" Poor House 1666 to 1715 | Margate History

Arthur Rowe: Accounts of the Poor House 1666 to 1715

Transcribed by Anthony Lee


Extracts from the ‘Accounts of the Poor-house’ in our Rate-books, from 1666 to 1716.

Our earliest book of Accounts of the Poor-house begins in 1678. Five loose leaves were discovered in the other rate-books, dated 1666, thus indicating that an earlier volume had been lost, or that the existing volume was originally much thicker.

The scheme herein adopted is to write the verbatim extracts on the right-hand page, and such names as occur in the text on the left-hand page.

All names of Churchwardens and Overseers (not always given) are in italics. Whenever a list of officers and parishioners is given, it is copied in full. In the first book all are autograph signatures, and thus are copied as written.

On the right of left-hand page (odd numberd pages) will be found names mentioned in the text to which an occupation can at present be assigned.


Accts.              Accounts

Bur                  buried

N. F. and L.    Nash, Fleet and Lydden (the ‘country’ parts of the parish of St John’s)

Par. Reg.        Parish Registers

Pish                Parish

Wid, Widd      Widow


Spellings: the original spellings are maintained.


Innholder: Rowe makes extensive use of this term. The OED defines an innholder or innkeeper as ‘one who keeps an inn or public house for the accommodation of travelers and others’.


The page numbers of the original Rowe manuscript are maintained. Odd numbered pages give notes relating to the following even numbered pages, where verbatim extracts from the original Parish rate books are given.


Page 1


John Smith, chirurgeon. In C. E. Doughty’s deeds of N. side of Mill Lane, 1781: also in Domestic State papers 1667.8

George Friend ? Pipemaker. See Margate token c. 1660-70. Maltster in Pier Accts, 1678.

Stephen Greedier. Margate token has a fisherman’s arms. Our man was a shopkeeper or grocer. He had a son of same name.

Francis Cory. Parish Clerk and scrivener: buried 23 March 1683. D. 19. (Durham H. as scrivener, 1678)

Dr Lees. physician. Not mentioned in our books after 1666.

Abraham Pond. bumbailiff and Town-crier: later, one of the same name (1678-1688) is an innholder.

Henry Blackabee, sexton and shoemaker. Bur. Aug. 12 1706.

Thomas Smith. Overseer. Th. Smith, mariner, mentioned in Pier Reg. 1663

 Th. Smith, chyrurgeon, married. 1633; bur. 15 July 1668, in Par. Reg. which?

Josias Simons (blacksmith: Ch. W. Accts. 1665)

John Freeman (a butcher in 1717): may be same family and trade.

Edw. Hurst (possibly the maker of L.G. Rogers’ clock)

Thomas Foster (shoemaker, 1768, Accts of Poor H. p7)


Soll. West

Guilford Cullmer

John Fassam

Rob. Tadd


Page 2


From five loose leaves of a lost rate-book, found in other books.


Paid John Smith his 2 sesses towards cureing John Fassam ye last yeare — 19s 1d
Paid George Friend for keeping a Pish Girle — 3s 2d
Paid Dr Lees for his paines and for Phisick he gave to Widdow Beard and others in   Sickness — 12s
Paid Stephen Greedier for getting a Warrant to confirme the new Overseers — 6d
Paid Francis Cory for writing Soll. Wests Indentures to bind him to Tho. Foster — 3s
Paid Edw. Hurst with Rendall, an Apprentice — £2 10s
Paid Mr Parker in goeing with an Apprentice bound to him — £3
Paid John Freeman with Tho. Tadd an Apprentice — £5

Spent at the ensealing of his Indenture — 10d

Paid Widd. Grant a yeares rent for Rob. Tadd’s widd. due at mid summer — 12s 6d


Paid Widd. Poole for diething and looking to Susan Rendall and her child in her sickness of the Small pox, for one weeke —  6s
Paid Widd. Prickett for Entertayning of Susan Rendall and her child in her home for one Weeke — 1s

Paid Widd. Walton and Goody Clunn for laying forth the Widd. Cradock — 1s

Paid 4 men to carry the Widd. Cradock to buriell — 2s

Paid Hen. Blackabee (sexton) for digging a Grave for Widd. Cradock — 1s 4d


Page 3.

Christopher Frenchbourn of Frog House. See John Lewis, 2nd ed. p. 159

Adrian Moyse, marriner, bur. 3 Sept 1691, ex Par. Reg.

Jeremy Cullmer, mariner, see deeds of 20 Parade, 1699

Simon May (shoemaker)

Matt. Toarth (shoemaker)

Stephen Cock (tailor)

Tho. Emptage (shoemaker)

Widd. Petken (brewer)

John Underdown (Overseer) coal merchant, probably hoyman also.

Tho. Hodges (mentioned in Miss Staner’s deeds of 1680, but no occupation given). Tho. Hodges fisherman is bur. 9 Nov 1675, so he must be the father of T.H. in the deed. In deed both are Th. H.

Peter Moss

Tho. Foard

Adam Hitchings

Geo. Egender

Rich. Harlowe

John Anderson

John Laming

Valentine Archer

John Crampe

Widd. Witherden

Matt. Russell


Page 4




Paid Christo. Frenchborne for himself and a boy at 3s 6d per weeke —  £2 9s


Paid Matt. Toarth for 3 paire of shooes — 2s 6d

More for one paire for the Girle that Widd. Bell keepes, and one pair for the boy that Peter Mosse keeps —  2s 6d

Paid to John Laming towards Cloathes for the boy he keeps — 8s

Paid Stephen Cock for making Cloathes for Toby Norwood with Widd. Spracking keeper —  2s 6d

Paid Dr Lees for looking to some poore people in sickness — 8s

Paid John Smith (chirurgeon) for looking to John Fassam the last yeare — 10s

Paid Widd Bell to buy yarne for the Girle she keeps (spinning) — 9d

Paid Wid Petkin a yeares rent for Richard Harlow — 5s

Paid Tho. Emptage for shooes for Tho. Tadds Girle, and Jeremy Culmers Girle, and for mending Shoes  —  6s

Paid Abraham Pond for going to Dover for a Warrant to destrayne — 4s

More to the Towne Clarkes man (ie of Dover) — 6d

Paid Hen. Blackabee for Rob. Tadds grave (sexton) —  1s 4d

And more for mending Matt. Russells shooes (shoemaker) — 6d

Paid Goody Hodges to buy hose yarne for Griggs Girle —  8d

Paid Widd. Bing for watching and tending the Wid. Witherden — 1s 6d

Paid Francis Cory for writing the Sesse [Parish Clerk and scrivener] — 3s

Paid Stephen Cock for making a Wastcoate for ye Girle at Adrian Moyses and for Claspes, etc. — 2s

More paid for making a Wastcoate and paire of breaches for Thomas Tadd — 1s


Page 5

Fetcht is Francis Cory’s rendering of feeket, a scotch word, meaning an under-waistcoat or under- jacket. Used by Rb. Burns in ‘To Mr Mitchell’:

‘Grim loon! He gat me by the fecket,

An’ sair me shenk.’

The same meaning is also found in Eng. Dial. Dict.

Thomas Foster (shoemaker), bur. 9 Aug. 1690, ex. Par. Reg.

Henry Drayson (shoemaker)

Abraham Pond (bumbailiff and Town-crier). So far the earliest mention of the latter.


Job Norwood

Peter Moyse

Richard Clunn

Thomas Pike


Pensioners. In every quarter there is a list of ‘weekly Disbursements.’ These names run on, with little variation, quarter after quarter. Each quarter Francis Cory is paid for writing his sess and the  ‘Pention Bill’. Sometimes he compiles a ‘Bread bill’ as well. All these necessitous people either receive so much a week, or householders are paid for their keep. This applies both to adults and children. The Overseers practically adopt all destitute orphan children. They have an active system of apprenticeship, and they pay quite a good premium when the children are bound to their employers. Needless to say, the ‘ensealing of the Indentures’ is always celebrated at an inn. The overseers give the children a good outfit, and contribute to their clothing maintenance during the apprenticeship. They certainly did their duty to the children in a very paternal and effective manner.


Page 6



Paid Christopher Frenchborne, due to him by condicion made by the former Overseers (see John Lewis 2nd ed p. 159] — 5s

Paid to Tho. Foster for shooes and mending of shooes for severall children that are Pensioners. — 6s

To Mrs Stevens for Lynnen Fetcht for a child which Widd. Sprackling keeps — 2s 8d

To Henry Blackabee for a paire of shoes for Eliz. Wood, and for mending a paire — 2s 8d


Paid Adrian Moyse by his sesses towards keeping up a Girle — 2s

To Francis Cory for writing a sesse [Par. Clerk] — 3s

Paid for sending the sesse to Dovor to confirme — 2s

Paid Tho. Foster for a pair of shooes for Harlowes boy — 2s 4d

More paid him for one paire for Job Norwood — 1s 10d

More paid him for a paire for a Girl at Greg. Phillpott — 2s 8d

Paid Matt. Toarth for a pair of shooes for the Girle Adam Hitchins keeps — 2s 2d

Paid Hen. Drayson for a paire of shooes for Matt. Johnson — 2s 2d

Paid Francis Cory [Par. Clerk] for writing 2 Pension bills — 1s

Paid Abraham Pond for going to Lidden to fetch the Barley wee destrained and Crying of it [torn]


Paid Hen Blackabee for a paire of shooes for a boy which Xtofer Frenchborne keeper — 2s 2d

Paid unto Simon May for a paire of shoes for the boy which he keeps — 1s 6d

Paid Tho. Pike for a journey to Ludnam with Gunns Girle, that was at Greg. Phillpotts, to see her Mother —  4s 10d

Paid Widd Bing and Clunns wife for laying of Martha Russell forth — 1s

Paid 4 men to carry her to burial — 2s 6d


Page 7

Wm. Terrey (tailor and draper)

Capt. Petit (of Dauntdelyon ?)

John Brooman I (mercer or draper)

Wm. Gosbey (tailor)

Henry Blackaby = Blackabee, sexton and shoemaker: his father also sexton

Tho. Hodges (fisherman: bur. 9 Nov. 1675, ex Par. Reg.)

Mrs Brooman (Susan), wife of John Brooman I, mercer or draper. In 1680 she is a widow, and carries on the business until John Brooman II comes on the scene.

John Russell, labourer, bur. 12 Ap. 1668, ex. Par. Reg.

Abraham Pond. The relationships in this family are somewhat involved. There were two Abraham Ponds, father and son. So far as I can judge from the dates, Abraham I was the Town Crier and bumbailiff, and Abraham II was the innholder. These good men had a penchant for matrimony – in any case, according to the Par. Reg., they enjoyed 6 wives between them. The second wife of Abraham II had the unusual name of Benedict, and Abraham I had a daughter named Armonel, who comes into our story as an innholder, in 1701. This last seems to have been a family name, for another daughter, spelt Armanall, was buried in 1667. One would like to know where they acquired that name. It is strongly suggestive of Armorel, i.e. ‘Armorel of Lyonesse’ (Cornwall). Armonal married Humphry Wheatly in 1797, and we lose her in the R. Bks. Abraham I was buried 8 Aug. 1694. The first mention of an inn is in 1678, and as Abraham II was born in 1674, the old man must have started the inn.


Page 8



Paid Henry Blackaby for digging a Grave for Matt. Russell — 1s 4d

Paid Abraham Pond for a Journey to Dover to have the sesse confirmed — 4s

And 6d for a Warrant, and 6d for Mr Peppers Clarke [Mayor of Dover] — 1s

Given to Ch. Frenchbornes wife to buy Yarne for the boy she keeps — 6d

Given to Wm. Terrey for Cloathes for the poore as by Bill appended — 10s 5½d

To Wm. Gosbey for making a Coate for Harlowes boy — 1s 7d

Paid Capt. Petit for keeping of John Russels boy 10 weekes — 10s

Paid unto John Broomans wife for an Apron for Jane Gunn — 1s 1d

Paid her more for Cloath for a Neck cloath for the Girle that Tho. Hodges keeps.


This completes the transcript of extracts from the 5 loose pages of 1666.


The following extracts are taken from our earliest volume. These are all Accounts of the Poor-house, and range from 1678 to 1716. These are no Assessments until 1717; so these records extend from the reign of Charles II to that of George I.


Page 9

Lockrum = lockram: formerly lockeram: E.M.E. lokeram. From Fr. locrenan, a kind of   unbleached linen, so called from the place where it was made, Locrenan, in Brittany. ‘Lokeram for shetes, and smookes, and shirtes’ Sir Th. Elyot, ‘The Governor’, 1531.

Mr Diggs = (Dudley Diggs, mercer or draper)

Wm. Prince (? The original Northdown Ale brewer)

Francis Cory (Parish Clerk and scrivener)

Edw. Wootton (carter)

Tho. Jenkin (carrier)

John Ford (glazier)

John Welbey, Overseer (farmer: bur. 25 June 1678: ex Par. Reg)

Goodman Pond = Abraham Pond. His first mention as innholder

Peter Swinford in 1703 was a coal merchant.


Mr Knowler

Stephen Overy

Peter Swinford

John Robins

Matt. Goatley

Lazarus Sampson, farmer

Rob. Croft

John Watts, surgeon

John Beard

John Fasham

John Shaxstead

John Wood

Tho. Smith

Edw. Pound

Mr Tomlin

Rich. Knock

Val. Hogben, mariner

Geo. Bennett

Wm. Hammall

Edw. Beard

Edw. Gibbons


Page 10



Paid Francis Cory for writing and perfecting this account ­— 3s 4d


Paid Tho. Jenkins for carrying the sesse to Dover — 4s

Paid Francis Cory for writing the sesse and Pention Bill — 3s 6d

Given to John Fasham to beare his charges to Dover — 5s

Paid Tho. Jenkin for carrying away a Poores Boy — 1s


Paid Edw. Pound for Allens childs shooes — 2s

Paid for Mary Askewes Shifts — 6s 6d

Spent at Goodman Pounds when the sesse was made (see note p.7) — 12s

Paid Edw. Wootton for carrying of Knocks Coales — 6d

Paid for shift and peticoate for Goody Williams — 7d

To Goody Pingle for Lockrum and scotch-cloth — 5s 6d

 For a coate for old Shakstead  — 1s 2d


Autograph signatures.

June 1769, p. 5

Nics. Chewney. Vicar

John Underdown (coalmerchant: mariner, hoyman)

Wm. Booker

Dudley Digges (draper)

George Friend (? Brewer)



Page 11

John Turner, Overseer (carpenter: bur. 24 May 1682, ex Par. Reg.)

Abraham Pond (inn holder: was Town-crier and bumbailiff in 1666)

Ann Lithered (inn holder; probably mother of John Lithered, innholder): she was his first wife.

Tho. Jenings (carrier)

Hen. Blackabee (shoemaker and sexton)

Rob. Pierce (thatcher)

Tho. Foster (shoemaker)

Adrian Moyse (mariner: bur. 3 Sept 1691, ex Par.Reg.)

Tho. Markett (? bumbailiff and cooper)

George Friend (? pipemaker, see Margate token; prob maltster, Accts of Pier, 1678)

Nicholas Boyse (innholder; only 2 references, 1679 and 1680).


Rich. Clunn

John Tree

John Leming

John Woodruff

Dan. Jarvice

Wm. Seaward


Page 12



Spent at Ann Lithereds at the choice of new officers — 7s

More spent there at a Pish Meeting — 6s

Spent at Abraham Ponds in making a sesse for the poore — 7s

Paid Francis Cory for writing the sesse and Pention Bill [Parish Clerk] — 3s 6d

Paid Tho. Jenings for carrying the sesse to Dover to be confirmed — 4s 6d

Paid for mending Frog well [ie Frog house – see Lewis 2nd ed p 159] — 6d

Paid for mending Goodwife Ashendens Wheele (spinning) and for making Richard Knock a Rake — 1s

Paid for a Warrant to send the smith and his wife away — 6d


Paid to John Lithered for helping to remove the poores beds — 6d

Paid Ann Lithered for Drink for the Labourers — 1s

Paid Hen. Blackabee for a paire of Shooes for Ann Curling — 2s 9d

Paid Tho. Foster for a paire of shooes for Mary Askers — 3s

Given to a poore woman in want, with 2 children, having lost all they had by fire — 2s

Given to a poore man which had lost all his Goods and Cattell by a drift-sand — 1s 6d

Paid Rob. Pierce for thatching Widd. Overys house — 6d


Paid Abraham Pond for carrying the sesse to Dover and for confirming — 4s 6d

Spent at makeing the sesse — 6s 6d

Spent at Nicholas Boyses

Paid at Abraham Ponds for Drink for the men that watched Jarvice — 4s 6d

Paid Goodman [Abraham] Pond for Bread and Drink at a Pish Meeting — 7s 8d


Page 13

Thomas Baker, Overseer (cooper)

John Crumpe, Overseer

Henry Wildes, Overseer (mariner: bur. 30 Nov. 1679: Par. Reg.)

Mr Underdown, two at this period, John and Thomas. See the deeds of Durham House. Thomas U. is, in 1678, defined as a maltster. John, on the other hand supplies coal to the Poor-house. They were both men of note. John was a mariner (Pier Accts.)

Thomas Bax (coal merchant) May be same as T.B. mariner, bur. 4 June 1689.

