iii

Sperat detts (separate debts) — xijs  

Des’perat detts  — xiijs    iiijd

The hole sum   — xxxvli xjs  

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Appendix XIII. Inventory of Edward Jarvis, 1737

[National Archives, Court of Chancery C11/2736/35, Beale vs Jarvis 23 April 1737 and C11/518/2  Beale vs Turner]

Edward Jarvis died about July 9 1732. Value of Estate £202 5s 6d after various legacies paid.


Wearing apparel of all sorts — £15

Ready money in the house — £239 5s 6d

Item. Seruzitys for money that is to say. In Southsea hundred sixty four pounds at four pounds per centum, an India Bond Annuity’s five of one hundred pounds at four pounds per centum, Mr Thomas Barbor’s Bond of fifty pounds at four pounds per centum. Mr John Malravon’s Mortgage of Thirty pounds twelve shillings at four pounds per centum, Mr Samuel Attersoles mortgage of twenty five pounds at four pounds per centum, Mr Francis Dixon’s mortgage of twenty pounds at five pounds per centum, Mr John Stampers Bond of fifteen pounds at five pounds per centum a bad debt, John Piziro’s note of six pounds and six shillings a dubious debt, Thomas Tom’s note of two pounds seven shillings and eight pence a bad debt. In all — £813 5s 8d

Item. Thirty two ounces of Old Silver One Old silver watch and two old Gold rings. — £10 11s

In the Hall

Item. One Clock and case, one looking glass, one old oval table, one old couch and furniture, eight chairs, one old square table, one Rack with the case, nine pullies wheel and weights, one pair of old window curtains, one other old curtain and iron rod, one large square table, a parcel of books, four brass candlesticks, one brass flower box and tinder box. — £6 5s

In the Parlour

Item. One couch and furniture, eight chairs and cushions, one window cushion, one corner cupboard, a parcel of  pictures, fire irons, fender, fire pan and poker —  £2 11s 6d

Item. Shop goods medicines, salves, instruments, implements, white lead rod and other things in the shop — £21 15s 3d

In the Hall Chamber

Item. One feather bed, two bolsters, one pillow, one pillow coat,  one quilt, one blanket, one pair of calico sheets and bedstead with the curtains and vallours, one easy chair, one bureau, one case of draws, one old broken swing glass, six cane chairs and one chamber table.

— £4 1s 0d

In the Parlour Chamber

Item. One feather bed, one flock bolster, one bedstead curtains and Vallours, two cases with drawers, one large chest, one chair and one picture. — £1 10s 0d

In the Kitchen Chamber

Item. One feather bed, one flock bolster, two blankets, one quilt, two pillows, one pillow coat, one bedstead curtains and valour, and some old lumber. — £1 5s 0d

In the Shop Chamber

Item. One feather bed and furniture, one case with drawers, two tables, twelve pewter plates, four pewter dishes, six silver tea spoons, two large silver spoons, six cane chairs, one tea table and set of china ware, six diaper napkins and one table cloth, six hurkabark [a kind of towelling] napkins and one table cloth, two pair of sheets, the two last suits of his former wife’s wearing apparel, one green silk quilted petticoat, one silk bed quilt, one looking glass, one pair of fire irons with the fender, tongs, fire pan and poker, one corner cupboard, and one silver spout cup all given to  his wife. — £25 15s 6d

In the Garrett

Item. One pallet bed and furniture, one hundred weight of rosin, thirty one red herring barrels and some old lumber. — £2 17s 0d

In the Kitchen

Item. Two coppers, one small limberk, two brass pots, one cover, one brass kettle, three sauce pans, one little pot, one cover, two frying pans. — £2 12s 0d

In the Loft over the Kitchen

Item. A parcel of baskets, frirkles and brooms and some other lumber. — 7s

Item. One damask table cloth and twelve napkins, six diaper napkins, three pair of old sheets, twenty four old Hurkabark napkins, three old small table cloths, eighteen pieces of old linen, seven old pillow coats and one old curtain. — £2 8s

Item. Some pewter dishes, plates, shop measures, porringers, two cheese plates, one bed pan and one rim. — £1 17s

In the Cellars

Item. A small parcel of foreign salt duty free the fishery, four tons of Kentish salt and cask of linseed oil, some varnish, one cool bath, one bushel, two iron half hundreds, three old caks, three dozen of old glass bottles, six stone bottles and four stillings. — £26 12s 6d