Laming Wm. (carrier: bur. 12 Nov. 1781, Reg for briefs p.6)

Mr Pamflett is the master of the Queens Arms, and on p. 70 we find that he is Stephen P. (1684). He must have died soon after, for in 1689 we have a reference to Widow Pamflett.

Wm. Booker.



Roger Laming [Buriels. ‘R.L. at the signe of the Duke Head’]. Bur. of a stranger

Mr Chambers = Dr George Chambers, chirurgeon: bur. 8 Dec 1695. We trace him to 1694 in our Accounts.

Edw. Wootton (carter or carrier)

Wid. Brooman = wid. of John Brooman I, draper. She carried on.   

John Foard (glazier: bur. 4 Dec. 1692, ex Par. Reg.)

Mr Diggs = Dudley Diggs, mercer or draper.

Wid. Gosbey (draper): wid. of Wm. G. tailor and draper.


Page 14



Paid for a welle roape — 2s 6d

Paid Mr [John] Underdowne for Coales — 16s 6d

Spent at Mr Pamfletts on Pish buissenes — 1s 6d

Paid Wm. Booker for a horse hire to Dover — 5s



Paid Fra. Cory for writing the sesse and Pencon Bill [Par. Clerk] — 3s 6d

Spent at making the sesse — 3s 6d

And for carrying the sesse to Dover and for the warrant — 4s

Paid Roger Laming, and spent for carrying the Smith to London — 5s 6d

Given Wm. Beard to buy Salve — 6d

Paid Mr Chambers for John Beards (sickness) — 10s

Paid Edw. Wootton to carry Goodman Overys Goods — 2s

Paid Widd. Brooman for a paire of hose for Mary Askew — 1s 1d

Given Tho. Markett to go to Dover for a warrant of destresse, and for ye warrant — 3s 2d

Paid for writing a letter and a list of those which refused to pay their sesses — 1s

Paid Mr Diggs for cloath for Widd Benningfield — 13s 9d


Paid Widd. Gosbey for looking to Wm. Beards legg — 5s

Paid Goodwife Gosbey for searcloth (cerecloth) for Goodman Markett — 1s

Paid to Tho. Underdowne as by Bill about the charge of Jarvice — £1 2s

Paid John Foard for the Windowes at Frogg house [John Lewis, 2nd ed, p. 159] — 3s


Page 15

Autograph signatures

p.18 1680

Nics. Chewney, Vicar

Tho. Underdown, Churchwarden (maltster)

Wm. Booker, Churchwarden

Thomas Sladden, Overseer (carpenter in 1703)

Thomas Copper, Overseer (mariner)

John Goldfinch, Overseer (coalmerchant)


Abraham Laudon (miller: bur. 22 Ap. 1688)

John Laming (carter, Pier Accts 1678)

Alexander Row

John Basden (rope maker in Pier Accts 1678)

Wm. Cock (rope maker or coller-maker: bur. July 8 1724)

John Mussred (Deputy 1684; bur. 25 Aug. 1797, yeoman)


Richard Henneker

Boys, John Lithered, Abraham Pond are all holders of unknown inns.

Mr Bushell (inn holder) This is almost certainly ‘John Bushell, at the signe of the Rose’. See Lewis 2nd ed pp [91.92, under dates 1661 and 1662 we find Bushell as an inn holder (no inn mentioned) as late as 1699. The position of this inn is also unknown.

Robert Brook, mariner, bur in 1698. Ref. for Briefs, p.77

James Smith

Matt. Mummery

John Turner (carpenter, Bur. 24 May 1682; ex Par. Reg.)

John Basden (rope maker). Pier Accts. 1675 ‘Roape for the gun.’





Paid Rich. Henneker towards his journeys to Dover — 1s 6d


Paid Mr Chambers for Physick and Chirurgery [Dr Geo. Chambers p.13] — 6s


Spent at Boyses in making the sesse [an inn] —  6s

Paid Fra. Cory for writing the sesse and Pencon Bill [Par. Clerk] — 3s 6d

Paid a messenger to go to Dover for a Confirmacon of the sesse — 4s

Paid Fra. Cory for writing the Indentures for Allens child, an Apprentice to Widd. Archer — 3s

Spent at ensealing the said Indentures — 1s 9d

Paid Widd. Archer with Allens child, an Apprentice — £9

Spent at John Lithereds when the Churchwardens and Overseers passed their Accts. — 6s 10d

Spent at Wm. Harnett at a Pish Meeting [an innholder] — 2s

Spent at Mr Bushells at sealing the Leases for the Poores-houses [an innholder] — 1s

Paid Tho. Grant for masons worke as by Bill  [mason] — 6s 6d

Paid for Clearing Matt. Mummereyes Musquett [? For the Guard-houze] — 2s

Spent at [Abraham] Ponds at a Pish Meeting and for Workmens Allowances — 8s

Spent at John Lithereds at a Meeting of some of the Parishioners [inn holder] — 6d


Paid Matt. Goatley for laying forth a stranger which died at Boyses [innholder] — 1s

Spent at John Lithereds in makeing the sesse [an innholder] — 5s

Paid Tho. Foster for a paire of shooes for Mary Askew [shoemaker in 1666] — 3s

Paid Wm. Lamings wife for the cure of Widd. Roberts Legg [Wm. Laming, carrier] — 2s 6d

Paid  Mr Denn for writings about the Almhouses. [an attorney? Dover or local] — 17s 2d

[we would give something now for a sight of these same writings]

Paid John Turner for worke and Boardes about the Pish-house [carpenter] — £3 16s


Page 17


Thomas Sladden, Overseer (carpenter in 1704)

Thomas Coppin, Overseer (mariner: deeds of Durham H. 1678)

John Goldfinch, Overseer (coal merchant)

Abraham Laudon, Overseer (miller: bur. 22 Ap. 1688: ex Par. Reg)

Widow Hills (see. p. 40 of text, 1681, wid. of Edw. Hills, blacksmith, bur. 9 Ap. 1680)

Rob. Young (carpenter: bur. 17 Oct. 1690)

Goodman Boyse ‘for a potle of meale’. We have had Boyse as an inn holder. He might supply meale, but it is more likely that he was a miller or baker. Pottle is an unusual term for dry measure, except for fruit (strawberries).



David Turner, Overseer (? brewer)

John Laming, Overseer (carter, Pier Accts, 1678)

Tho. Foster, Overseer (shoemaker: bur. 9 Aug. 1690: ex Par. Reg)

John Jarvice, Overseer

John Lithered, inn holder was not the regular sexton, for Henry Blackabee held that office till his death in 1706

John Turner (carpenter)

John Marsh (carpenter)

Goodman [Wm.] Seeley (inn holder: inn not known)

Thomas Pike (? bumbailiff)


Tho. Ansell

Wm. Fisher

 Nich. Hunt


Page 18



Paid at Widd. Hills as by Bill [blacksmith: wid of John H.;bur. 1680] — £2 10s

Paid Rob. Young for a Coffin for a Stranger — 7s


Paid Fra. Cory for writing and perfecting the sesse and for writing the Penson Bill and Bread Bill  [Par. Clerk] — 3s 10d

Paid Abraham Pond to carry the sesse to Dover and for Confirmacion — 4s 6d

Paid him more for bringing a warrant for a lame man [at Pamfletts’, Queens Arms] — 6d

Paid him more which was expended at his House in makeing of ye sesse — 9s 6d

Paid for mending Goodwife Briggs Stook and Windowe — 6d


Paid Goodman Boyse for a pottle of Meale — 3½d




Spent at John Lithereds at the sesse-makeing [innholder] — 8s

Paid John Lithered for digging Beards Grave [temporary sexton] — 1s 4d

Paid men to carry Beard to Church — 2s

Paid for a Coffin for Beard — 7s

Paid for a Knell and Register for Beard — 1s 2d

Paid the Dr. his Fee for burying him [Dr Nich. Chewney, Vicar] — 1s


Paid Stephen Greedier for Soape and other Commodities [shop keeper]  — 9¾d

Paid John Marsh for a coffin [evidently for a child] — 2s

Paid Widd. Young for a burying Sute for Pike — 5s 6d

Spent at Goodman Seeleys when we sent for a Warrant to destrayne — 2s 7d

Paid Tho. Pike for a Journey to Dover and 6d for a Warrant — 4s 6d


Page 19

Autograph signatures. p. 32

May 1681

Nicholas Checoney, Vicar

Edward Harnett, Churchwarden

Thomas Emptage, Churchwarden (blacksmith)

John Jarvis, Overseer

Thomas Foster, Overseer (shoemaker)


Tho. Underdown (maltster)

Wm. Booker

John Mussred (Deputy 1684: bur. 25 Aug 1707, yeoman)

John Laming

Paul Swinford (yeoman, bur 1687)

George Friend (maltster in Pier Acct, 1678)

John Prince (ale brewer)


Rent of Poores houses. The recipients of  rent vary from time to time. Tho. Underdown was one of the Trustees. The Overseers did not own the Poores houses, but were tenanets. It seems quite clear that these houses were not identical with Buller’s Court, as the latter would be too small and too few to deal with all the work described in these pages. We have no idea of the position of these houses or of the date when they were built. They would probably be near the Church. The nomenclature of these houses is most puzzling, for the Par. Clerks call them indiscriminately poores-houses, almes-houses, parish-house, the Pish houses, and Charity-houses. It is only by noting that the rent (£6) is the same for all that we realise that these names were variants of the same term. Buller’s Charity receives separate mention by name.

Widd. Hill was widow of Edw. Hill, blacksmith, who died in 1680. She carried on!


Page 20



Paid Tho. Underdown for the Poores houses [i.e., rent for] — £6


Paid Fra. Cory for writing and perfecting the sesse and Pencon Bill — 3s 6d

Paid Abraham Pond for Bread and Beere [at the making of the sess] — 17s 6d

Paid Thomasine Lithered for Bread and Beere for the Pishioners — 7s

Paid John Turner [carpenter] for worke done to the Charity houses — £2

Paid Tho. Tree upon the Account of Tho. Grant [mason] for work on the Charity houses — £3 3s 6d

Paid Peter Tomlin for Bricks used about the Charity houses [brickmaker] — £1 19s

Paid Mr Chambers for Phisick for Markett and his wife [Dr Geo. Chambers] — 2s


Paid Wm. Poole as by Bill [bricklayer in Durham H. deeds, 1697] — 5s 1d


Paid Geo. Foard for two Chall. of Coales for the poore [coal merchant] — £1 10s 6d

Paid Ann Young widd. for cloath for Mary Askew and Marlowes child, as by Bill — 8s 2d

Paid Wm. Poole [bricklayer] for worke done about the Almshouses as by Bill —1s 10d

Paid for Widd. Lewis Burying Suite — 4s 6d

Paid Hen. Blackabee [sexton] for Shakstead Knell and Grave [2nd for the Knell!] — 1s 6d

Paid Tho. Emptage [smith] for a Ketle for Goodwife Williams — 1s 4d

Paid Mr [Dudley] Digges for a paire of Sleeves for Mary Askew [draper] — 1s

Paid John Turner [carpenter] for worke done about Frogg house [Lewis, p 159] — 3s 8d

Paid Widd. Hodges for a paire of shooes for Marlowes child [i.e. wherewith to buy] — 1s 2d

Paid John Foard for Work done about the Poores houses [glazier] — 9s 2d


Paid Widd. Young [Ann Y. draper] for a paire of Bodyce and Yarne for Mary Askew — 5s

Paid Widd. Hills for Iron worke used about the poores houses the last yeare — 13s 11d

Paid Mr Chambers as by bill [Dr Geo. Chambers] — £1 0s 6d

Paid Tho. Underdown for Rent of the poores houses — £6


Page 21

Autograph signatures.

May 1682, p.41

Edward Harnett, Churchwarden

Thomas Emptage, Churchwarden (blacksmith)

John Watts, Overseer, (chirurgeon)

John Stone, Overseer (coller maker: bur 10 May 1688)


Tho. Underdown (maltster)

Andrew Neale (Deputy in 1684)

John Laming (carter in Pier Accts 1678)

Geo. Chambers (Dr Geo. Chambers)

John Basden (rope maker, Pier Accts 1678)

Francis Digges (Deputy in 1692; gent in deeds)

John Castle (carrier)

Roger Laming (sen.) (R.L. sen., master of the ‘Duke-head’)


Poor-house doctor. In the next century doctors are regularly appointed. Dr Chambers is the only one at present, since 1678. No regular medical officer at this date, the doctors being paid only for individual cases. They did not make a rich living out of it! Dr Chambers carried on to 1694, within a year of his death.

Tho. Tree (carrier and carter)

Thomasine Lithered (on last page) Ann Lithered, John L. first wife, died 22 Ap. 1680. Thomasine must have been his second venture. The Par. Clerk is misleading, for he often puts down the wife of an inn holder when the man is alive, as in present case.

Mr. Turner for Ale. This must be David Turner and he must be a brewer.

John Watts, Overseer. Watts is a common name at this period. Dr John Watts is first mentioned in 1687. His first name is never given. Are these two men identical? I fancy not; still, John Watts, chirurgeon, was bur. 26 Aug. 1706, so it probably is the man in question.


Page 22



Paid Fra. Cory for writing the sesse and Pencon Bill [Par. Clerk] —3s 6d

Spent at the sesse-making — 5s 6d

Paid for Confirmation of the sesse to the Clarke [at Dover] — 6d

Spent at the Overseers passing the Accounts — 5s 6d

Paid Mr Chambers as by bill [Dr Geo. Chambers; bur. Dec 8 1695] — 11s 9d

Paid myself for medicaments for the poore as by my Bill [= Fra. Cory] — £1 8s

Paid for writing the Indentures of Apprentice for Smiths daughter to Wm. Cooke [mason], and expenses at the ensealing of the Indentures — 4s 6d

Paid Rich. Andrewes for too coates for Fordes child [tailor and draper] — 7s 6d

Paid Goodman Stevens at the Choice of new Overseers [Rich. S. innholder] — 5s 2d

Paid Widd. Jewell for a paire of stockngs for Edw. Browne [her Apprentice] — 1s


Expended on the Pishioners at 6 several meetings on Pish Business — 1s 8d

Paid Tho. Emptage [Church warden and blacksmith] money by him disburst in binding out Apprentice — £4

For making 25 sacks at 1½d per sack [one of the industries of the Poor house] — 3s 1d

Paid John Foard for glazing the windows of the Charity house [glazier] — 13s

Paid to Mr [David ?] Turner for Ale sent up to the Governor of St. Bartholomews in Smithfield on behalf of Fisher, and money by Mr Turner given to Fisher for relief [Fisher was a man who cost the Overseers many pounds, and it is not clear that he even belonged to the Pish: apparently a Herne man.] — £1 6s 4d

Paid Tho. Tree for carriage as per bill [the ale was an expensive luxury] — 19s

Paid Joseph Stone for making of cloathes for Clarkers children [tailor] — 1s 5d

Paid the spinners for 91 . . . ? of worke for the Pish at 2d per .. . .? — 15s 2d


Received for sacks — £2 5s


Paid Dr [George} Chambers for Physick and Good Survice — 3s 4d


Page 23

Autograph signatures

1683. p. 51

Edward Parker, Churchwarden (mason; bur 12 Sept 1689)

Francis Digges, Churchwarden (gent: Deputy 1692; mariner, Pier Acct.)

Roger Omer, Overseer (Yeoman, Deputy 1683)

John Prince, Overseer (Margate Ale brewer)

Robert R. Sackett, Overseer (maltster)


George Chambers (doctor; bur. 8 Dec 1695)

John Gurney (Yeoman; bur. 28 Ap. 1696)

Tho. Underdown (maltster)

Stephen Greedier (shop keeper)



Peter Tomlin, Overseer  (brickmaker); also farmer, Northdown

John Stone, Overseer (coller-maker. Bur. 10 May 1688)

Thomas Emtage (blacksmith) This name occurs several times at this date in connection with  apprenticeships, probably because he was churchwarden.

Dudley Diggs, according to the ‘Accounts’ must have been a draper. Like most of the early traders in those days, he probably had more than one iron in the fire, and here we have him supplying ‘Tyles for the Pish-houses’. So they were tiled, and not thatched, as were most of the houses at that period.

Widow Tuner, carpenter, carried on. Her husband, John Turner, carpenter died on May 1682.

Bastardy. There is a long extract, dated 1745, on this subject, wherein the Officers and Parishioners decide that they will take strong measures with the fathers and mothers of these children, ‘to be whipped and put to hard labour in order for the maintenance of such Bastard children’. All the unmarried girls littered in the Poor-house!


Page 24



Paid Robert Brooke for Hempe [? Ropemaker. Brookes a merchant family] — £1 5s

Paid Rich. Laming [weaver] for weaving 78 yards of Sack cloth at 2½d per yard — 16s

Paid for dressing the Hempe — 12s

Paid Fra. Cory for writing a paire of Indentures for John Russels Girles [P. Clerk] — 4s

Paid for the Relief of the poore Wench at Dover — 2s 6d

For fetching the Warrants for the Bastard children — 3s 6d

For Bricks delivered for the Repaire of the poores house, 6800, at 14s per 1000 — £4 15s 3d


Paid Stephen Cox [tailor] for making Mary Askers Cloathes [‘Cox’ rare at this date] — 2s 6d

Paid Vincent Barber for a Coffin for one of the poore [carpenter, York Hotel deeds, 1688] — 5s

Paid Tho. Emptage [smith] for a Journey to Dover, for a Warrant to destraine — 4s

Paid Tho. Emptage  for money disbursed by him for putting out an Apprentice — £5 10s

Paid Dudley Digges for Tyles for the Pish houses — £4 2s 6d

Paid Widd. Turner for Boardes used about the poores houses [carpenter] — £5

Paid for a Knell and Grave for Briggs child and for burying of it — 3s 6d


To the Trustees for the Charity houses for Rent due at Lady Day, 1688 — £6

[This last statement eliminates the difficulty concerning the ‘charity-houses’, for they now appear to be identical with the ‘poores-houses’. On p. 31 (of text) we have ‘Paid Tho. Underdown (for rent due) for the poores houses, £6’, the sum being the same as that given above. Later on it will be shown that the ‘Almes-houses’ fall within the same category. But this does not clear up the whole difficulty. The term ‘workhouse’ is never used at this date. We find all these terms used indiscriminately in singular and plural, but the bulk of them are in the plural. We may therefore conclude that there were several houses. Whether they were built for this purpose, or were adapted private houses, we know not.]


Page 25

Church-hill. A fairly early reference. Widd. Woods came from Northdowne.

John Flagden evidently learned his trade, for in 1715 he is a shoemaker.

Almshouses. Here is the last needed element of proof – Rent £6 – so the whole matter is now quite clear.

Tho. Jennings (carrier). This entry is most descriptive of the way in which the needy were boarded out among the well-to-do parishioners by the Overseers, and of the remuneration received by the latter. They could not have waxed fat on £1 15s a year!

The Criple gave the Overseers a lot of trouble. He ran up a big bill at Pamfletts (the Queens Arms), all of which the Overseers paid; in addition he put them to endless trouble. And he appears not to have belonged to the Pish.

Robert Young (carpenter): bur. 17 Oct 1690.

Zachary Boarman, Overseer  (mariner)

John Prince, Overseer. Brewer of the famous Margate Ale.

Thomas Bishop. The second Town Crier to be mentioned

Robert Sackett, Overseer (maltster)


Israell Clarke

Edw. Westmore

Parnell Tadd

James Winton

Edw. Birckett


Page 26



Paid Thomas Tree [carrier] for carrying Widd. Woods Goods to Church-hill — 1s 6d

Paid Edw. Wootton [carrier] for bringing her up to Church-hill and to men to helpe, and to a Carpenter to set up her bed. — 1s 6d

Paid John Cock [coalmerchant] as by Bill, for 5 chald. of Coales ‘rast’ at 15s per Chald. for the use of the poore — £3 11s 6d

Paid at Rich. Stevens when the last Overseers past their Accts. [prob. Five Bells] — 8s

Paid Edw. Chambers [shoemaker] with John Flagden an Apprentice — £4


Paid Widd. Brooman [draper] for 2 Shifts for Goody Jarvices children — 4s 6d

Paid Stephen Goldfinch [bricklayer] for cleansing of Goodman Knocks Well — 2s

Paid to the Feoffees one years Rent for the Almshouses —  £6

Given unto Edw. Westmores wife for Relief in the hard Frost (January) — 2s 6d

Paid Tho. Jennings [carrier] for one years looking to Widd. Pingle for Rents, Fireing, Washing, and all other Necessaries except her Pencon [mighty cheap] — £1 15s

Paid Widd Turner [carpenter] in part of her Bill for the Repaire of the Almshouses — £3 8s 3d

Paid John Castle [carrier] for Carrying the Criple and his man to Canterbury — 2s 6d


Spent at Wm. Seelyes at the Making of the Sesse — 3s


Paid John Foard [glazier] for Worke done about the Almshouses — 17s 6d

Paid Geo. Powers [carpenter] for Shutters at Rich. Knocks house— 2s 4d

Paid Tho. Markett [carrier] for goeing to Dover and for 2 Warrants — 4s 6d

Paid Tho. Underdown [Trustee or Feoffee] for half a yeares Rent for the Almshouses — £3


Page 27


Autograph Signatures

May 1684 p. 64

George Friend, churchwarden (maltster in Pier Accts, 1678)

Walter Tomlin, churchwarden (farmer, Northdown)

John Mussred, Deputy (deputy 1684; yeoman; bur. 25 Aug 1797)

Andr. Neale, Deputy

Thomas Troward, Overseer


Thomas Grant (stonemason)

Edward Parker (mason)

John Laming (carter in Pier Accts)

John Jarvis (not Jarvice)



Roger Omer, Overseer (yeoman, Northdown, Deputy 1690)

Thomas Troward, Overseer

Roger Whitehead, Overseer (cooper)

Wm. Seely (innholder: 1681-1685)

Lockerum, p.9 of this MS.

Stephen Pamflett, Queens Arms. We get this old inn as early as 1679 but in R. bks and Pier Accts, and this man occurs till 1684, but in 1689 Widd. Pamflett occurs. She died in 1697.

Richard Stevens (probably the Five Bells) from 1682 to 1687; then Widow Stevens follows on till 1695.

Chaldron O.F. chaldron, F. chandron, a kettle. A measure of coals, equal by statute of Charles II to 36 coal bushels, or 25½ cwt; generally 32 heaped Bushels. The Newcastle chaldron is 52½ - 53 cwt.

John Rankins

John Jarvis

Alex. Goodson

Thomas Marcus

Thomas Beaver


Page 28



Spent at Goodman [Wm] Seelyes at the Choice of  the Overseers [an inn] — 4s

Spent there more when the Sesse was made — 5s

Paid Wm. Small [draper] for Cloath to make Goatleys boys Shifts — 2s 2d

Paid Widd. Brooman [draper] for Lockerum and a Hatt for Foards child — 4s 6d

Given Widd. Tadd to by her ½ hundred of Faggetts — 5s

Paid Matt. Toarth [shoemaker] for a paire of shooes for Brownes child — 1s 4d

Paid Emanuell Ellnor [bricklayer] for Worke about the Almshouses — £3


 Paid Richard Anderson [tailor] for making Pointons childs cloathes — 3s

‘Three peeces of Gold called Guineys at 21s 6d a peece’ — £3 4s 6d

Paid to Stephen Pamflett [Queens Arms] towards his Charge for the Criple — £3 10s

Spent at Ruth Stevens at Making the sesse [same as Rich. Stevens] — 5s 2d

Paid more there when the Overseers past their Accounts [an inn] — 3s 2d

Paid for carrying 3 chald and a halfe of Coales to the Almshouses — 5s 3d

Paid Widd. Prince [draper] for Cloathes for Brewers child — 6s 8d

Paid her more for a Blew Shirt for Wm. Seeward — 2s 6d

And for Marlowes child — 3s 10d

Paid Edw. Tomlin [coalmerchant] for 3 Chald. and a halfe of Coales — £2 14s 3d

Paid at Rich. Stevens [inn holder] upon the Pishes Account — 5s 6d

Paid Wm. Lythall [tailor and draper] for Cloathes for the poore — £1 3s

Paid Ruth Stokes with Knocks boy, an Apprentice — £6


Page 29

Autograph signatures

1685, p. 79

Peter Swinford, Churchwarden,  P (his marke: coalmerchant)

Wm. Payne, Overseer (? Attorney)


Roger Omer  (yeoman: Deputy 1693)

Francis Digges (gent in deeds: hoyman. Deputy 1692)

John Jarvis

Lazarus Sampson (farmer, Northdown)


John Cowell, Overseer (farmer)

John Brooke, Overseer (mariner – hoyman: see Accts of Pier): bur. 3 Feb 1702.

John Smith (carpenter)

Dr Chewney, Vicar Nicholas Chewney was vicar from 1666 to 1685. He was evidently a D. D. But confusion arises from the fact that there was another Dr Nicholas Chewney, who was a chirurgeon. We get him in the R.Bks. for attending the poor, from 1689 to 1718: He died on July 10, 1718.

Baize O. F. baies, pl: also sing. baye. The word is thus properly pl. of bay, formerly used also in the singular. Baize (or bay) was first manufactured in England in 1561, under letters patent issued to certain refugees from the Netherlands, who had settled at Sandwich and other places, and were skilled in weaving. Now a coarse material, but when first introduced it was much thinner and finer and was used for clothing.

Paul Hart (innholder) was an important man. He was post-master of Margate (historical Dept. of GPO, London) from 1691 to 1709. We find him in the R. Bks. in 1685, but in 1715 he has fallen upon evil days, for the entry runs ‘To Paul Hart in need’. His burial does not appear in the Par. Reg., so the date of his death is not known.


Page 30



Paid for a Coffin for Stephen Goldfinch [coalmerchant and evidently ruined] — 6s

Paid Fra. Cory [Par. Clerk] for Knell and Register for him — 2s 6d

Paid Hen. Blackabee [sexton] for digging his Grave in all — 1s 4d

Paid Thomas Markett [carrier] for laying him forth — 1s 6d

Paid Dr Chewney [vicar] for burying him — 1s

Paid John Smith for a Coffin for Widd. Roberts and setting up a Bedstedd — 8s


Paid Widd. Brooman [draper] for 3 yards of Bayse — 3s 6d


Paid John Mason [shoemaker] for mending of shooes — 8d

Paid John Goldfinch for Coales for the poore [coal merchant] — £1 4s


Paid Mr Denn for advice [lawyer: probably of Dover]


Spent at Paul Harts when the Wench was brought by the Mayors [Dover] Warrant — 6s

Paid John Harris for Coales for the poore [coal merchant] —£3 1s


Paid Joseph Rutland for Coffins as by Bill [carpenter] — £1 0s 7d


Paid Goodwife Pound and the Widd. Ellmor for laying Ann Stokes forth, and for goeing to St Peters to make Oathe that she was buried in Woolen — 4s 6d           


Paid Paul Harts Account [inn holder] — 1s 6d

Paid John Foard [glazier] for Glazing the poores windows — 5s




Recd. Of Widd. Small [draper] for burying her husband in Lynnen — £2 10s

Recd. Of Widd. Wright being buried in Lynnen — £2 10s

[The amounts thus received were always distributed to the poor]


Page 31


Benjamin Doncaster, Overseer (mariner)

William Payne, Overseer (? Attorney)

Alexander Goodson, Overseer (yeoman: mar. 1680; ex Casper’s Marr. Lic.)


John Freeman, sen., Overseer (butcher: bur. 10 Oct 1703: Par. Reg.)

Roger Laming, jun., Overseer (bur. 10 Sept 1743, hoyman: Par. Reg)

Valentine Jewell (grocer: deeds of York Hotel, 20 Parade, and Tudor House)

John Goldfinch (coal merchant)

Paul Hart (inn holder and early postmaster (see Wm. Rowe’s Church Book, No. VIII))

Edw. Bilton (shoemaker)

Ann Pamflett (not of Queens Arms), died in July 1696: Reg. for Briefs, p. 77)

Burying in Woollen. In 1666 an Act of Parliament was passed for ‘burying in woollen only’ which was intended for ‘the encouragement of the woollen manufactures of the Kingdom, and prevention of the exportation of money for the buying and importing of linen. Repealed in 1814. References to thus custom are found on p. 34 of this MS, and allusions to ‘burial suites’ occur frequently.

Romansgate. It is difficult to ascertain when this particular spelling of Ramsgate began and ended. I have a reference to it in 1700. Dr Richarsons Hist. of Ramsgate throws no light upon it. It was probably never exclusively called Romansgate, for there are many early references to the spelling as Ramsgate. Probably Romansgate is a corruption.

John Scoats (carpenter)

Tho. Jarman

Tho. Webb

Tho. Horton

Wm. Hall

Nich. Laming (mariner)

Wm. Pointon

John Penny


Page 32




Spent at Goodman [Richard] Stevens at the choice of new Officers [inn holder] — 6s

Paid Anne Pamflett, widow, according to an Order of Sessions — £1 2s

Paid Ann Shakstead for laying forth Paul Harts [innholder] supposed child, and for going to St Peters for a Certificate that it was buried in Woolen — 1s 6d

Given John Penny that day that his house was burnt — 3s


Spent at Richard Stevens at making the Sesse — 5s

Paid Rob. Young [carpenter] for Worke done about the house where Knook dwells — 14s 7d

Paid Wm. Amis [thatcher] for Thatching of Knooks house — 16s 9d

Paid John Foard [glazier] for Worke done about the Almeshouses — 5s 2d

Paid Edw. Paine [shoemaker] for new Shooes and mending of Shooes — 9s 4d




Spent at Rich. Stevens [inn holder] at Mekeing the sesse — 6s

Paid the Trustees of the Almeshouses in part of Rent due at our Lady — £9

Paid Simon Evans [locksmith or blacksmith] for a Lock — 1s 8d

Paid Mr Chambers for looking to Hulls wife [Dr Geo. Chambers] —10s

For carrying of Seelyes daughter to Romansgate and expenses there — 2s 8d

Paid Mr Watts for medicines for Widd. Beane and John Beard [Dr John Watts] — 9s 3d

Paid for writing a Bond of Security from some of the Inhabitants of Romansgate about

Seelyes daughter, her husband and child, and a horse hire thither to have the said Bond sealed, and for Expenses there (i.e. drinks) and for a Journey to St Peters to Roger Phillpott about his Bond — 3s 8d


Page 33

Autograph signatures

May 1687, P. 104

Roger Omer, Churchwarden (yeoman: Deputy 1683)

John Panell, Overseer (yeoman: Reg. for Briefs p. 77)


Wm. Payne (? Attorney)

Thomas Grant (mason)

Peter Tomlin (brick maker?): also farmer, Northdown

Stephen Greedier (shopkeeper)

John Mussred (Deputy 1684; yeoman, bur. Aug 25, 1707)

Thomas Foster (shoe maker)

John Durante (yeoman: bur. 18 Sept 1800 [should this be 1700 ?]: P. reg.)



Thomas Sackett, Overseer (coal merchant)

Ralph Elvery, Overseer (prob. small farmer at Westbrook).

John Freeman, Overseer (? butcher: so in 1717)



James Dixon, Overseer (maltster: bur. 31 Aug. 1690: ex Par. Reg.)

Burial in linen was the luxury of the well-to-do. This again encouraged a national industry. Heavy fines were levied on foreign linens, calico and chintz.

The certificate. That valuable record, the ‘Register for Briefs’ has many pages of entries of certificates of burial issued by Nick. White, the then vicar of St Peters. These certificates were issued to show that the people had complied with the Act that they should be buried in Woollen or linen. Our vicar never issued certificates for his own people. If the Vicar of St Peters was absent, the Vicar  of Monkton or Birchington gave the Certificate. Evidently the authorities were afraid of collusion: hence the certificate by the Vicar of another Parish.

Coffin. I can find no reference to ‘undertakers’ at this period. A hundred years later it was a recognised trade, and Matthias Mummery is described as such.


Page 34



Paid the Minister, Clerk and Sexton the funeral Dutyes for Katherine Messenger a Traveller. [Rev Gilbert Innes, Francis Cory, and Henry Blackabee] — 3s 6d

Paid for carrying her to the Grave, and for the use of the Pier, and for Drink to one that made Oathe that she was buried in Woolen, and for the Certificate — 6s 8d


Paid Ralph Constant for ½ (. . . ?) of Hempe [rope maker] —10s 6d

Paid John Pegden [hemp dresser or spinner] for dressing of it — 3s 11d

Paid for Spinning of it. — 8s

Paid the Weaver [Rich. Laming] for 6 lb of Towe — 1s 6d

Paid for Weaving of it. — 10s


Received of Widd Prince for burying her Husband in Lynnen — £2 10s

Received of Mrs Glover for her Mother being buried in Lynnen — £2 10s

Received of Tho. Grant [mason] for burying his child in Lynnen —£2 10s

Distributed to the poore of the Pish — £7 10s


Paid Dr Chambers as by Bill appeare(th) [Dr Geo. Chambers, 6 Dec. 1695] — £1 10s

Paid for 2 Shiftes, an Apron, and Yarne for Stokes child — 4s 10d

Paid Widd. Young [draper] for a burial suite for Goodman Beard — 3s 3d

Paid Capt. Petit (Daundelyon) for putting Pointers boy Apprentice — £5

Paid for Woolen to sack Goodwife Gaskin in — 3s

Paid for Grave, Knell, and Register — 2s 6d

Paid 2 Women for laying her forth and putting her in Coffin — 2s

Paid a Woman to goe to St Peters to make oath that she was buried in Woolen, 6d, and for a Certificate, 6d — 1s

Paid Vincent Barber for the Coffin [carpenter]: the man who made the new stocks in 1706 — 7s 6d


Page 35


Edward Bilton, Overseer (shoe maker)

James Went is described as a glover in Par. Reg.; but this does not agree with the goods supplied in these Accounts. Tailor and draper would fit him.

John Basden (rope maker; ‘for roapes for the Gunn’: Pier Accts, 1678)

Peter Swinford (coal merchant)

Matt. Trapham (occupation unknown at present)

Paul Swinford (yeoman and carter; bur. 24 Ap 1697; ex Par. Reg).


Valentine Rigden

Wm. Goodborne

Henry Russell

Peter Three

Rich. Coppin.