In the Coal House

Item. Two chaldrons of coals — £2

In the Vault

Item. Four iron hooped casks and stillings — 10s

In the Stable

Item. One mare, one saddle, two bridles, one rug and girth, one currycomb, one brush, one old chest, two forks, one shovel, some other things and a parcel of saintfoin — £4 10s

In the Herring Houses

Item. Two ladders, two pickle herring barrels, two brewing tubs, two washing coolers, one hundred and sixty one red herring barrels and some other lumber. — £8 18s

Without Doors

Item. Ten cord of old wood at thirteen shillings per cord — £6 10s

Item. A sixteenth part of the Friends Adventure if in being — £16

Item. Book debts some bad — £57 10s 6d

Item. Things unseen and forgot at the time of making the appraisment — 10s 6d


                                   Total £1273 7s

Paid the deceased’s funeral charges as followeth:

To Elizabeth Adrions as per bill — 9s

To Matthias Mummery as per bill — 14s 10s

To William Norwood as per bill — £2 2s

To John Brooman as per bill — £27 8s 6d

To George Phillpott as per bill — £1 13s

To Samuel Marks as per bill — £1 6s 6d

To Henry Petkin as per bill — 2s 8d

To laying the deceased forth and to several persons watching the corpse and attending the funeral — 11s

To Mr How for preaching the funeral sermon — £1 1s

To a messenger to invite Mr How to the funeral — 1s

To Mr Daniel Butler attorney at law, his bill for business done on account of the executorship — £10 17s

[additional charges relating to executorship] — £22 15s

Paid Mr Edward Rushworth his bill for the probate of the testators will, copy of the inventory and other charges attending the same in the said bill mentioned —  £8 18s

Expenses paid by the defendants in their journey to and from London and stay there upon that account — £7 16s 6d

Charges of a letter of attorney and at the Southsea House — 10s

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Appendix XIV. Parish School: Margate St John the Baptist

From: Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540-1835,





Valensis or Duvale, James


Jenkinson, Robert

Vicar, St John’s; Died 1601


Elfreth, John

1609, Schoolmaster at Dover St    James


Norwood, William


Jackson, Nathaniel

1614, Curate Tunstall


Read, Richard

1607, Curate St Nicholas at Wade


Edgewoorth, Edward

1603, Curate Bredhurst; 1607, Curate St John’s


May, Thomas


Tunstall, Henry


Stone, William


Osborne, Nicholas


Michael, Simon


Cobbes, Edmund

1630, Curate St John’s; 1633, Schoolmaster Ash parish church


Scaden, Richard


Harding, Thomas


Prince, John

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Appendix XV. Margate Seventeenth century Trade tokens

From: William Boyne, Trade tokens issued in the seventeenth century, London, 1889.

O: Obverse, usually the side with the larger image.

R: Reverse.



Value (d)











OF MARGET. IN. THANNET = The Fishmonger’s Arms



CHRESTON. HOVDGBEN = A trade or merchant’s mark






IOSEPH. IEWELL. 1669 = A cheese-knife






RICHARD. LANGLEY = The Tallow chandlers’ Arms






          A variety reads In. TENIT.



IOSEPH. MACKRITH. OF = A sugar-loaf.












WILLIAM. SAVAGE = The Grocers’ Arms






IOHN. SKINNER. 1670 = A boat with sail





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Appendix XVI. Inventories of two Margate Merchant Taylors.

From: Mick Twyman and Alf Beeching, The Old  Tudor House at Margate, Margate Historical Society, 2006.

(A) Inventory of John Savage, Merchant Taylor, died 1645

[Kent Archives PRC/3/36a/186]

An Inventory of all the goods, cattell, chattell and debts of JOHN SAVAGE, late Whilst he lived of ye Pishe of St. Johns ye Baptist In the Isle of Thanett, County of Kent, MERCHANT TAYLOR: Made and indeferrently appraised this second daye of Aprille 1645 by whose names are hereunder written.


Imprimus - A purse and gurdle and in money 01 - 15 - 00

Wearing app’ linen and woolleyn 03 - 00 - 00

In his books of good debts 05 - 05 - 06

More in desperate debts the sume of 15 - 07 - 04

Due by bond from Michaell and Barnaby Yockley 06 - 09 - 06

More due by bond from Roger Salmon a desperate debt 02 - 03 - 00

On bedding, bowlsters, Wanketts etc 03 - 05 - 00

An old table and forme and 2 lyoned stools 00 - 05 - 00

3 chests and 3 caskes 00 - 18 - 00

2 small old cubbards  00 - 02 - 06

An old wicker chayer 00 - 00 - 09

7 small coarde table cloths and 3 payre pillow coates


2 small old tables and forme and 6 old chayers 00 - 07 - 06

An old presse and chest 00 - 10 - 00

15 pewter dishes Small and great 2 pewter cups pewter salts 2 pewter drinking pots and one chamber pot 00 -19 - 00