Michael Willkins, Overseer (mariner)

Tho. Bax (coal merchant)


Page 36



 Paid Dr Chambers for Medicines for John Beard (Dr Geo. Chambers) — 11s

Paid Tho. Huffam (blacksmith) for Worke done about the poores houses — 18s 7d

Paid Matt. Trapham for 12 weekes at 2s per weeke for Woolets boy — £1 4s


Paid Dr [Geo.] Chambers for letting Wm. Halls wife Blood [Venesection] — 6d

Paid Dr Chambers for looking to Wm. Halls wife — 2s

Paid Dr Chambers for looking to Widd. Woolett in sickness — 3s

Item for 6 Boardes used about the Almshouse — 7s

Pd. James Went for a paire of Drawers for Clarkes Boy [draper]  — 1s 6d

Given to a poore man that had lost his ship [no figures inserted]

Paid for the Widd. Wooletts burial suite — 5s


Paid Goodman Skinner for carrying the Widd. Pointers Goods [carter] — 2s


Paid Tho. Alarkett [here a cooper] for making a Buckett — 1s


Paid John Kennett [tailor] for cloathes for the poore as by Bill — 13s 5d

Paid John Kennett [tailor[ for a coate for Wm. Seaward — 11s 7d



Paid Tho. Bax [mariner] for Coales for Rich. Knock [a donation] —3s

Spent upon the Parishioners when Wyat toke Goatley Apprentice [more drinks] — 1s 6d


Paid for a new Coate for Westmores least Boy (i.e. smallest: quaint) — 6s 9d

Paid Goodman Tatty for goeing to St Peters for a certificate that Knocks wife was buried, and for the Certificate. [bricklayer] — 1s

Paid John Mason [shoemaker] for making of Masons lame Boy a paire of shooes and for mending a paire — 2s


Page 37

Autograph signatures

May 6 1688. P. 120

Valt. Hogben, Churchwarden (mariner: Pier Accts)

Thomas Sackett, Churchwarden (coalmerchant)

John Durante, Overseer (yeoman: bur Sept 10 1700: Par. Reg.)


Will. Small (baker, bur 20 Nov 1702: Par. Reg.)

Thomas Emptage (blacksmith)

John Mussred (Deputy, 1684; yeoman, bur. Aug 1707)

John Goldfinch (coalmerchant)

Tho. Underdown (maltster)

Roger Omer (yeoman: Deputy 1683)


Coller-maker, i.e. horse-coller-maker, or our saddler, is a term that goes on a long way into the 18th century. There were two John Cooks, coller-maker, of Church-hill, who cover many years between. The supply of rope does not of necessity  imply that the trader in question was a rope-maker, for there is at least one other instance where a coller-maker supplies it.

Dr Watts was Mr John Watts, chirurgeon, who was buried Aug 26 1706. We find him attending the poor as late as 1705.


Tho. Thornden

Nich. Dawson

Isaac Clarke

Israel Clarke

Tho. Woodruff

Tho. Kempe

Henry Dun

Tho. Horton

John Fox

Nich. Heyward


Page 38



Paid Wm. Lydall [tailor] for a new Coate for Simon Mayes boy [shoemaker] — 7s

Paid John Stone [coller-maker] for a Well roape for the Almshouses — 2s 6d

Paid Dr Watts as by Bill — £1 15s

Received for Mrs Epps being buried in Lynnen — £2 10s


Recd. of Rich. Wallas upon Judgement for takeing up Wm. Paynes [attorney] copper — £1 10s

The which sum of £4 0s 10d is dispersed of to the poore of this Pish.


Recd. of Tho. Thornden for burying his child in Lynnen, the which sume was given to him againe, he being a poore man.    


Spent at the making of the sesse and at a Pish Meeting to put poore Orphans Apprentice, and about the Pencon Bill — 8s

Paid ½ of what was expended at the Choice of new Officers — 3s 6d

Spent at Rich. Stevens [? Five bells] at the takeing of the Churchwardens and Overseers Accts, for ½ of the Charge [Their conscience pricks them!] — 3s 6d

Paid Tho. Underdown, one of the Trustees of the Charity-houses for one years Rent due at our Lady day last — £6

Paid Edw. Bilton [shoemaker] for mending of Isaac Clarkes Shooes — 1s


Paid John Goatleys wife [innholder] for watching and laying forth Goodwife Norwood, and for Beere at her funeral — 4s 6d

Paid for 40 pounds of Towe at 3d per pound — 10s

Paid John Castle [carrier] for bringing of it from Canterbury — 9d

Paid to Goodborne at Northdowne for 2 Bushells of Wheat — 5s

Spent at Abraham Ponds [innholder] at a Pish Meeting to make a poores sesse — 5s

Paid Samuel Went [tailor and draper] for a paire of Drawers for Israel Clarke — 1s 6d


Page 39

Stephen Yeomans, Overseer (innholder)

Moses Wild, Overseer  (draper)

Spinning and weaving. Quite an important industry at the Poor-house. Sums of £20, or more, appear in the Accts for the sale of Sacks, We find allusions to it as far on as the end of 18th century.

Wm. Seeley was an innholder. References to him from 1681 to 1685. This gives the date of his death – 1688.

Town Crier. Second mention, but no name given. Abraham Pond was the first we hear of, in 1666: he is mentioned in this year, so he may still be in office, for he may have been Crier as well as innholder.

John Brooman II (Draper). We find his father as Draper in 1666. After his death the widow carried on, and now the son. John Brooman II, draper, appears.

Mr Chambers (draper. His Christian name is never given)

Sarah Meakings (inn holder, is mentioned in Ch. W. Accounts for 1659)

Adam Hekins in Pier Accts, 1679, is a labourer

Robert Ladd (innholder: ? the Ship)

Stephen Yeomans (inn holder)

Thomas Sackett (coal merchant)

James Yeomans (carpenter)

Geo. Foard (coal merchant)

Edw. Wootton (carter or carrier)

John Lister (coal merchant)


Nich. Thompson

Martha Trapham

Sam. Colikett

And. French

Edw. Sandwell

John Tomlin


Page 40



Paid John Brooman II [draper] for Cloathes for the poore, as by Bill — £2 8s 7d

Paid  Mr Chambers [draper] for 2 Buriell Suites for the poore — 9s 6d


Paid for 31 lb of Towe Spinning — 5s 2d

Paid Rich. Laming [weaver] for Weaving and for Worke — 8s 8d

 Paid for making the Sacks — 1s 1d

Paid Stephen Yeomans [innholder] for carriage to remove Russell, and for takeing down his Goods and takeing it up, and Carrying to his house, and for drink — 3s 6d

Paid James Yeomans [carpenter] for Seelyes Coffin— 7s


Paid Goodman May for Beere at Goodman Hortons funeral [May, innholder] — 2s 6d

Paid Geo. Foard [coal merchant] for ½ Challd. of Coales for the poore — 8s

Paid ½lb and 2 oz.  of Twine to sowe the Sacks — 8d

Paid for a paire of canvas Breeches for Brewers boy — 2s

Paid John Brooman II [draper] for a Wastcoate and a paire of Drawers for Edw. Browne, and for a Coate for Widd. Hubbard — 17s

Paid Widd. Phillips for her Apprentice child — £1 5s


Paid for a Certificate that Edw. Sandwell was buried in Woolen, and for Widd. Mourton going to St Peters for it. — 1s

Paid for Bread and Beere at the selling of Edw. Sandwells Goods — 1s 6d

Paid Sarah Meakings for a Cask and Beere that Edw. Sandwell had of her — 1s 6d

Paid John Lister for ½ Chall. Of Coales Edw. Sandwell had of him — 8s

Paid for Crying of Edw. Sandwells Goods — 4d


Paid for making of Mary Askews two changes [i.e. of linen] — 6d

Paid things at Edw. Sandwells funeral and for Cloath [i.e. for burial suite] — £1 17s


Page 41

Autograph signatures

May 1689

David Turner, Churchwarden (? Brewer)

Thomas Grant, Deputy (mason)


Thomas Underdown (maltster)

Peter Tomlin (brick maker, farmer)

Jo. Watts (doctor ?)

Roger Omer (yeoman)

William Cock (rope maker)

Vall. Jewell (grocer)

Walter Tomlin (farmer, Northdown)


Adrian Moyse, Overseer (mariner: bur. 3 Sept 1691: Par. Reg.)

Widd. Pamflett (innholder: Queens Arms)

Nicholas Mockett, Overseer (late farmer of Daundelion: bur. 20 Dec 1734: Par. Reg.)

Ralph Constant, Overseer (? rope maker: supplies rope: may be coller-maker)

Mr Turner. Reads like an attorney (p. 140 text). This is rather quaint. It’s the fathers who generally requiring ‘finding out’, not the mothers.

Matt. Constable (thatcher)

Vincent Barber (carpenter: deeds of York Hotel)

Richard Henneker, Overseer  (? father of James Henneker, butcher)

Dr Chewney: (Nicholas Chewney, chirurgeon: bur. 10 July 1718)

Jeremy Phillpott  (coal merchant)

Widow Chambers

John Watts, chirurgeon. Mercer states that there is no other J.W. in Par. Reg. at this date: so this man is the surgeon.


Page 42



Paid Widd. Phillips with an Apprentice Girle — £1 5s

Paid Widd. [Ann] Young [draper] for Burying Suites — 10s


Paid Geo. Foades wife [coal merchant] for dressing Vall. Rigdens Legg — 2s 6d

Paid Widd. Gosbey for dressing of Wm. Seelyes Legg [innholder] — 2s 6d

Paid for the Cure of [illegible] child of the Itch — 1s 6d


Paid for Cloath for 2 Shifts for Edw. Sandwell daughter — 4s 3d

Paid for 12 oz. of Yarne to make Ed. Sandwells Childrens stockings — 2s

Paid for a Burying Suite for Adam Itchins [labourer] — 4s

Paid Robert Ladd for Beere — 1s


Paid for a Burying Suite for Wm. Hall — 3s 6d

Paid Mr. Turner for finding out the mother of Haseltons child. — 7s 6d



Paid for a paire of Stockings and 3 Handkerchiefes for Mary Askew — 2s


Paid Vall. Rigden out of the Collection for him — 5s

Paid Mr Watts [Dr John Watts] for looking to Vall. Rigdens Legg — 10s


Paid Dr Checoney for Phisick for the poore (Rich. Amberton) — 8s


Paid Jeremy Phillpott for a Chald. of Coales for ye poore — £1 5s

Paid for Beere for the Deputies! — 6d


Paid Mr Chambers [Dr Geo. C.]  for Pysick for Amberton — 4s


Paid the Deputy for carrying a man and his wife away — 6s

Paid Stephen Yeomans [innholder] for a poore Orphan Apprentice — £6


Page 43

Autograph signatures

June 1690, p. 154

Thomas Troward, churchwarden

Isaac Buxley, Overseer

Richard Coppin, Overseer


Roger Omer (yeoman: Deputy 1683)

Wm. Payne

John Gurney (yeoman, bur. 18 Ap. 1796 [1796 is unlikely to be correct]: Par. Reg.)

Peter Swinford (coal merchant)

John Castle (carrier)


William Friend, Overseer  (brewer: mar. 1682: ex Cowper’s marr. Lic.)

Daniel Bing, Overseer (yeoman; bur. 10 Dec 1701: Par. Reg.)

Robert Smith, Overseer (butcher: deeds of Durham H.)

Vincent Barber, Overseer (carpenter: deeds of York Hotel)

Widow Bax (coal merchant’s wid. of Tho. Bax, coal merchant. She carried on)

Tho. Thornton. It would be interesting to have a genealogical table for this old family of carriers. One of them took George I to London in a funeral coach.

Tho. Jenning (carrier)


Page 44



Paid the Deputy for carrying the sesse to Dover — 1s 6d

Paid John Roafe [bricklayer] for repairing the Widd. Randalls house — 8s 8d

Paid Tho. Moyse [mariner] for the use of the Feoffees in Trust for the Alms houses, with an Apprentice — £7


Paid Widd. Young [draper] for a Burying suite for Egertons child — 1s 6d


Paid Widd. Bax [coal merchant] for Coates for the poore — 18s

Paid Widdow Stevens [inn] for drink for the Woman that laid Goodman Williams forth — 6d


Paid Mr Watts [John W. chirurgeon] for Medicaments for the poore — £2 17s 6d




Paid to Widd. Cooper to bury her Mother Hubard! — 6s 6d

Given to Widd. Smith of Westbrooke. — 2s


Paid Tho. Thornton for carrying the Coales  [carter or carrier] — 6d


Paid for a load of Thatch Strawe — 8s

Paid a thatcher for Works and for Rods and Spindles — 6s


Spent at Widd. Stevens [innholder] at makeing the sesse — 2s 6d


Given Widd. Williams for a Chamber pott! — 2d


Paid Tho. Underdown (Trustee) for Rent of the Almshouse — £9

Paid John Baker [cooper] for a Bucket for Frogg house [John Lewis, p.159] — 6d

Paid John Roafe [bricklayer] for worke about the Pishhouses — 17s

Paid Michael Willkins with Alexander Birchet, an Apprentice. — £6

Paid Dr Watts [John Watts, chirurgeon] as by Receipt — £3 10s


Page 45

Autograph signatures

June 1691, p. 170

John Pannel, Churchwarden (yeoman: ment. Reg. for Briefs, 1698, p.78)

John Castle – his marke, Churchwarden (carrier)

Robert Smith, Overseer (butcher)


Thomas Underdown (maltster)

David Turner

Tho. Troward

Walter Tomlin (farmer, Northdown)

Thomas Sackett (coal merchant)



Thomas Huffam, Overseer (blacksmith)

Richard Stokes, Overseer (mariner)

Charles Hales, Overseer (mariner. Ment. in Reg. for Briefs, p.77, 1647)

Hamm money. This fund does not occur again in this book. There is no such fund mentioned in the records of the Charities. The money given to the poor is set forth on pp. 185-6. No explanation forthcoming.

John Baker (prob. cooper: bur. 11 May 1692: Par. Reg.)

 Widd. Bilton (wid. of Edw. Bilton, shoemaker, bur. 11 Mat 1692. She carried on)


John Baker

Mich. Wilkins

Geo. Granger

James Mount

Wm. Carter



Page 46



Paid John Foard [glazier] for Glaseing the Pishhouses — 4s 10d


Paid for a Coffin for Widd. Smith, Washer — 8s

Paid for Worke and Materiall for repairing the Almshouse — 6s

Paid Goodman Foard for setting Mary Askews broaken Arme — 13s 6d


Paid Tho. Underdown [Trustee] for a yeares Rent of the Charity houses — £6

Paid for shooes for Wyatts least child [quaint expression] — 2s 4d

Paid Mr Watts for Medicines expended on John Alason [John W. chirurgeon] — 3s 9d

Paid Wm. Poole [bricklayer] for Worke done to Westmores house for Widd. Pite — 11s 6d


Paid Rob. Smith [butcher] for puting Barners boy Apprentice — £3 10s


Paid John Roafe [bricklayer] for Morter and Workmanship for the Pishhouse — 16s

Paid Henry Kirbey [shoemaker] for mending of shooes for Sandwells child — 4d

Paid Widd. Stevens for Allowances for the Workmen [innholder] — 8d



Received of Wm. Payne for the Hamm money — £60 5s


Paid for Rigdens child Apprentice — £10

Paid for part of the Indentures — 1s 6d

Allowed Tho. Jennings for the Cloathes upon the Childes back — 5s

Expended about the Contract (drinks) — 3s 8d

Spent at Widd. Stevens [inn] at the Receiving of the Hamm money — 7s 6d


The Account of the Disposall of the Hamm money.

Paid Mr Omer for a writing which he had made by Mr Taddy — 1s 6d


Page 47

Autograph signatures

April 1692 p. 187

William Cock, Churchwarden (rope maker or coller-maker?)

John Durante, Churchwarden (yeoman: bur. 18 Sept. 1700: P. reg.)

Francis Digges, Deputy (gent. in deeds)

David Turner, Overseer

John Mussred, Overseer (Deputy 1684: yeoman, Bur. 25 May 1707)


Thomas Underdown (maltster)

Roger Omer (Deputy 1693; yeoman)

Tho. Troward


Robert Smith, Overseer (butcher: Durham H. deeds)

John Mussred, Overseer (Deputy, 1684; yeoman. Bur. 25 Aug 1707)

Valentine Jewell, Overseer (grocer, York Hotel deeds)


Names of some of the recipients of Hamm money.


Thomas Payne                         Henry Mummery                     Wm. Curborne

Robert Pierce (fisherman)       John Fasham                           Micheal Fleet

Edw. Gibbons                         Rich. Reynolds                       Tho. Cannaby

Matt. Fox                                John Mantle                           


Parish Clerk. Francis Cory was bur. 23 March 1693. He was a scrivener.        

John Cock, his successor a shoemaker, does not seem to have been formally until 1693: he died 6 March 1730, at 69. The Accts of the Pier 1678 are in Francis Cory’s writing, and he is mentioned as scrivener in Durham H. deeds.



Page 48



[Hamm money. Here follows a list of 46 poor recipients]


To Paul Hart [innholder] which was spent there in Pish business — 2s

To Widd. Stevens [innholder] which was spent there in Pish business — 8d

Paid to Henry Blackabee [shoemaker and sexton] with his Apprentice Girle — £2 10s

To Mr Watts [John W. chirurgeon] as appears by Bill — £3 15s


Paid to John Cock [new Par. Clrk] for making the sesse book — 3s

Paid Moses Wild for a Bed-Tick for Widd. Williams [M.W. draper] — 5s

Paid Stephen Goldfinch [coalmerchant] for 2 Chald. of Coles for the poore — £2 4s


Paid Henry Thornden [carter or carrier] for bringing the Coles — 2s 8d

Paid Dr Chewney as per Bill [Nich. Chewney. chirurgeon] — 9s 2d


Paid to Mrs Pamflett [Queens Arms] for money spent there about Pish business — 10d

For Thos. Brasers Indentures, and spent at sealeing — 6s 6d

Paid for 2 Graves for John Simons and Darter [daughter] — 7s

Paid Dr [George} Chambers for Balsam for Elizabeth Coper — 8d

Paid the Widd. Pamflett  [Queens Arms] in part for the lame man —  10s

Spent at Widd. Goodson [innholder] when the Sess was made —  6s 10d

Paid for Thatching Frogg house [see John Lewis, 2nd ed., p. 159]


Paid to Nicholas Titty for work done to the Almshouses [mason] — £2 0s 6d

Paid Tho. Castle [carrier] with Brewers boy his Apprentice — £10

Paid Tho. Castle for carrying Cruchers Girle to Chatham, and Expenses (drinks) — 4s


Page 49

Autograph signatures

June 1693, p.204

John Durante, Churchwarden (yeoman: bur. 18 Sept. 1700)

Roger Omer, Deputy (yeoman)

Tho. Underdown, Overseer (maltster)

James Yommance, Overseer (= Yeomans; carpenter)


Tho. Troward

Valt. Hogben (mariner; Pier Accts.)

Vall. Jewell (grocer)

John Brooman II (draper)


James Yeomans, Overseer  (carpenter)

Peter Tomlin, Churchwarden (brickmaker. Northdown; also farmer)

George Howard, Overseer

Stephen Sackett, Overseer (yeoman: bur. 16 Ap. 1745, at 81; Par. Reg.)

            This, of course, cannot be the same man: prob. his father.

Abraham Lulham (tailor; bur. 29 Dec. 1702: Par. Reg.)

Thomas Castle (carrier: ? son of John Castle, carrier)

John Wootton (carter or carrier:? Son of Edw. Wootton, 1680, same trade)


Page 50



Paid to Mr Cory for burying a poore mann [last reference to Fra. Cory] — 3s 6d

Paid Widd. Webb [inn] for beere and a Blankett to wrap the poore man in — 4s

Paid Steph. Yeomans [inn] for carrying a Load of Coales to Rich. Knock — 6d

Paid John Wootton [carter] for carrying a Load of Coales to Northdowne — 1s 2d

Paid Stephen Baker [mariner and coal merchant] for a Chalder of Coales — £1 14s

Paid Peter laming [coal merchant] for ½ a Chalder of Coales — 16s


Paid Rob. Brooke [tailor] for making 2 Suites, Coates, and Drawers — 9s 6d

Paid him more for making 2 Coates and Britches — 7s

Paid Abraham Lalham for making Sowels Coat, Britches, and Wastcoate — 3s 6d

Paid Wm. Cock for a Well-roape [prob. Rope maker, but may be a coller-maker] — 6s 10d


Paid Goody Goodson [innholder] at making the sess — 5s


Paid Widd. Wilkinson a month pay by ye Mayors order [i.e. of Dover] —16s 8d

Paid the Towne Clark [of Dover] for an Order to alter ye old Accounts — 2s

Paid John Martin [shoe maker] for a payer of schooes for Crouches boy and mending — 2s 6d

Paid John Brooman [draper] for a payer of Sheets, and for one ell of Bayse to sack the Widd Seawood in. — 4s 5d

To Mr Bedingfield for a Warrant to straine [? Dover official or attorney] — 1s


To Roger Whitehead [cooper] for a Buckett — 1s


To Widd. Goodson [innholder] at making the sess last yeare — 6s

For Attorneys Fees concerning Hedges, the lame mann (at Queens Arms) — 10s

Paid Wm. Emptage [carter] for bringing the Widd. Beets Goods — 3s 6d


Page 51

Autograph signatures

July 1695, p.216

Wm. Petken, Deputy (brewer and malster)

Thomas Baker, Churchwarden (cooper)

William Read, Overseer (farmer, Garlinge)


John Brooman II (draper)

Thomas Fuller (yeoman, Reg. for B., 1798)


Stephen Goldfinch, Overseer  (coal merchant)

Thomas Friend, Overseer

Richard Prince, Overseer


Autograph Signatures

July 1696, p. 226

Thomas Sackett, Churchwarden

Thomas Baker, Churchwarden (cooper)

Roger Omer (yeoman: Deputy 1698)

Thomas Grant (mason)

Tho. Fuller (yeoman: Reg. for Br. 1698)

W. Petken (brewer and maltster)


Thomas Bing (maltster: mentioned in Reg. for Briefs, p.78)

Robert Gore (shoemaker)


John Reade

Tho. Powell


Page 52



To Mr [Roger] Omer for Clearing the Court at Dover as per Bill — 14s 2s

To Mr Chewney [Nicholas Chewney, chirurgeon] as per Bill — £1 9s

To Mr Watts [John W chirurgeon] for cureing Rich. Hedges [the lame man] —  £5

To Widd. Pamflett [Queens Arms] for Richard Hedges as per Bill —  £9 15s


Spent at Widd. Goodsons [inn] about Tho. Bing giveing Bond — 4s 8d


Dated 5 June 1695

“Att a Sessions holden att Margate the 25 June, 1695, before John Hollingbery, Esq, Mayor, and Mr Thomas Scott and Mr Clement Buck, Jurats of the same [of Dover].

Foreasmuch as Complaint is made to this Court by the Chiefe Parishioners of St Johns That former Overseers of the Poore of the said Parish have been very Negligent in the due execution of their Office in not executing Warrants for takeing Distresses upon Defaulters who Neglect and Refuse to Pay their Several Assessments for the Reliefe of the Poore of the said Parrish. For Preventing of this Mischeiffe for the future It is now Ordered that if any Overseer or Overseers for the Poore of the said Parish shall neglect or to refuse to execute any such warrant or warrants. That the Money due Neglected or Refused to be Collected or Leveyed Shall be Answered and paid by Overseer or Overseers to be Leavied upon his or their Goods in case hee or they shall not Answer or pay the same Money Accordingly.

A true and perfect Coppy.”


Page 53

Autograph signatures

July1696 p. 235

Thomas Sackett, Churchwarden (coal merchant)

Thomas Baker, Churchwarden (cooper)


Roger Omer (yeoman)

Walter Tomlin (farmer. Northdown)

John Jarvis


Robert Gore (shoemaker) for John Cock (mariner), Overseer

Robert Gore, Overseer (shoemaker)

Edward Tibb, Overseer (mariner, Reg. for Briefs, 1697, p. 77)

John Kennett, Overseer (tailor and draper)

Dimothy = dimity, John Cock, rendering is evidently inspired by the personal name of ‘Timothy’. From the Greek; literally, two threaded, from di, two +  mitos, a thread of the woof; equivalent thus to the English ‘twill’.

Sarge and serge. Though he was unaware of the fact, the spelling ‘sarge’ goes back to Mid. Eng. times (1200-1500), as used by Chaucer. It comes from the old French serge or sarge, from the Latin sevica, silken, because it was originally made of wool mixed with silk or linen. Later, of worsted entirely.

Henry Blackabee II, sexton, we find in 1666. He died in Aug 1706. His father, Henry Blackabee I, was sexton before him, and died in Feb. 1654.

Roger Thornden (carter: probably a lime-burner as well in 1709)

Mr Smith cannot be John Smith, chirurgeon, 1666; nor is he Thomas Smith, chirurgeon, for he was buried in 1668.

Dan Jarvis. Not a coal merchant. He lived at Frog house.


Page 54




To Widd. Stevens [innholder] spent on the Pish account — 2s

To Henry Blackabee for a Grave [sexton] — 3s 6d

To Widd. Pond [innholder: late Abraham P.] spent at Making my sess. —  2s

To Widd. Ovenden [innholder] for Beere — 2s


Paid Dan. Jarvis for ¼ Chald. of Coales to Frog house [see note] — 7s


To Widd. Goodson [innholder] at makeing the sess. — 7s

To John Cock [Par. Clerk] for makeing a payer Indentures for Mr Tomlins Apprentice — 6s



To Roger Thornden for carrying of Bricks — 1s 4d


For 3¼ yards of Sarge at 2s per yard, with thrid and binding for ye Coate in all — 6s 8d

To Mr [? Peter] Tomlin for Bricks — £8

For Thrid, Silk, Whealboane, and Dymothy for the Coate and one payer of Stocking — 2s 3d


For  a Frock and Britches and Stockins for Westmores [Boy] — 12s 10d


To Edw. Morton [coal merchant] for two Chalder of Coales — £2 16s 6d

To Tho. Blackabee [coal merchant] for one Chalder of Coales — £1 8s

To Mr Smith for setting Will. Ovendens Shoulder [see note] — 10s

For Beere when we went to Straine [distrain] — 6d

[Beer flowed on all Pish. Occasions – sess, signing of indentures, distraining, burials, watching the sick, taking oath for burial certificate; even when the Clergy met about Church affairs; even the Deputies and the Mayor of Dover were not immune]


Page 55

Autograph signatures

May 1697, p. 236

“All these Accts. for both the foregoing yeares are seene, passed, and allowed by us whose names are hereunto subscribed, and there remains due to the Parrish the summe of five pounds six shillings and tenn pence in old money which was paid by Rob. Gore to Tho. Fuller, by Tale conteyning thirteen ounces by weight, att 5s 2d per ounce, and paid to him thirteen shillings new money for one third of his sesse.”

Thomas Sackett (coal merchant)

Thomas Baker (cooper)

Robt. Smith (butcher)

Valt. Hogben (mariner)

Richard Sackett (farmer, Northdown)

Richard Prince (gent.)

Tho. Fuller (yeoman)

Roger Taddy (yeoman)

Tho. Troward

Stephen Greedier (shopkeeper)


King’s duty on deaths and births. On p.238 we find the earliest mention of this objectionable tax. All the burials of the poor are taxed, and the Overseers have to pay. So far, only one birth mentioned, and that is possibly illegitimate.

Journey to London. We have no data as to charge, except these Accts. The charge of 2s is absurd, for we know what it cost to go to town in Kent. A hundred years later the fare by hoy was 2s 6d; by Coach £1 3s 6d.

Roger Taddy, Overseer (yeoman)

Robert Gore, Overseer (shoe maker)

Vincent Barber for Thomas Moye, Overseer,  (mariner)

Daniel Basden, rope maker


Page 56



Paid to Henry Blaskaby [sexton] for Widd Pikes funeral Charges — 3s 6d

Spent at Goody Swanton [innholder] at makeing my Sesse — 6s

Paid Joseph Ruttland [carpenter] for Widd Pikes Coffin — 7s

Paid to Mr Payne [? Wm.] the Kings dutyes on her death — 4s

To Mr Birsham for 3 years quit rent for Goodman Fox — 2s 3d


To Paul Swinford [yeoman and carter] for varying the Poors Coales —  6d

Spent at putting Wyatts Girle Apprentice [drinks] — 2s 6d

Paid to Widd. Lister with the Girle [Martha L. of York deeds] — £7

For makeing the Indentures — 5s

Paid to Sales (sails) for Henry Strood [evidently a sailor] — 10s

To Goody Ford for Cureing Widd Pikes Legg — 2s 6d

To Mr Watts [John W. chirurgeon] for Cureing of Fashams Legg — £1 10s



Spent at Goody Swanton [inn] at makeing my sess — 5s

To Rich Knock [one of the poor] on exchanging 5s badd money — 1s 8d

To Daniel Basden to ye use of Mr Spratt [an enigma, ? a lawyer] — £1


To John Westmor to goe to London — 5s

To Henry Mogue for carry Westmore to London [carrier ?] — 2s

To Mr [John] Prince for Beere [Margate Ale brewer] — 4s 6d

To Marksella [? Marcella] Swanton for John Read [? the innholder]  — 16s

To Vall. Jewell [grocer] for Kings sess — 2s


Page 57

Autograph signatures

Oct. 1697, p. 246

Thomas Sackett (coal merchant)

Walter Tomlin (farmer, Northdown)

Thomas Baker (cooper)

Andrew Hurst (carpenter)

Richard Sackett (farmer)

Robert Smith (butcher)

Vincent Barber (carpenter)


Thomas Fuller, Overseer (yeoman)

Richard Sackett, Overseer (farmer, Northdown)

Andrew Hurst, Overseer (carpenter)



Autograph signatures

May 1698, p. 254

John Mussred (yeoman)

Andrew Hurst (carpenter)

Richard Crofts (yeoman)

Roger Omer (yeoman)

John Brooman II (draper)

Robert Smith (butcher)

John Watts (chirurgeon)

Stephen Greedier (grocer)



Edward Phillpott, Overseer (? mariner:  in 1666)

Valentine Jewell, Overseer (grocer)


Autograph signatures

Jan. 1698, p. 257

Robert Smith, Churchwarden (butcher)

David Turner, Overseer (brewer)

Richard Crofts, Overseer (yeoman)

John Brooman II, Overseer (draper)


Thomas Grant (mason)

Stephen Greedier jun.

Thomas Huffam (blacksmith)


John Sauige = Savage, the master of the White Hart. The use of u for v was common at this date. John Cock often employs it.


Page 58



Paid for a Warrant to remove Meekens —  1s

Spent att Widd Perkins [? 5 Bells] att choseing of Officers —  4s 6d


For carrying the Woman to be buried which died in John Sauiges  stable [Savage] —  2s 6d

Paid to Charges concerning the Woman which came from Flanders —  7s 10d


To John Castle for Widd Pagues debt for milk [carrier: also milkman] —  7d

To Goody Ford for cureing Goody Hubbards Arme (see p. 240) —  2s 6d

To a payer of Pattins making [Mid. Engl. Paten, a clog] —  6d

Paid Mr Chewney as per Bill [Mr Nicholas C. chirurgeon] —  17s



Spent with Romansgate Officers [Ramsgate in 17th and 18th Cent.] —  1s

            To a Messenger to Street —  4d


To Wm. Pierce for Cureing Punnetts children of Scalle Head [Scald; Tinea favosa] —  £2

To Compossison (composition) money for Tho. Troward —  £1 8s 6d

Paid for John Reads and Randalls Indentures on stampt paper [evidently new] —  6s 6d

Spent at Seeling Reads Indentures [drinks] —  2s 3d


For leather and tasks for Peach [a destitute shoemaker] — 10s 3d

For salve for Widd Copper at severall times —  1s 11d        

For Drink at Widd Fashams Funerall — 2s 6d

For Grave and Knell and to the Minister in all [John Johnson Vic.] — 3s 6d

For the Kings Dutyes on Buriall of Peter Marsh, John Fashams wife, Widd Foreman, and birth of Alice Poynters Child — 14s


To Counsellor Randolph for Advise concerning removing people out of the Pish. — 10s


Page 59

Autograph signatures

July 1699 p. 270

John Mussred, Churchwarden (yeoman)

Roger Omer, Churchwarden (yeoman)

Peter Sacket, Overseer (maltster)

John Covell, Overseer (yeoman)


Daniel Swinford (carter: prob. farmer)

Roger Taddy (yeoman)

Robert Smith (butcher)

Stephen Greedier (shopkeeper)

Peter Tomlin (brick maker: farmer)

Thomas Grant (mason)

Daniel Basden (rope maker)


John Brooman II, Overseer (draper)

Richard Croft, Overseer (yeoman)

Mr Turner, Overseer  (must be David T. brewer: John T. died in 1682)

The Wenches would probably be the loose women of the town

Badges The equivalent for the modern workhouse uniform. ‘By a statute of William III persons receiving parochial relief and their wives and children were required (under the punishment for refusal of imprisonment or whipping, or of having the relief  withdrawn) to wear a badge on the shoulder of the right sleeve – that is to say, a large P., together with the first letter of the parish, cut in red or blue cloth; and a penalty was imposed on overseers relieving poor persons not wearing such badge. The provision (a revival of a much earlier law) continued down to 1810, when it was abolished.’ Enc. Brit. Vol xix (9th Ed), p. 467: see also p. 464


Page 60



To 2 letters from Mr Moore, ironmonger, and stoping his proceedings against North — 4d

Spent at a Meeting at the Five Bells to take distresses for non payment of the Poore Sess. [Earliest mention of inn by name; certainly older than this] — 2d

To Mr. Watts [John W. chirurgeon] in full for the Cure of Susan Allin — £1 5s



For a Warrant from Dover for to remove Tho. Athorne to St Peters — 2s

For two Acts of  Parliament for the poore — 2s

To Goody Reynolds for Scoking (?) Goodman Fox, and help otherwise— 2s 6d

Spent at Widd Perkins 2s 6d [? 5 Bells], being one half the Charge spent there when ye Churchwardens and Overseers gave up their Accts [Conscience ?] — 2s 6d

Paid John Goldfinch [carrier] for carrying a person to St Laurence — 2s

To Mr Bushell in part of Rent for the Pish house — £7

For a Jorney to Dover about the Wench at John Benets, and for a Warrant to distraine — 7s 8d


To Edw. Digges with his Apprentice — £7

Spent at Mr Bushells [prob. John Bushell of Signe of the Rose] — 2s

To Mr David Turner [brewer] about his [Pish] boy falling in the well — 15s

For an Order of Sessions for to Whip the Wenches — 6s 3d

To Widd. Copper Knetting a payer of Stockings — 1s

Paid Composition money — £1 6s 8d

For making the Badges for the poor — 6s

To Mr Goldfinch for Coles [wid. of Steph. G. coal merchant carried on] — £4


Page 61

Autograph signatures

Sept. 1700, P. 287

John Johnson, minister (the famous scholar)

John Brooman II, Churchwarden (draper)

Roger Omer (yeoman)

David Turner (brewer)

Peter Tomlin (brick maker; farmer)

Wm. Petken (brewer)

John Watts (surgeon)

Vall. Jewell (grocer)

Richard Sackett (farmer, Northdown)


Roger Omer, Overseer (yeoman)

William Symons, Overseer  (farmer)

John Cowell, Overseer (farmer)

Peter Sackett, Overseer  (maltster)

Mr. Bushell  = Mr John Bushell of the Signe of the Rose

Wid. Goldfinch, Coal merchant: wid. of Steph. G. coal merchant; she carried on

Denis Debuck. Evidently Debock, which is frequent later. Hence Isaac Debock Kennard.