One brasse kettle 2 brasse pots 1 brasse Skillett 1 brasse chafing dish 2 brasse candelsticks

and warming pan  00 - 10 - 06

2 iron pots 2 iron kettles 1 fryinge pan 1 spitt 2 gridirons 1 paire of tongs 1 fryer pan 1 tier fork 1 paire of fyer irons 4 paire of irons 00 - 09 - 00

Certain pots (earthen) casks and platters 00 - 01 - 06

A kneading trofe wooden dishes and a ran 00 - 08 - 06

2 small glasse vases and shalfes 2 pailes or tubs 00 - 05 - 04

A Bible and certain books 00 - 05 - 04

A Muskett and furniture   00 - 09 - 00


Halfe a head and bedstedde an old feather bed and Bowlster 2 blanketts a coverlid, matt and cord 00 - 10 - 06


4 small board vessels and some burning wood  00 - 05 - 06


6 peeces and remnants of broad cloths contayning

64 yards at 8d ye yard is 25 - 12 - 00

2 remnants of broad cloth cont’-16 yards at 5s 2d a yard 04 - 02 - 08

A remnant of coarse cloth cont’-19 yards at 5s a yard 04 - 15 - 00

5 peeces and remnants of Kentish Cardsys-159 yards at 3s 8d a yard 09 - 16 - 04

12 peeces and remnants of Coarse Kentish Cardsys 159 yards at 3s 4d a yard 26 -10 - 00

More remnants of Coarse Kentish-90 yards at 3s a yard 13 -10 - 00

3 remnants of Elmsteed Cardsy contayning 41 yards at 3s 6d a yard 07 - 03 - 06

4 remnants of Yorkshire Cardsy-40 yards at 3s 4d a yard 06 - 13 - 04

        The sume of this is    143 - 09 - 01

6 peeces and remnants of Kentish Russett-63 yards at 2s a yard 06 - 06 - 00

29 short remnants of Cardsy-97 yards at 3s a yard 04 - 01 - 00

20 peeces of Keble Cardsy-200 yards at2s 8d a yard 26 - 13 - 04

9 peeces and remnants of red Devonshire Cardsy-98 yards at 3s 2d 15 - 10 - 04

17 peeces and remnants of Bayes-129 yards at 1 s 8d a yard 10 - 06 - 08

4 remnants of Coarse broad cloth -19 yards at 5s a yard 04 - 15 - 00

3 remnants of Coarse broad cloth-21 yards at 3s a yard 03 - 03 - 00

2 remnants of Coarse Northern cloth-20 yards at 2s 4d  a yard 02 - 06 - 04

18 peeces and remnants of Manchester Cotton-156 yards at 1s a yard 14 – 06 - 00

8 peeces and remnants of ordinary Cotton-189 yards at 1s a yard 08 - 08 - 07

7remnants of Northern Cotton-46 yards at 6s a yard 08 - 03 - 00

10 remnants of Shage Cotton-66 yards at 20d a yard 05 - 10 - 00

Certain small remnants of woollen cloth worth 02 - 10 - 00

Kentish Cardsy contayning 24 yards at 3s 2d a yard 03 - 16 - 00

1 peece of Manchester Cotton-14 yards at 22d a yard  01 - 05 - 08

2 remnants of Covilly-18 yards at 1s 4d a yard  01 - 04 - 00

16 peeces and remnants of Buckarum 436 Ells 21 - 16 - 00

9 peeces and remnants of Buckarum 192 Ells 07 - 18 - 04

Another remnant of Coarse Backarum 12 Ells 00 - 09 - 00

10 remnants of French Canvis 172 Ells 09 - 06 - 04

50 Ells of Coarse Canvis 02 - 01 - 08

30 Ells of Whitted Hambra 01 - 00 - 00

6 remnants of ticking-46 yards 03 - 09 - 00

10 Ells of Coarse Holland 00 - 16 - 08

4 Ells of Coarse Holland 00 -18 - 00

14 yards of Scot cloth 00 -11 - 08

28 yards of Belgian cloth 01 - 08 - 00

15 yards of tufted Holland cloth 01 - 00 - 00

40 yards of White domestic cloth 01 - 00- 00

39 yards of Collard Demity 01 - 02 - 09

Certain other remnants of Phillipe-20 yards 01 - 10 - 00

42 yards of Phillipe and Chaney 03 - 00 - 00

30 yards of Cranshed Norwich 01 - 00- 00

36 yards of Coarse Saye 03 - 12 - 00

3 peeces of Linsey Woolsy-27 yards  02 - 03 - 02

48 yards of linen 02 - 00 - 00

40 yards of Narrow East Country 00 - 13 - 04

2 dozen of Coddys  02 - 16 - 00

2 dozen more at 24s a dozen 02 - 08 - 00

2 dozen childrens Coddys 01 - 04 - 00

7 dozen of wollen stockens 06 - 06 - 00

12 dozen of Coarse female stockens 07 - 04 - 00

3 dozen of childrens stockens     08 - 00 - 00

6 dozen of Cotton stockens 03 - 00 - 00

6 dozen of Canvis breaches at 18s a dozen 05 - 08 - 00

4 dozen of Demity breaches at 30s a dozen 06 - 00 - 00

         The sume of this side is 235 - 05 -10

1 dozen and a halfe of Demity Waistcoats at 24s a dozen     01 - 16 - 00

2 dozen of Cotton Waistcoats at 24s a dozen 02 - 08 - 00

3 Demity Sutes and 3 Coarse fines Sutes at 8s 6d a Sute 02 - 11 - 00

6 Whit twilly coats at 4s apiece 01 - 04 - 00

2 dosen Coarse shirts at 24s a dosen 02 - 08 - 00

2 Short coats at 6s apiece 00 - 12 - 00

3 of dish cloths at 4s ye dosen 00 - 12 - 00

A dosen of Straits Gurdles for Seamen 00 - 09 - 00

3 Greate Grosse of Small silke buttons at 20d a grosse 03 - 00 - 00

3 Greate Grosse of Greate silke buttons at 20d a grosse 00 - 18 - 00

3 of soweing and sticking silke at 20d >03 - 00 - 00

3 Greate Grosse of thread buttons at 7s a grosse 01 - 01 - 00

30 dosen of Small lace at 10d ye dosen   01 - 05 - 00

28 dosen of ogging lace at 20d ye dosen 02 - 06 - 08

46 dosen of Small lace at 6d ye dosen 01 - 03 - 00

34 dosen of Silke Ribbon at 3s ye dosen  05 - 02 - 00

More 12 dosen at 2s ye dosen 01 - 04 - 00

2 dosen of Wasted garters at 3d ye dosen 00 - 06 - 00

22 dosen of Cotton ribbon at 8d ye dosen 00 - 14 - 00

5 pieces of Manchester binding  00 - 08 - 00

25 pieces of lior at 6d ye peece 00 - 12 - 06

4 read caps 00 - 02 - 00

9 dosen of thread 01 - 04 - 00

3 grosse of prints and lasses of thread and lether 00 - 06 - 00

3 grosse of hookes and eyes at 1s    00 - 03 - 00

9 dosen of busques 00 - 01 - 06

2000 of pynes 00 - 01 - 04

A dosen of lind Murmouth Caps 01 - 10 - 00

More a dosen and a halfe unlind 01 - 08 - 00

A dosen of coullard hats 02 - 00 - 00

A dosen of childrens hats 01 - 12 - 00

A dosen of Coards Clacke hats    02 - 00 - 00

3 dosen of Gurdles for men and children 01 - 11 - 00

20 lb of pouder at 10d ye pound   00 - 16 - 08

A dosen of Coarse bands 00 - 13 - 06

A paire of plaine glases 00 - 09 - 06

The Counters shelves and bockes 00 - 12 - 00

For lumber and other things unseen and forgotten 00 - 12 - 00

         The sume of this side is   48 - 03 - 06

         The total of the Inventory is £425 - 00 - 05d

(B) Inventory of William Savage, Merchant Taylor died in 1662.

[Kent Archives PRC/17/71/354b]


3 Tunnes, 2 hundred and a quarter of iron at £16 per tunn.                   49 -16 - 00


All the wares there viz-Woollen, linen, cloth, silk, buttons,

stuffes, serges, Bayes, stockings amounting in the whole

according to the particular appraisement thereof to the sum

of Six Hundred and Sixty Pounds 4 Shillings and 8 pence

three farthings. 666 - 04 - 8¾

The Counters and certain shelves. 003 - 05 - 00

A hatte press and a proll of hattes.  003 - 00 - 07

In Book debts etc 280 -11 - 00

Total of this Inventory is £1,100 -14 - 09¾

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Appendix XVII. Charitable Benefactions to the Parish of St. John.