Roger Thornden  (carter: Henry T. was carter in 1692, p. 195)

The Cage. Earliest mention so far. In ‘New M. and R. Guide in Letters to a Friend’, [1789] p. 33 – ‘Near this is the Town Hall, under which is a cage to immure offenders against the law, during the pleasure of the magistrate.’


Page 62



To Tho. Brooman [coal merchant] for half a Chalder of Coles — 11s 6d

To Joseph Rutland [carpenter] for work about Frog house — 2s 10d

To Edw. Chambers [shoemaker] for Shoes for the poor — 17s 6d

To Andrew Hurst for mending the Cage [carpenter] — 2s 6d


Relates to money due to Mr Roger Omer from the Pish, Sept. 16 1700, “which is allowed him in full for and concerning the money due to him from the parish, which money he was out in the Suit of Law  with Mr Payne concerning a Deputy sess.”



To Wm. Norwood [coal merchant] for Coales for the poor — £1 1s


For Salve for Jarvis boy — 6d

For Yarne for Wyatts Girle — 7d

To Widd. Jenkins Licence [for what ?] — 3s 6d

To Edward Patch for leather [destitute shoemaker] — 11s 6d

Paid for Burial of Widd. Copper and Punnits wife — 7s

Paid the Kings Dutyes for Copper — 4s

Paid Mr Smith [surgeon] for Constables Thygh [see note p. 53] — £4

To John May [carrier] for carrying Mary Allin to Canterbury — 2s

To Thomas Doncaster [coal merchant] for Coales — 17s 3d

To Wm. Reynolds [coal merchant] for Coales — £6 3s 4d

To a Cow for Widd. Poynter — £3 10s


Page 63

Autograph signatures

June 1701, p. 301

James Smith (mariner: Pier Accts.)

Tho. Fuller (yeoman; Reg. for Briefs, 1698, p. 77)

Roger Omer (yeoman; Deputy 1695)

David Turner (brewer)

John Watts (chirurgeon)

Stephen Greedier (shopkeeper)

Vall. Jewell (grocer)

John Brooman II (draper)


Walter Tomlin, Overseer (farmer, Northdown)

Jeffery Reade, Overseer

Dr Jarvis is probably the Dr Edw. Jarvis mentioned in Val. Jewell’s will, 1729, in York deeds. ‘The herring house ner Edw. Jarvis Dockter’. We find Dr Jarvis mentioned 8 times between 1700 and 1714, but no Christian name is ever  given.

Armanel Pond (innholder) is a woman. Name very unusual: ? Armorel. Last ref. to Abraham Pond in 1688. In 1694-5 we find Widow Pond. Can this be Abraham’s widow?

James Morton (collector of King’s taxes: Window Tax)

John Idley (shopkeeper)

John Bennett (butcher)

Henry Lemmond (later Lemon), farmer, Westbrook

Wm. Petken (brewer): Deputy, 1694


Jonathan Inwards

Edw. Grant

Sam. Laming

John Foreman

John Green

Sam. Taylor

John Ruff

Tho. Bird

John Nelson (mariner)


Page 64



To Henry Kerby [shoemaker] to buy his boy Cloathes when putt Apprentice — £1

To a poor woman that was brought to bed — 1s 2d

To the Midwife for bringing her a bed — 5s

To Dr Jarvis for Coppers boy [? Dr Edw. Jarvis; his first mention] —1s 6d

To Mr [William] Petken for Beer at Fix and Bubers funeral — 6s 4d


For Indentures for Russells boy — 6s

Spent when the Boy was Bound — 1s 6d

Paid Widd Perkins [? Five Bells] for Allowances about the Parish houses — 3s 4d


For dutyes of Birth and Death of Edw. Grants child [mariner] — 6s

Paid Paul Hart (innholder) which he expended for a Boate to Endeavour to Cleare Wm. Bradford [mariner in Reg. for Briefs, 1697, p. 77] — 4s

To Mr Jarvis [Dr Edw. J.] for looking after Sam. Laming — £1


To Rob. Peirce [? fisherman] for or towards byeing him a Boate — £1



For 60 Sacks at one shilling and tenn pence per sack (receipts) — £5 10s


Expenses at Dover when Mr Payns Appeale was heard about Apprentices — £1 16s

Paid more at same time to Mr Bedingfield for ? Indentry — £1 4s 6d

Paid to Mr Bedingfield for an Order of Court against Mr Payn — 4s

Spent at Armanel Ponds [inn] about Parrish business — 3½d

Paid for Sending a great Bellyed woman to Minster — 5s


Charges at Dover for Affidavit and Warrant against Mr Grant about his Apprentice. — 7s 10d


Page 65


David Turner, sen., Overseer (brewer)

David Turner, jun., Overseer

Roger Laming, Overseer  (if sen., Dukes Head; if jun., hoyman)

Roger Omer, Overseer  (Deputy 1793; yeoman)

Thomas Sprackling, carpenter (E. K. Rowe’s deeds, 1796)

Mr Bedingfield, ? Clerk of Session, or lawyer at Dover ? (see last line)

Stone in the bladder. During the 25 years in which I was in practice, I never saw a case, except one at the R.S.B.H. Several appear in the Rate books and several in the Reg. for Briefs; so it would seem to have been a by no means uncommon complaint in 17th and 18th century.

Apprenticeship. It would be very interesting if we could find some of these old indentures. It is interesting to note that girls are apprenticed as well as boys, and by no means always to a woman or to a woman’s trade. We find children apprenticed to innholders. Whether, in the case of girls, it was merely a more binding form of domestic service, is worth following up.

Domestic surgery seems to have been rife at this period, and the Overseers paid these amateur practitioners quite generously. One man is evidently the village bone-setter, and is paid for setting an old womans broken arm. The rest are chiefly ‘wise women’, who cure ulcers of legs, the itch, scalled head (the now very rare disease of the scalp known as Favus), and other minor surgical ailments.

Clement Bedingfield was a small farmer at Garlinge.


Page 66



To Tho. Sprackling [carpenter] for work done at the Parish house — £1 1s

To Goody Poynter, Goody Beere, and Goody Wisdon for Spinning — 5s

To Alice Poynter, Goody Grant, Goody Barts (many entries at 2s each)


To Mr Laming for to pay for cutting Symmons boy [stone in bladder] — £8 14s 1½d

Paid to a Brief of Sessions — 1s 6d

Paid Mr Bedingfield [? of Dover] for Indentures — 14s

Paid for a Warrant to remove George Smith to St Nicholas — 1s 6d

To carrying Thread to Weavers — 1s

For carrying straw to Frog house [John Lewis, 2nd ed., p. 159] — 2s

Paid for plowing three Acres of ground for Widd. Poynter — 16s


Paid for bringing 5 hundred weight of Hemp to Sampston [Salmestone] — 1s 2d

Paid Matt. Constable [thatcher] for work at Frog House — 2s 7½d

Spent at ye Five Bells on Easter Day [second mention by name] — 6d

Paid Francis Saadcroft [weaver] for weaving Sacks — £2 4s 2d

For making 115 Sacks at one penny per Sack — 16s 3d

To Widd. Hall to spinning one Dozen of Hemp — 2s

Paid Mr Prince the Composition money paid at Dover — £1 6s 8d

Paid Mr Chewney [Nich. C. chirurgeon] for Cureing Foremans Legg — £4 14s

For Straw for Frog house — 9s 6d

Paid John Goatley for work about Frog House — 1s 2d

To Goddy Dadds for Cureing Jarvis [prob. Dan. J. of Frog house] — 1s 6d


Henry Blackaby for Grave and Knell for Westover — 2s 6d


Page 67

Richard Prince, Overseer (gent. in Mill Lane deeds:? Is it the same man)

Stephen Greedier, Overseer (shopkeeper)

‘The Company to be in Armes’  This reference is of special interest in relation to our position as a limb of Dover. I cannot trace any allusion to ‘musters’ of our armed Company in ‘Jeckes’ Charters of the Cinque Ports’, ‘Index to the Table Book of the Cinque Ports’, or in Prof. Montague Burrows ‘History of the Cinque Ports.’ But the institution of such armed bands must have been very early. Margate became a limb of Dover in 1229, and it would surely be one of our obligations as a limb of Dover that we should establish an armed Company. There is a very full and interesting reference to ‘the Muster’ in John Lewis, 2nd ed, p 132 and 133, and in the Appendix pp. [90, 91], 1660 and 1662 we hear ‘Colonel Strand, Governor of Dover Castle, his Letter to the Captains of the Train’d Bands, relating to Margate Piere’, and ‘the Captain’s Summons to the Piere Wardens’. The place of Muster would be in Cold Harbour, hard by our ancient fort, as all through the South of England Cold Harbour was the name used for the mustering place of the trained bands. The Cold Harbour at Sandwich, for instance, was the green adjoining the Bulwark.

St Peters Fair. John Lewis, 2nd ed. P. 160, says ‘Here are two Fairs, or rather Wakes, kept every Year, viz., one upon June 29th, being St Peter’s Day, and the other on March 25th, or Our Lady’s day’. No date given for the origin of these two Fairs. [for Northdown Faire see idem p. 156]

The Sergeant This may refer to the Town-sergeant of Dover. Until our incorporation it is unlikely that we should have had such an officer. This allusion is very difficult to explain.


Page 68



To Gabriel Wild for 1½ Chalder of Coales for ye poor [coal merchant] — £1 11s 6d

To Mr Turner [David] which he paid for 500 of Hemp, and spinning and conveing thereof: — £12 11s 8d

To Rich. Laming for weaving 49¾ yds att 2 pence per yard — 8s 8½d

Paid by Mr Laming, one of the Overseers, for three proclaimacons, one being to proclaime the Queene (Anne), and for an Order for the Company to be in Armes


For the Composition money — £1 6s 8d

To Wm. Castle with his Apprentice — £10

To Paul Sackett with his Apprentice — £7 10s

For laying forth Wm. Ovenden — 1s

For his Lodgeing — 1s

For his Keeping —3s 6d

For his Coffin — 7s

For drink — 3s

To Hen. Blackaby for funeral Charges in all — 3s 6d

To Widd. Norwood at St Peters Faire for Coate and Britches — 10s

Paid Edw. Dads wife in part for Cureing Punnits heads — £1

Paid at Dover for a Warrant for Mr [David] Turner — 1s

Paid for a Warrant in Generall — 1s

Paid for a Warrant for John Jarvis — 1s

To the Serjant for fetching them — 6d

To Mr Bedingfield at passing the Accts., by Order of Mr Mayor [of Dover] — 2s

To Paul Sacketts Indentures (with his apprentice) — 3s 6d

Spent at Sealing of them — 1s 6d


Page 69

Autograph signatures

Ap. 1703, p. 329

Roger Taddy (yeoman: reg. for Briefs., 1698, p. 77)

Edward Bing (farmer and carter, Under Nash, Fleet and Lydden)

Thomas Grant (mason)

Richard Henneker

John Ovenden (glazier)

Thomas Sackett (coal merchant)

Thomas Huffam (blacksmith)

John Garney (carter: probably a farmer, under N. F. and L.)

John Brooman II (draper)

Wm. Payne (? Attorney)

Richard Stoacks (mariner: Pier Accts.)


Edward Bing, Overseer (farmer and carter)

Robert Sackett, Overseer (maltster)

Thomas Bishop, Town Crier. The second name mentioned. Crying is mentioned in 1688, but no name is given.

Goody Yeomans (innholder: wife of Stephen Yeomans, innholder)

Sack. From French sec, dry. Originally, one of the strong light coloured wines brought to England from Spain and the Canary Islands, especially those which were dry and rough. In the 17th century the name seems to have been given to all strong white wines from the South, as distinguished from Rheinish wines.

Jerkin. Old Dutch jurken. A short closefitting coat or jacket, worn in 16th and 17th centuries.


Page 70



To Punnits Garles (girls)  for 4 pounds of Soape [they probably needed it] —  1s 7d


For Twine and Needle for the Sackes — 1s 4d

For 23½ lb of work spun by Widd. Hall at 2d per pound — 3s 11d

 To Francis Sandcroft [weaver] for 35 yards of Cloth — 5s 10d

Spent at Goody Yeomans [inn] when the Sess was made — 2s

To Rich. Laming [weaver] for 38 yards of Sacking — 6s 4d


To Thomas Tree [carter or carrier] for the Carry of Straw — 1s


To Thomas Huffams wife for Cureing Haseltons Legg — £1


To Thomas Powell in Lameness — 1s

To Widd. Hall in time of the Small Pox — 2s 6d

To Thomas Bishop for Crying Widd. Baylyes Goods — 4d

For a quarter of a pint of Sack for Widd. Bayly — 3d

To Matt. Constable for thatching Frogg house [thatcher] — 4s

For Shifts and Hatt for Coppers boy — 4s

For making him Jerkin and Britches — 8s


For the [Queen’s] Dutie on the Burialls of Ovenden, Fashen, and Jarvis boy —  12s


For ye Queens dutyes for Widd. Baylyes death — 4s

To myself [John Cock, Par. Clerk and shoemaker] with my Apprentice — £12 10s


For the Queenes Dutyes for Widd. Bards death — 4s

For Dutyes for Goodman Thorndens death — 4s


Page 71

Autograph signatures

May 1704, p. 341

Richard Prince (gent in deeds)

Daniel Swinford (carter: probably farmer)

Tho. Sladden (carpenter)

John Hurst (shopkeeper: sells pattens)

Will. Norwood (coal merchant)

Wm. Payne (? attorney)

John Brooman II (draper)

Roger Omer (Deputy 1693: yeoman)

Walter Tomlin (farmer, Northdown)

Tho. Grant (mason) (T.G. also a mariner: bur. 2 June 1714. He may be the Deputy, and not the mason]


Edward Bing, Overseer (farmer and carter)

John Gurney, Overseer (carter and farmer)

John Turner, Overseer (carpenter; bur 14 May, 1682) Can’t be this man; so it is probably John Turner, Hoyman.

Thomas Sladden, Overseer  (carpenter)

John Hurts, Overseer (shopkeeper; sells pattens)

Mrs Petken, wid. of Wm. Petken, brewer. She carried on. Henry Patken, their son, succeeds to the business later, and, like his father, was a Deputy. They were both men of importance in the town.


Edw. Norwood

Rich. Jarman (labourer)

Marcellas Swenton

Wm. Friend (carter)

Stephen Pett


Page 72



To Goody Huffam for Cureing Edw. Norwoods fingers [blacksmith’s wife]  — 10s

To Queens Dutys for Buriall of Strood and Foremans child — 8s


To John Turner [hoyman] for carrying away a beggar boy — 2s 6d

To  Vall. Jewell [grocer] the Composition money — £1 6s 8d

To Rich. Sackett for Dutyes on Buriall for two poor people — 8s

To James Yeomans [carpenter] for work about the Pish house — 8s 6d


Paid to Mr Prince [Richard] which he had disbursed to Jennings of Minster for Cureing of Canabys boys heads — £2


To Stephen Solley [carpenter] for a Coffin for Mary Fasham — 8s

 To Mrs Petken [brewer] for Beer at her burial — 3s 6d


To Marcellus Swinton in his Sickness — 4s

To Rob. Smith [butcher] for Composition money at Dover — £1 6s 8d

To a Dutchman per Capt. Turner [John T. hoyman] — 1s


Vall. Jewell [grocer] for ye Dutyes for Buriall of Westmor — 4s


Paid to Armanel Pond [innholder] with her Apprentice — £4 13s


To John Pannell for Dutyes on Buriall of two poor people — 8s

Paid for a Warrant to destraine for Sessers when they went to show cause for not paying, and for 2 Jorneys (to Dover) — 13s 4d


[Last 3 entries belong to this year]


For Flints Girle passage to London [? by hoy] — 2s


To Martin Sprackling [carpenter] for a Coffin — 8s


Page 73

Autograph signatures

May 1705, p. 358

Daniel Swinford (carter and ? farmer)

Will. Norwood (coal merchant)

John Watts (? Chirurgeon)

John Grant

Wm. Payne (attorney ?)

Stephen Higgins

Richard Prince (gent)

Roger Whitehead (cooper)

John Brooman II (draper)


James Mount

Rich. Hogbin

Andrew Reed.