From: John Lewis, The history and antiquities ecclesiastical and civil, of the Ile of Tenet, in Kent, London, 1st edition, 1723 and 2nd edition 1736

Charitable Benefactions to the Parish of St John.

1. In the Year 1513, Ethelrede  Barrowe, by her last Will,, ordered her Executor William Curlyng, to maintain a yearly Give-all while the World endureth. viz,  every Year a Quarter of Malt, and six bushels of Wheat, and Victual according thereto. To maintain this, a Purchase was made of 15 Acres, half an Acre, and half a Yard of Land, with all Appurtenan­ces, lying at a Place called North-down, in this Parish, which is invested in Trustees, and called by the Name of St. James’s Land. This is one instance of the Donations made to Churches for the more solemn Celebration of the Wake or Feast of the Church’s Dedication. The North Chancel of the Parish Church is dedicated to St. James; and as it was then usual, in populous Towns, to celebrate the Anniversaries of their Churches Dedication with an accustomed Fair, so even in the most private Parishes were these yearly Solemnities observed with Feasting, and a great Concourse of People: Some poor Remains of which are still continued in many of the Parishes in this Island, under the Name of Fairs, which Sir Henry Spelman supposed were first occasioned by the Resort of People to such a particular Place for solemnizing some Festival, and especially the Feast of the Church’s Dedication, or the Wake, and that therefore the Word Fair is derived from the Latin Feriat, or Holy-day. Thus in the next Parish of St. Peter are still kept two Fairs, one on St. Peter’s Day, the Saint to which the Church is dedicated, the other on our Lady’s Day, to whom the North Chancel is dedicated, by the Name of Our Lady of Pity.  So in this Parish there used to be kept, what the Inhabitants called a Fair, on St John Baptist’s Day, the Saint to which the Church was dedicated; but I suppose, there being no such Fair on St. James’s Day, or no Provision made for the Celebration of it, this devout Woman ordered her Exe­cutor to provide for an annual Feast for ever on that Day; which is still observed at a Place in this Parish called North-downe, and by the Country People called North-downe Fair; only instead of a Give-all or a common Feast for all Goers and Comers, the Corn and Meats are by the Feoffees  distributed to poor House-keepers. The same Ethelrede Barrow ordered, that what Money was left of hers, after her Legacies paid, should be bestowed on repairing the Chancel of St. James in the Church of St. John.

2. Thomas Taddy by his last Will dated March 12,1566 gave £30 to purchase so much Land as could be bought for that Money; which Land was to be lett out for Rent to the most Value, and the same Rent yearly for evermore to be distributed, dealt and given unto the most poor and needy of the Parish. Accordingly with this Money were purchased thirteen Acres of Land, lying at a Place in this Parish called Crow-hill, which is invested in Trustees.

3. John Allen, of Drapers in this Parish, by his Will, dated May 5 1594, gave for ever to be distributed tothe poorest People of this Parish on Shrive-Tuesday, 200 of [Winchelsea]Bil­lets, and two Bushels of Wheat to be baked into Bread, at the Place abovesaid.

4. ----- Johnson gave out of his Farm at Garlinge, in this Parish, (since given to Bethlehem Hospital, London) the Sum of 6s 8d to be paid yearly to the Church Wardens ofthe Parish, of which 6s to be distributed by them in the Time of Lent, to the poorest of the Parish, and the 8dto be divided betwixt themselves.

5.  Henry Sandford by his Will, dated March 25, 1626 gave unto the poor People of this Parish every Sunday or Sabbath-day,  throughout the Year, six Penny-worth of good Bread, to be distributed by the Discretion of the Church Wardens and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish, where most Need is.

6.  Francis Buller, Esq; of Kingston upon Thames, in the County of Surry, gave to this Parish several Tenements, and half an Acre of Land, lying at Church-hill, the Rents of which are to be laid out by the Feoffees in binding poor Boys Apprentices to some sea-faring Employment.

7. A. D. 1709 was built at the aforesaid Place called  Drapers an Hospital, consisting  of X Dwellings, one ofwhich is for an Overseer, who is a Quaker, and who has a Conveniency by his Dwelling for a Meeting House. The other IX are ap­pointed for such poor Men or Women as are Natives or Inha­bitants of the four Parishes of St John, St Peter, Birchington, and Acol, who are to have warm Gowns or Coats of Shepherd’s Gray for outward Garments, and Firing, and weekly Allow­ance, at the Discretion of the Trustees. The Author of this Benefaction was one Mchael Yoakley, born in St John’s in this Island, who thus settled this Gift by his Will dated October 30, 1707. Over themiddle Doors in each Front is placed a square white Marble, wherein, according to the Directions of the Founder, is cut the following Inscription, to which he refers in his Will, as containing the Conditions and Qualifications of the poor Persons to be admitted or taken into this Alms-house, viz.