Autograph signatures

May 1706, p. 363

Daniel Swinford (carter and ? farmer)

Will. Norwood (coal merchant)

Peter Sackett (maltster)

John Cowell (yeoman)

Thomas Bing (maltster)

Richard Prince (gent in deeds)


Socking Cloth.  See Parish and Shaw, Dict. of Kentish Dialect  ‘To sock’ is to shroud or wrap a corpse in grave clothes: to sew a body in its winding sheet.

Sperkett Cent. Dict: also spirket. Origin obscure: ‘A large hooked wooden peg, to hand saddles or harness on.’

 John Scoates, Overseer  (carpenter)

Stephen Baker, Overseer (mariner)


Page 74



Spent at Goodly Yeomans [inn] when my Book was made — 3s 6d


To John Pannell [yeoman] for Dutyes on Burialls — 14s


To Stephen Yeomans wife [inn] for Th. Powells Lodgeing and Victuals — £1 14s

To eight Seamen which came one Shore with a Pass — 2s 6d

To Edw. Norwoods Lodgeing when put out of doors [evicted] — 2s 6d

To two Seamen which were Cast away, with a Pass — 2s 6d

To John Gurney [farmer] Dutyes for Burialls — 16s

To 12 Dutchmen per Order — 5s

To two poore Cripples — 1s


To a Waygoeing woman — 4s 6d

To her more at going away — 5s 8d


To Vall. Jewell [grocer] Composition money — £1 6s 8d

For a Socking Cloth. [second allusion to a Sock: see note] — 2s 3d

To Goody Blackabee for Surrups for Knights wife — 6d


For a new Well Corbe at Frogg house [John Lewis 2nd ed. p. 159] — 8s

To Wm. Granger mending irons [blacksmith] — 4d

For a new Lidd and Rowle — 2s

To John Gurney for Dutyes for Burialls — 16s

For work done at Frogg, and a bundle of Lathes — 1s 4d

For two Raffters — 2s 6d

For fower Sperketts  — 4d

For 12 foot of Eaves board — 6d

For putting Rayles work, Nayles and Stuff — 6d

For part of a Slitt deales — 6d


Page 75

Autograph signatures

Ap.1706, p. 374

Will. Norwood (coal merchant)

Peter Sackett (maltster)

Daniel Swinford (carter and ? farmer)

John Turner (hoyman)

Tho. Small

Richard Sackett (farmer: Northdown)

Walter Tomlin (farmer, Northdown)

John Watts (? Chirurgeon)


Stephen Wattler

John Hurst

Tho. Beak


William Norwood, Overseer  (coal merchant)

Stephen Higgins, Overseer

Mr Gyles, Overseer

John Scoates, Overseer (carpenter)

Stephen Baker, Overseer (mariner)

Waygoing. This is the correct term, for there was an Act of Parliament about waygoing people. The Overseers had soft hearts for the women. Women always get about 3 times more than the men. The first 8 lines on this page is a good instance of the treatment of a waygoing woman by the overseers.

The new Stocks We would give something to know when the first stocks were built in Margate. In any case, the old ones existed in previous century. They were in use 4 times in 1826, when they were in the Market.

Coffin and burial suit. The idea is prevalent that a coffin was not needed when a burial suit was used. Both were used, as shown here.


Page 76



To 3 Gallons and a Pottle of Wheat the Woman had — 1s 6d

To the poor Waygoing woman more — 3s 6d

For a Coffin for her child — 3s 6d

The Buriall Charges all — 3s 6d

To John Bennet [butcher] for a Sheeps head for her — 6d

To Goody Jarman [shopkeeper] for Wheat the Waygoing woman had — 5s 7d

To Goody Goatley [inn] for trouble and for wheat had of her — 10s

To the midwife for the Waygoing woman — 2s


To Ann Hogbin with Small pox — 5s

To Widd. Smith for the Maid with Small pox — 13s 6d

For carrying her away — 2s

To John Hurst for Pattens for Knights Girl — 11d

To Goody Jarman for Yarne for the Stockings for the Girl — 10d


To 2 whole deales about the Pish house — 2s

To a slitt deale — 1s 8d


Allowed to Vall. Jewell and Edw. Bing for the new Stocks [earliest mention] — 18s 9d


To Widd. Welling for victual and Lodgeing for a Stranger [inn: ? Ship] — 1s


To Tho. Beake a payer of Britches for Peach [the needy shoe maker] — 5s

To Widd. Welling for Drink on the Pish Account — 1s 2d

For the Datyes for Birth of Tho. Harmans child [labourer] — 2s


To Edw. Bing [farmer] for Straw for Frogg house — 5s 6d


For carrying a woman out of the Parish — 3s 6d

For a Coffin and [burial] Suite for Knights boy — 5s


Page 77

Autograph signatures

May 1707, p. 388

Roger Omer (? Capt. Omer, Northdown)

John Cowell (yeoman)

David Turner jun. (? brewer)

Richard Wild

Rob. Giles

Henry Player

Geo. Calmer

Wm. Bubb



Thomas Pannell, Overseer  (miller: had Hunter’s Mill in 1717; bur 24 May 1726)

David Basden, Overseer (rope maker: marr Ann Pamflett, Oct. 1684)

Richard Mockett, Overseer  (mariner: bur 22 Dec 1717; Par. Reg.)



William Skinner, Overseer (? same as Goodman S., 1687, carter or carrier)

Thomas Whitnail, Overseer ( = Whitnall, farmer: bur 20 Mar. 1725: Par. Reg.)

Richard Wild, Overseer

Searching. Two people paid for ‘searching’ in this Volume, and both are women. On p. 475 ‘To Widd. Wilds for searching Susan Whitehead’. One is glad to find that at Margate female suspects or prisoners were searched by women. If the names of the searcher had been the same, one might have regarded it as an official position – a wardress at the Cage, but it seems to have been only a casual office. In those days men and women were huddled indiscriminately in the cage, and the complaint was that there were only male wardens.

Mr Pamflett’s hoy Probably Stephen Pamflett, mariner, bur 25 Aug 1727: Par. Reg.

Thos. Oliver wheelwright (Reg. for Briefs p. 78) followed Henry Blackabee II as sexton. The latter was buried 12 Aug 1796. This is Th. Oliver’s first entry, and the date is after Easter 1707.


Page 78



For Thatching and Materialls about Frogg house — 3s

To John Ovenden [glazier] at Frogg House for Glaseing — 3s 6d

To Goody Yeomans [innholder] for Cureing Punnetts boys heads — £1 2s 6d


To Vincent Barber [carpenter] in part for the new Stocks — 6s


For a Well roape for the Parish houses — 3s


To Widd. George for Serching the Widd. Goldfinch — 1s

To George Hall [draper] for Flaniel to wrap Hedgcocks child [bur. in woollen] — 1s 1d

To Widd. Perkins for drink at Pish Meeting [probably Five Bells] — 2s

 To Widd. Wellen for drink at several times [? Ship] — 3s 7d

To carry Widd. Smith off on Board Mr Pamfletts hoy. — 2s

Spent at Widd. Massingall [inn]

Spent at Widd. Goatley [inn]

Spent at Widd. Jennings [inn]



To Thomas Oliver the Funerall Charges. [see note] — 3s 6d

To Keeping the Way goeing child — 6s

To Widd. Dickson [inn] for Pools Allowances [bricklayer] — 10d

To Rich. Sandwell [coal merchant] for half a chalder of coles for the poor — 17s 6d

To the Bearers for Beere at Widd. Smith’s burying — 4s

To Wm. Pool [bricklayer] for work don about the Pish houses — 7s 6d

To Sarah Randolph for curing Edw. Norwoods finger — 1s


Page 79

George Laming, Overseer (draper)

Richard Wild, Overseer

(i) This is a labour to copy out, but nothing else gives such a vivid idea of the generous way in which the Overseers provided Clothing for the poor people under their care.

Sock, see p. 73 of this M.S.

James Trapham is found as early as 1769 in Pier Acct, and he was clearly a mariner. A mariner in those days was often a ship-owner and an important trader. There was very little difference apparently between the status of a mariner and a hoyman. The hoyman was generally a corn-hoyman, and their voyages were mostly to and from London; the mariner took voyages further afield, even as far as Virginia, and Norway voyages, and those to the Sound, the Bay (Biscay), Spain, and the Canaries are quite common. Mr. F. Stanley has an agreement bearing James Trapham’s signature, dated 1650. Stephen Trapham, 1679, also seems to have been a mariner.


Peter Wootton

Roger Freeman

Geo. Grant


Page 80



To Peach for Leather and other Materialls [3rd gift to the needy shoemaker] — 17s 2d

To John Grainger for 2 Chalder and a half of Coales for the poor [coal merchant] £5 5s


For a payer of Briches for Edw. Peach [shoemaker in need] — 6s

For a Shift and Westcoate for Mary Anderson — 6s 8d

For a Shift for Mary Phillips — 2s 10d

For 2 Shirts for George Grant [can hardly be the draper of that name] — 6s

For 2 Shirts for Edw. Norwood — 6s 6d

For a payer of Briches for old Norwood — 6s 6d

For a Shift, Apron, Bodys, and other things for Mary Askew — 8s 10d

For a Gowne and Coate for her, and another shift — 15s 4d

For a Gowne for Widd. Anderson — 11s 6d

For a shift for Widd. Smith — 2s 10d

For a shift for Widd. Russell — 3s

For a Wastcoate for Widd. Horton — 2s 6d

For a payer of Leatheren Briches for Edw. Peach — 3s 6d

For a Wastcoate, 2 Handchiefts, tape, a shirt, and a sock [= a shroud] — 9s 11d

For 2 Handkerchiffs for Jarmans Girle — 8d

For a shift for Widd. Smith — 2s 10d

For a Blew Apron for Mary Phillips — 1s 3d

For a payer of Spactacles and a Case for her — 6d

For a shroud for Widd. Smith — 3s 6d

For a Rugg for Geo. Grant — 5s 6d

For a Blew Shirt for old Norwood — 3s 6d


Page 81

Autograph signatures

May 1708 p. 399

Tho. Grant (mason: may be the mariner)

James Taddy (yeoman)

George Laming (draper)

Edw. Durrant

Lazarus Sampson (farmer, Northdown)

Richard Prince (gent)

John Cowell (yeoman)

John Turner (hoyman)


Lazarus Sampson, Overseer  (farmer, Northdown)

John Turner, Overseer (hoyman). The John Turner, carpenter, who figures frequently in the early pages, died in May 1682; the only other John Turner whom I can trace was the hoyman who was married in 1697.

Roger Pannell is mentioned as a miller in Par. Reg., under burial (not his b.) in 1701. On the next page we find Roger Pannell as an innholder, and this is the only mention of him in this capacity up to 1716. Were there two Roger Pannells, with different trades, or one man with 2 trades? R.P. had Mill Lane Mill in 1717.

Death of Widow Pegden. This is clearly something unusual. It may be small pox, but it is curious that none of the other cases had these details associated with them, such as cleaning the house and putting a lock and staple on the door. Moreover, the charge ‘for laying her forth’ is double the usual fee. It is too late for plague, but it was evidently something of a particularly virulent nature.


Page 82



For a Boys Coate for Hedgcocks child — 7s 6d

For a Yellow Wastcoate for Mary Phillips! — 2s 6d

For a payer of Briches for Goodman Powell — 11s

For seaven Ounces of Yarne for Mary Phillips — 1s 2d

For a Coate and Shift for Mary Swinford — 6s 10d

For a pyer of Stockings for Goodman Powell — 1s 8d

For a Ropper for Mary Askew! — 3s


To Roger Pannell [miller] for 2 Bushells of Meale at 3s 8d — 7s 4d

To Mr [John C. farmer] Covell for a Bushell of wheat — 3s 6d

For Carring Thomas Powell to Church [burial] — 2s


Spent at Roger Pannells [see note] — 2s 2d

To John Idley for half a bushel of wheat [shopkeeper] — 2s 6d



For laying out Widd. Pegden — 4s

For Socking for her [see p. 73 of this M.S.] — 3s

For a Coffin for her [here both woollen and coffin are specified] — 8s

For Grave and all Charges for Minister and Clark — 3s 6d

Paid in her Sickness — 3s 6d

For Carrying her to Church — 3s

Paid cleaning out the house — 1s

For a Lock and Staple — 8d


Page 83

Autograph signatures

July 1709, p.412

Thomas Huffam (blacksmith)

John Gurney (carter: prob. farmer)

John Musered (yeoman: bur. 25 Aug 1707)

John Prince (? Ale brewer)

James Taddy (yeoman)

John Goldfinch, his mark (carrier)

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster: first mention)

John Russell (farmer, Northdown)



John Musered was Deputy in 1684. All early signatures are Mussred: so in Par. Reg.)

Edw. Durrant Name evidently so pronounced. In 1687, p.104 (p. 33 of this M.S.) we find the signature of John Durante (prob. father of Edward). In Par. Reg. we find John Durrant. The whole thing is phonetic.

grist  = grain carried to the mill to be ground separately for its owner; literally ‘a grinding’. Numerous references at this period.

The Brooks.  An interesting early reference. In the map of Thanet in Harris’ History of Kent we find ‘The Brooks or Mere’, and in John Lewis 2nd ed p. 136, we have ‘West-brooke, (so called) from being situate on the West side of the Mere, just by Mergate, commonly called the Brooks’.



‘Forfitt or refusal of Warrant’— John Gurney and Rob. Gore were both recent Overseers, which offers some element of explanation (p. 52 of this M.S.)

‘Ale drapers’ at present is meaningless.

James Taddy and Roger Taddy  were brothers, and were Overseers at the same time, in 1709 (see p. 413)


Page 84



To George Laming [draper] for Cloth — £1 5s 6d

To Mr [Stephen] Higgins for the Composition money — £1 6s 8d


To Idsleys wife for heaving the poores coles — 6d

To Charge of Buriall dues for Edw. Norwood — 3s 6d

To Michael Hecos [? Hughes] wife for ½ a Bushell of Mault — 1s 6d

To Widd. Baker [grocer] for Chese for Hecos wife — 2s 10d

To Roger Pannell for Meale for Hecos — 3s 9d


Spent when we sent for a Warrant to remove Beau — 1s 6d

To Hecos wife a peck of wheat and a peck of barley — 1s 11d

To John Scoates [carpenter] for a Coffin for a Stranger — 8s

To Michael Hecos wife for a Grist — 2s 6d

To Geo. Grant [draper] for Linine Cloth for Tho. Powell [burial] — 6s 11d

To Tho. Randalls wife for a grist — 4s 6d

To Tho. Oliver for bringing the Beire and helping about burring Rob. Sackett — 6d


Spent when we distrained the Brooks — 1s 6d

Spent at Will. Massingalls at Binding out Emptage [Apprenticeship] — 1s 11d



Recd. of Gurney the forfitt on refusal of Warrant [see note] — £5

Recd. of him more the fines on Ale Drapers (?) [writing clear: meaning the reverse] — 15s

Recd. of Rob. Gore for fines —  3s 4d 

[Does this refer to p. 216, 5 June 1695 – p. 52 of this MS? ‘Ale Drapers’ is a puzzle]


Page 85

Autograph signatures

May 1710, p.424

Robert Giles

Roger Whithead (cooper)

Daniel Swinford (carter: ? farmer, Westbrook)

Wm. Payne (? attorney)

John Brooman II (draper)

Tho. Sladden (carpenter)

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster)


John Norwood, Overseer (cord wainer: who became insane. Father of John Norwood, mariner)

Carries to London. This gives one a better idea of the fare, p. 417

Doct. Spratt only appears once in this book: we don’t know if he was a physician, or a D. D. or D. C. L.

Mrs Savige  is clearly Mary Savage, widow of John Savage, of White Hart.