In much Weakness the God of Might did bless

            With Increase of Store,

Not to maintain Pride nor Idleness,

           But to relieve the Poor.

Such industrious Poor as truly fear the Lord

Of Meek, Humble and Quiet Spirit according to his Word.

M.Y.                            GLORY TO GOD ALONE.

8. A. D. 1720. Madam Sarah Petit, Daughter of Major George Somner, and Relict of Captain John Petit, of Daundelyon in this Parish, gave one Hundred forty-six Pounds towards the providing some additional Ornaments for this Parish Church, which she laid out in the following manner, viz.

Two Silver Flaggons for the Communion Table, double Gilt — £41 8s 10d

Double gilding the other Plate — £6 1s

A Crimson Velvet   Pall for the Communion Table, trimm'd with Gold Orras — £26 0s 3d          

Wainscot Rails round the Table — £16   

Cushions or Squabs to kneel on — £05 08s

A Portugal Mat to cover the Floor — 19s

Laying the said Floor and other Charges — £11

A Branch for the middle Isle — £38 17s  

By her last Will dated —* 1729. She gave seventy-one Pounds for the ceiling the North and South Isles, and so much of the three Chancels as was not ceiled at that Time.

* She died in December this Year aged 88 years

9. At a Place called Frog-Hill, are two small Cottage be­longing to the Parish, built on the Lord’s Waste, purchased 1648 by one Chistopher Frenchbourn, to whom Alexander Norwood, Esq. Lord of the Manor of Deane, in consideration of the Sum of 40ssold one Piece or Parcel of Land, con­taining by Estimation four Perches and ahalf, abutting unto the King’s Highway, towards the South and East, and to the Lands of the said Alexander Norwood, Parcel of the Demesnes of the Manor of Deane, towards the West, East, and North, with free Liberty of Progress, &c. to draw Water at the Well of the said ----- Norwood, belonging to the Tenement adjoining to the aforementioned Premises. But Christopher Frenchbourn growing necessitous, did in the Year 1662, sell the said four Perches and a half of Land to the Church-Wardens, &c. for the Consideration of two Shillings a Week to be paid to him and his Wife, so long as they should live together, and of one Shilling a Week to the Survivor of them, and also for a reserved Rent.

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Appendix   XVIII. Vicars of St John the Baptist

Data from John Lewis, The History and Antiquities as well Ecclesiastical as Civil, of the Isle of Thanet in Kent, 2nd ed., London, 1736; Edward Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, Vol 10, 1800; A study of an old parish register, Macmillans Magazine, Vol XLIII, p 190, November 1880 – April 1881; Clergy of the Church of England Database ,








Smith, Thomas


Died 1433


Cardiff, Thomas


Died 1515


Steward, David



[see Note 1 below]


Cowper, Simon



Hewet, Thomas


1556 Vicar, Reculver


Lynche, Gervase



Wood, John


1573 Canterbury Cathedral


Lesley, William



Jenkinson, Robert


Schoolmaster St John's,1599; Died 1601


Harrison, Philipp

Died 1607


Harrison, Giles


Minister, Old Romney 1603


Edgewoorth, Edward


Schoolmaster St John's 1607


Wheately, Humphrey


Died 1631


Cobbes, Edmund


Schoolmaster St John's,1630


Creech, Peter

Criche, Peter


Died 1635


Banckes, John

Banks, John


Resigned 1647


Laury, John

Lawrey, John




Uncertain, Lewis says 'said to be vicar'


Riggs, Edward

Lewis says 'said to come hither from Deale'


Stevens, Thomas


Vicar, St Peter in Thanet,1637-1642; Died  1662


Overing, John

Overyng, John


Died 1665


Chewney, Nicholas


Vicar, St Nicholas at Wade 1662-1685; Died 1685


Innes, Gilbert

Innys, Gilbert


Curate, Maidstone 1692


Stephen, George

Stevens, George


Resigned 1697


Johnson, John


Resigned 1703


Warren, John


Resigned 1705


Lewis, John


Died 1747, at which time he was Vicar


Omer, Jacob

Omer, John


Died 1749


Jacob, John


Died 1763


Harrison, William


Died 1809


Chapman, William


Died 1810


Baylay, William Frederick


Vicar, Wilmington 1828-1832


Barrow, Francis


Curate, Trinity Chapel St John’s, 1829


Berkeley, Miles Joseph



Streatfeild, John


Note 1. Recorded in an entry in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Edward IV, 1461-1467, p 332:

‘1464: Presentation of David Steward, perpetual vicar of the parish church of Mynster in the Isle of Thanet, to the perpetual vicarage of St John, Isle of Thanet, in the diocese of Canterbury, on an exchange of benefices with John Hutte.’

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Appendix XIX. Orders for the repressing of pirates, 1565

Acts of the Privy Council of England, Vol 7, 1558-1570, 1565.

Orders for the repressing of pirates

Elizabeth, by the grace of God, &c. To our trusty and well-belovid A. B. C, greting; where dyvers evill disposid persons, as it apperythe, forgettinge the feare of Almightye God and the duetye of good subjectes, have of late in sundry vessells and shippes frequentyd the seas upon the coast of this our realme, robbinge and spoylinge honest quyett merchauntes and others, both of our owne subjectes and of other princes being presentlye in legue and good amytye with us, which cometh chiefly to passe by reason the said pyrattes, whereof parte are knowen also to be of other nacions, are at the handes of a nomber of disordered persons, dwellinge within or nere the havens, crekes and landinge places of this our realme, secretly refresshed  with  victualles, furnyshed with munytion and other necessaries, and sundrye other wayes by byeng of the stollen wares ayded and relyved, to the manifest contempt of us and our lawes and the grete sclaunder of this our realme; lyke as for the dyschargc of our duetye towardes God and the worlde we have alredy used many good meanes, so findinge the inconvenyences not yet remedyed as we wold wishe, we have thought of some such better meanes as we durst (sic) not but shall reforme the same fully, the lyke whereof we trust other princes, our neighbors, will for their parte see donne upon their coastes; and therfore for the better performynge thereof and for the spetiall trust we have conceived of your wisdomes and fidelyties we have chosen and appointed you to have the chief care under us of the havens, crekes and landinge  places within this our  countye  of --------, in such sorte and order as by certaine articles of instructions hereunto annexed shall at better lengthe appere unto you; and with that ende our pleasure and comaundment is, after you shall have diligentlye perused and considred the sayde articles, that you shall chose and appointe by vertue and aucthorytie thereof, as your Deputies for the execucion of the same, suche and so many honeste, discrete and trustye personnes dwelling within or nere every of the said havens, crekes and landing places within that shire as you shall thinke necessarye for that purpose, having spetyall regard that they nor any of them, eyther in respect of any offyce or otherwyse, may seme any waies to be touched with any disposition to hinder the execution of the said articles, or be otherwise, by profession, manner of lyvinge or in any other sorte lykelye for hope of gaine, feare of discoveringe of their owne former mysdemeanors, or any other particuler respect or affection, to favour any pyrattes or other offendours mysusing them selfes in carryenge of thinges owt of our realme beinge prohibited, but may honestly, diligently and carefully attende from tyme to tyme to thexecucion of the said articles in every pointe as to their dueties belongethe, and as shall appere to be our meaninge by the sayd articles: and for the better execution hereof we will that you shall gyve to them an othe to execute the same charge trulye, and that such a convenyent and sufficient nombre be appointed to be your Deputies in this behalf as no one of the said havens, crekes or landinge places be lefte unprovided of sufficient personnes to take care and loke therunto in such sorte as appertainethe, which persons or any of them it shalbe lawfull for you to remove and appointe other in their places as often as you shall have occasion or shall see necessarye; and for that purpose you shall joinetely together, or the more parte of you, accordinge to the commodytie of your duellinge places, once every monethe at the leaste, or oftener, repayre to the said havens, creekes and landinge places, and understand by the best meanes you may how your sayd Deputies shall have performyd the charge commytted unto them, to thend that by your assistance our intentyon may be the better furdered, and the inconveniences that you shall finde may be redressed. And of your doinges our plesure is you shall certyfye our Pryvey Counccll as sone as you have appointed your Deputies, who they are, and how their charge is distributid, and after that in lyke manner to advertise your procedinges once every monethe at the leaste; and we will and commaund that all manner Sheryffes, Mayours, Baylyffes, Customers, Comptrollers, Serchers, Waterbaylyves, Captaines of Castells and Bulwerkes, and all other our officers and mynisters, what so ever they be, [to] be aydinge, assystinge, and obedyent unto you in the execution of this our Commyssion.


Articles for the repressing of piraties and other dysorders to be executed upon the sea costes within the county of Norffolke, and all other counties upon the sea costes:—

Fyrst, inqnyrie to be made of all portes, crekes and landinge places within that shire, with the proper names thereof, and how many of the same have any townes or habitations scytuate upon the same, and what the same be, and what nomber of howeseholdes are in the same towne, and how many do lacke habitacions, and in whose governance all the sayd portes, crekes and landinge places are, and by whose aucthorytie shippes and vessells are commenly lycensed, eyther to lade or unlade there, or to lande or go forthe from the same place, and of all the premysses to make due and particuler certyficat.

Item, what shippes, boates and vessels do belong to everye of the said places, and of what burden every of the same be, and to whom they do belonge, and what be the names of the shippes, and in what sorte or trade they are comonly occupyed, and what nomber of persons are usuallye occupyed or attending to gett their livinge with the same vessells, and how manye of the same are marryners and how many fyshermen.

Item, to take straight order that none of the same shippes or vessells, nor any other shippe or vessell that hereafter shall come thither, shall go to the sea for any respect or servyce, without knowledge gyven and assent had of such or so manye as by the hed Commyssioners shall be deputed to receve the informacion thereof, and to gyve lycens for the goinge to the seas or steyinge them as they shall see cawse.

Item, that no graine, victuell, lether, horses, mares or geldinges, nor in any other thinge prohibited by the lawes or orders of the realme, shalbe suffered to be put into any vessell or caryed to the seas without knowledge first gyven to the said Deputies to consider by what aucthoryte the same shalbe attemptid, and that except thauctoryte or warraunte may appere to procede directlye from the Quenes Majestie and to remaine in force, nothing of the premisses be sufferid to be laden or caryed further, and at this tyme to have spetiall regarde that no maner of graine be sufferid to be sent owt untill spetiall warraunte shall come from her Majestie for the same, with expresse wordes conteyninge the quantyte and cawse of sending furthe the same.

Item, whensoever any shippe or vessell shall come into any of the said portes or landing places, that knowledge be gyven furthwith to the said personnel deputed by the Commyssioners, and by their discretion and order the wares and commodytees brought in shalbe landid and put to vent or sale, so as nevertheles if there shalbe any suspycion of unlawfull gettinge of the said wares or comodytees, that then regard be had by the sayd Deputies for the arestinge and furthe comynge both of the persons and the wares, and examynacion to be spedelye and severally taken of as much as shalbe sene nedefull to trye owt the suspition, and thereof certificat to be gyven and made to the Commyssioners, and as they shall order so therein to be donne.

Item, that no maner of victuell  be made redye or provided and sente to any porte or creke from any place for the victellinge of any vessell, but with the speciall knowledge, lycens and assent of the said Deputies, and they to have good consideracion that they gyve no assent or allowance in those cases, but where they shall perceve planelye the same victuell to be made redye or provided to be employed for the use of shippes to be used for good and true merchauntes, or for the trade of fyshinge, or where passage shalbe for honest passingere, and in no wyse for any men of warre other then such as shall manifestly be knowen to belonge to the Queen’s Majestie, and shall have spetiall Commyssion of her Majestie for the same; the lyke care shalbe had that no munycion, ordenaunce, artillerye, or other provisyon for the warres be made to be bestowed in any shippe or vessell, but such as shalbe mete and convenient for the ordinary defence of merchants or passingers acordinge to their voyages.

Item, that upon any suspicion concevid of any person for attemptinge to breke any of these orders, or for any matter tending to the attempte of pyracye by way of aydinge, furderinge, abettinge or consentinge, the said Comyssioners and their Deputies shall do their uttermost to arreste and put in good suretie the same personnes to be answerable thereunto.

Item, that bandes and assurances be taken with good penalties of all owners and masters of any shippes or vessells to do nothinge, directlye or indirectlye, to the contrary of the said articles.

Item, the said Commyssioners and their Deputies shall in all their doinges have regard to the favorable usage of all honest merchauntes, aswell straungers being in amytye with her Majestie as Englyshe, that they be not hindered in their trades by any unnecessary delaies or vexacion, and next that all good meanes be used to procure that her Majestie may be duely answerid of her Customes and Subsidies.

Names of the Commissioners:


Lord Warden.

Sir Thomas Cotton, knight.

Esquires: Thomas Wotton, Thomas Scotte, John Teston, Humfrry  Hales, William Cromer.

[followed by similar lists for other counties]

[Then a list of the Seaports]

Kent – Reculver, Tenet, Milton, Mergat, Sandwitche, Deale, Dover etc.

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