Roger Thornden (carter or lime burner)

Nicholas Poole (bricklayer: Wm. Poole in same trade; a family calling)


Jonas Stone

Roger Freeman

James Salter

John Edley

Rob. Settree

Vincent Knott

Tho. Beale

Will. Goodwin


Page 86



For a Warrant to remove James Salter, and for ye officers — 2s 6d

To laying Edw. Peach forth, and drink at Burying him — 5s

More for looking after him in Sickness — 1s 6d

To John Gurner due on Bill for Clothes for the poor — 9s

For a Gallon of Meale for Wm. Emptage — 1s 2d

To an Ox Cheeke for him — 9d

For Bread and Herrings for him — 1s

To Roger Thornden Carrying Chalk and Lime to the Parish houses — 7s 6d

To Seaven Pantyles — 9d


To Nicholas Poole [bricklayer] for chalk, Lime, and Work done — 16s 6d

To John Norwood for a payer of Shoes [the cordwainer who went mad] — 4s

To Roger Whitehead for Bottoming a Buckett [cooper] — 4d

To Will. Emptage for putting a post and for the post [carpenter] — 1s

To the Minister paid the Rent of the Almshouses — £9

To Charges spent with Thomas Moye [carrier] about Carrying Roger Freeman to London — 2d

For Carrying him there — 10s

To expenses with Doct. Spratt and Churchwardens — 10s


To removing Vincent Knott — 5s

To Tho. Oliver [sexton] for a Coffin for a poore man which died at Samston, and a grave for him — 5s 4d

To a payer of Indentures [Apprenticeships] go Mrs Savige — 4s


Page 87

Autograph signatures

June 1711, p. 438

Robt. Giles

Roger Whitehead (cooper)

John Pannell (yeoman)

Paul Sackett

Thomas Huffam (blacksmith)

John Russell (farmer, Northdown)

Robert Smith (butcher)


Thomas Sprackling, Overseer (carpenter)

Anthony Walton, Overseer

Daniel Swinford, Overseer (carter: farmer, Westbrook)

Joseph Miles, Overseer (farmer in Nash, Fleet and Lydden, 1718)


John Pannell, Overseer (yeoman)

Paul Sackett, Overseer

John Ovenden, Overseer (glazier)

Roger Whitehead, Church warden (cooper)


John Bards

Rob. Fletcher

Rich. Foad

Rich. Blackbourne

Pat. Patterson

Dan. Ambrose

Rob. Canaby

Rob. Austen

Jas. Grigg

Wm. Bubb


Page 88



For a Window Case and Shutter for Hecos — 3s

To Tho. Friend for Beer — 4d

To Widd. Epslay for Beer — 1s

To John Flagden for Beer (shoemaker) — 2d

[above three not innholders, but more like gifts or casual drinks]

To Hogben [tailor] for making Emptages boys clothes — 3s 6d


To Hecos for a pack (peck) of wheat, barley and mault — 4s


To George Miller spent there [innholder] — 10d



Paid [at an inn] when Hogben was (ar)rested — 2s

Paid to James Grigg with his Apprentice — £8


Spent [on drinks] with the Mayor of Dover [probably part of the ritual] — 1s


To a messenger to fetch Straw, and other expenses, when Jonas Stones wife was confined [she was literally ‘in the straw’] — 2s 1d

To Bubbs wife for looking after a child with the small pox — 5s

To Mr [Dr Edw.] Jarvis for Cureing Jonas Stones wives face — 10s

To repairing of Frogg house

To Richard Joad [coal merchant] for Coles for the poor — £2 19s 4d

For seed to sow Wm. Bubbs growne — 11s


Page 89

Autograph signatures

July 1712, p. 456

Thoms. Witnel ? , churchwarden (farmer: see note)

Vall. Jewell, churchwarden (grocer)

Roger Whitehead (cooper)

Thomas Small

John Gurney (carter: ? farmer)

Ed. Durant

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster)

Richard Sackett (farmer: Northdown)


Stephen Pamflett, Overseer. (mariner: bur 3 Aug 1712). It is by no means certain this this is the man. It is clear that a Stephen Pamflett was master of the Queens Arms. In 1684, p. 70 of text, we find ‘Paid to Stephen Pamflett towards his charge for the Creple’. The said cripple ran up a big bill at the Queens Arms, and the Pish discharged it. As the innholder died before 1788 (for his widow is maintained in that year), we can at once eliminate him.

Thomas Witnel – the worst signature in the book – first appears as Overseer in 1797, and the spelling is then Whitnail, according to John Cock, the Clerk. See Par. Reg. We find that Thomas Whitnall, farmer, was buried on 30 March, 1725.

Smack. Smacke is an old Dutch word. It seems to be a corruption of snack (sm being interchanged for sn). A. saxon snace, a smack or small vessel. Found in A. S. Chronicle, 1066.


Page 90



For a Soulder in need — 6d

To a poore sick boy — 6d


Paid Contribution money (usually called Composition money) — £1 6s 8d

Paid for Removeing the Millers family — 16s 9d

For mending the Windows of the Pish houses before and now — 18s 3d


To Dan. Ambrose Charge about Cleareing him — 8s

To Tho. Sprackling [carpenter] for the Stocks —£1 10s 3d

To the Feoffees rent of the Pish houses — £10


Recd. for Mr Hogben [a late Overseer] for one years rent of land at the Church gate, due at Lady Day, 1711 [? a reference to —  10s the ‘Half Acre’]


[Here  follows numerous entries bearing on Marlborough’s campaignes in Flanders: Ramillies in 1706; Oudenarde in 1708; Malplaquet in 1709; the entries probably relating to still late fighting]


To three poor Seamen. Came with the Deputy — 1s 6d

To six poor Souldiers put on Shore here from Ostend — 1s 6d

To two poor Seamen late taken by the French — 8d

To a poor Seaman broth (brought) to me by the Deputy — 1s 6d

To two poor men that had received a loss by water — 1s

To eight poor Seamen came from Flanders — 2s

To a young man Sick putt on Shore here out of a smak — 1s

To a poor woman and child whose husband was prest (press-gang) — 1s

To two poor Sick Souldiers come from Flanders — 1s

To poor Souldiers when the Duke of Marlbrough come over — 9s 9d


Page 91

Francis Tomlin, Overseer

John Tomlin, Overseer (mariner: bur 12 Jan 1717)

Goodman Randall, and John R., carter and carrier


James Poynter

Edw. Fagg

Rob. Wells

Nich. Titty

Rich. Watson

Edw. Gibbons

Roger Freeman


Names of Farmers in the Assessments of 1716

Mr Mockett (? Richard M.) land at Dandelyon

Walter Tomlin, land at Northdown

Capt. Omer, land at Northdown

Richard Sackett, land at Northdown

Lazarus Sampson, land at Northdown

Peter Sackett, land at Northdown

John Russell, land Northdown


Page 92



To Henry Thornden [carrier] to carry them to Burchington — 2s 4d

To Goodman Randall [carrier] with his Cariage to Burchington — 2s


To a poor man that had a great Loss — 6d

To three poor Dutch Seamen — 1s

To ten poor Souldiers putt on shore from Oastend — 2s 6d

To Mr Sackett as per Bill [attorney] — £2 6s 8d

More for Subpenes and other Charges in order to come to a Tryall with Stone — £1 5s


To Widd. Brook for Entertaining a Stranger one Night — 8d


To Nicholas Norwood for Thatching Frogg house — 2s 8d

To a Soulders wife when brought to bed — 2s

To Roger Freeman a pauer of Britches and towards a Coate — 15s


To the soulders wife more and carriage of her away — 8s

To Hurst and Castle for Tilling Widd. Browns land — £1 4s 6d


To money spent with Stourmouth Officers — 6d

To charge of a Warrant to remove Ewell 1s 6d: removing Ewell 1s 6d — 3s

To Thomas Row mason for work about a house for Widd. Canaby — 5s


To charge of a bed tick for Widd. Fox — 2s


To five Souldiers and three Seamen — 2s

To two Souldiers and a woman — 1s 4d

To a French prisoner — 2d

To six lame Souldiers — 2s 6d

To a Souldiers wife — 2d

To ten Souldiers — 1s 8d


Page 93

Autograph signatures

May 1713, p.467

Wm. Payne (attorney ?)

Richard Sackett (farmer: Northdown)

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster)

Robert Wells (farmer, under N. F. and L.)

James Taddy (yeoman)

John Muzared (yeoman)

John Huenden

Edward Chambers (shoemaker)

Daniel Basden (rope maker)


Joseph Sandwell

Rich. Roberts

Edw. Robson

Tho. Jeffrey

--- Tiddeman

Henry Cock

Jasper Bachell

Wm. Stroud

Dan. Allen

Rob. Flatcher

Wm. Joy

John Stanner, Overseer (shoemaker) At present, the only early Staner with a trade.

James Henneker, Overseer (butcher) J. H.’s will was proved in 1750, and he was the father of Richard H. butcher. Both owned George Heath’s house in High St. deeds only begin in 1746. Jas H. vintner, bur. 29 May 1651; also an early    [illegible]

Mr Sackett, Church warden is probably Richard Sackett

James Taddy, Overseer (yeoman: brother of Roger T.)

The Bedle Probably this Church officer existed for ages before this date. One Parton, was buried on 23 March, 1648, and is described as ‘dog-whipper’, which is the north country name for Church Beadle. No earlier reference at present.


Page 94



To beer at Buriall of Harman — 4s 4d


To Reynalls [tailor] for a Coate mackeing and other things for Browns boy — 3s


Expended on the Mayor and Jurats [of Dover] to get Business done, being not a Court Day [an alcoholic bribe] — 2s

For a warrant for Baker, a warrant for Caswort, a Warrant to distreyn Mr (John) Cowell, and signing of Strounds Indentures — 5s

To Mr (Wm) Payne for a Counsellors fee — 10s

To Mr Payne for a Dover Jounrney — 6s 8d

To Mr Payne for a double and single Warrant [? Attorney] — 2s 6d


To Widd. Wilds for Sarching Susan Whitehead — 1s


To Wm. Stroud with his Apprentice. For Beer at the Sealing 2s — £8 2s

To a Waygoing woman — 2s 6d


To Wm. Joy for takeing Whiteheads boy an Apprentice, which was received with the rents for the houses given by Mr Buller [Francis Buller Charity] — £9

To Joseph Sandwell to take Mary Swinford Apprentice — £6

To a Burying Suite — 3s 6d

To Mr Payne for Charges of removeing Mary Bushell. For a Coach — 1s 6d

Spent with Mr Greedier (shopkeeper: not an inn) — 1s 8d

Paid for removing her — 1s

To the Bedle [first mention of this important functionary] — 1s

To Mr Payne for his own Trouble — 10s

To a Counseller for Advice — 10s


For the Attorneys Fees at Dover — £10 15s 2d


Page 95

Autograph signatures

May 1714, p. 488

Edward Bing (farmer and carter, Westbrook)

Vincent Barber (carpenter)

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster)

Henry Lemon, his mark (farmer, Westbrok)

Ric. Mummery (farmer, N. F. and L.)

Thomas Witnel (farmer, see note page 89 MS., Westbrook)

Robert Wells (farmer, under Nash, Fleet, Lidden)

Thomas Huffam (blacksmith)

John ?Staner (if Staner, a shoemaker, prob. farmer at Westbrook)


Steph. Wattler

Rich. Cockling

Steph. Collens

Jas. Wheales

Rog. Tombe

Rob. Fox

John Powell


James Yeomans, Overseer (carpenter)

Names of farmers in the Assessment of 1716.

Richard Mummery has a piece of land at Nash

John Pannell has a piece of land at Nash

Robert Wells cannot localise: under Nash, Fleet and Lidden.

John Gourney  cannot localise: under Nash, Fleet and Lidden.

(John) Cowell has Parsonage (= Salmestone) and Glebe land = Vicarage

Daniel Swinford Land at Westbrook

Thomas Whitnall Land at Westbrook

John Stanner Land at Westbrook

Henry Lemmond = Lemon has land at Garlinge        

Mr Taddy (prob. James T.) has land at Garlinge

William Read and Clement Bedingfield has land at Garlinge.


Page 96



To Mr [Wm.] Payne for Advice of Counsell [clearly an attorney] — 10s

To Rent of the Pish houses — £6


Paid to Mr. Payne 2s 1d which he paid to Severall persons for Sparrows heads and other Vermin [such as the useful hedgehog] as by Bill — 1s 2d

Paid to Mr Rich. Sackett what he paid for destroying Vermine, and given to Strangers

To Doubty for a dozen of heads — 2d

To Stephen Wattler for 2 wheasells — 2d

To Mr Cowells Servant for 5½ dozen of heads — 11d

To Rich. Cockling for 1 dozen of heads — 2d

To Rob. Peirce for 1 dozen of heads — 2d

To Stephen Collens for 1 dozen of heads — 2d

To Hogbens boy ½ doz of heads — 1d

To Jas. Wheales for a heghogg — 4d

To Mr Grants boy for 5 dozen of heads — 10d

To Capt. Omers Shepard for a hedghogg — 4d

To Mr Prince for 1½ dozen of heads — 3d

To Roger Tombe the Shepard for a hedghogg — 4d

To Rich. Prince for 1½ dozen of heads — 3d

To Tho. Bing for 1 dozen of heads — 2d

To Mr Grant for 1½ dozen of heads — 3d

To Rob. Foxes boy for 2 hedghoggs — 8d

[It is worth noting that several important people figure in this list]


Page 97

Richard Mummery, Overseer (farmer N. F. and L.)

Henry Lemmone, Overseer, spelt also Lemmond and Lemon: farmer at Garlinge

Mrs Glover’s money reads like a bequest, and there is a series of 4 entries all worded in the same way. Page 402 clears up the difficulty, for Mrs Glover was ‘buried in Lynnen’ and the money received for this privilege, £2 10s, was, as usual, devoted to charitable purposes.

Sale of household goods. In 1688 we find ‘paid for Crying of Edward Sandwells Goods’ and in 1702, ‘to Thomas Bishop for Crying the Widd. Baylyes Goods’. Both these people were buried by the Parish. In the case of Edw. Sandwell the Parish paid for his illness and also paid his debts. The Parish seems to have done everything for them when they got past work, and when they died their goods reverted to the Parish. The sum here mentioned is larger than usual.

West Country Journey. This is another example of the generosity of the Overseers. This kind action cost them £8.

Stephen Yoakley, in Cooper’s Marr. Licen, Vol v., is given as a seaman of St Peter’s. He married Mary Culmer of Margate 27 Jan 1709. His relationship to Michael, the founder of Drapers, is not clear. Our Michael was the son of Michael and Joan Yoakley, who had issue Thomas, Michael, and Margaret. Stephen had 3 children, whose entries are all in our Par. Reg.: so Stephen was probably a Margate [or St John’s] man after all. (he comes into the R. Bks. in Oct 1719)


Rob. Tucker

Steph. Yokley


Page 98



To Work and Materialls about Frogg house — 5s 8d

To Swearing of John Powell and Baker and Expenses (= drinks) —5s

For Removeing Robert Tucker and Expenses — 2s 6d

For Removeing Stephen Yokley and Expenses — 1s 6d

For the Carpenters bill for Work about the Pish Houses — 4s 7d

To John Kennett [tailor] per Bill, part of Mrs Glovers money — £1 2s

To Mr Payne for Searching Mr Taddys wills at Court — 1s


Recd. for Widd Grants household goods, and in ready money, as appears by the bill of particular things that were sold — £4 11s 6d



To Mr Paramour for Advice [lawyer] — 3s 6d

To Bubb for a waygoing child — 8s 6d


To Nich. Wellen [coal merchant] for 2½ Chalder of Coles for the poor — £3

To Dadds wife for Cureing Widd. Horton — 2s

Paid for Carrying to the West Country Baker and (his) Goods to Edw. Tibb — £6 10s

More for land carriage in the West Country — £1 10s

To a poor Boy that came from sea — 6d

To Daniel Swinford the Composition money — £1 6s 8d


To Charges for sending away a Woman with child — 1s 6d


Recd. of Severall persons the Charges of distraining — 5s


To Mr Jarvis [Dr Edw. J.] for what he did for Widd. Horton, per bill —£1


Page 99

Autograph signatures

May 1715, p.502

John Cowell (yeoman, Salmeston)

Henry Petken (brewer and maltster)

Roger Laming (Jun.) (hoyman: bur 13 Sept 1743)

Roger Omer (Capt. Omer, Northdown)

Richd. Stoacks (mariner)

Georg Bax

Vall. Jewell (grocer)

John Russell (farmer, Northdown)

Thomas Witnel (Whitell: farmer, Westbrook)

Edward Bing (farmer and carter, Westbrook)

Vincent Barber (carpenter)

Henry Scoats (farmer: Hengrove)


Edward Chambers, Overseer (shoemaker)

Riichard Stoacks, Overseer (mariner)

George Bax, Overseer

Solomon Holbourne appears in the next book (1717-29) as tailor and draper and his trade is given in F. J. Doughty’s deeds of Upper High-street

Isaac Rowe, labourer, Reg. for Briefs.


Page 100



Paid to Solomon Holbourne with his Apprentice [tailor and draper] — £3 10s

To Mr [Edw] Bing for bringing Stanleys Goods from Ashford — £1

To Counsellor Turners fee, and retaining Fee for Advice — £1

To Roger Whitehead [cooper] for a Buckett for Frogg house — 2s


To Eliz. Knott [inn] for Beer and laying forth Browns child — 3s

To George Philpott [carpenter] for a Coffin — 5s

To the Deputy for an Order of Sessions — 1s


For an Act of Parliament relating to Waygoeing people — 6d

To Richard Dixon with his Apprentice — £7

To Counsellor Turner and Mr Crayford at Dover Sessions about Tucker — £1 11s 6d

For a Warrant and Coppy for Isaac Row [labourer] — 1s 6d

For Charges of Getting Respite at Sandwich Sessions — 11s



To James Franklyn serving a subpoena on Mr Mockett — 1s

To John Cock, coller-maker, for Rope — 9d


To Mr Lewis, Capt. Omer, and Mr Bing one years Rent for the Poors houses —  £6


To Paul Hart in need ! — 2s



It seems worth while to bring together as an Appendix the names of the people mentioned in the Accounts of the Poor houses who have a definite occupation. All other names are ignored here, though they may be alluded to in an occasional note.


Doctors, lawyers, innholders, and traders are given in chronological order. The alphabetical order is found in the special index to ‘Occupations’. The double classification will be useful. [Note: traders have not been copied here, as they can now be searched for using the usual web-page search facility.]

Doctors are not numerous, and they present little difficulty. Lawyers are few, and with the exception of Mr Payne, appear to belong to Dover or perhaps Canterbury.

Innholders are very puzzling, for though the name is given, the title of the inn is forthcoming in only two instances in this volume, and both are allusions to the Five Bells; other allusions make it clear that the Duke Head, the Rose, the Queen Arms, and the White Hart are all referred to.

Traders are abundant. The yeomen in the outlying parishes, or rather hamlets, were a power in the land, as is shown in the lists of signatures at parish meetings.

The three first doctors are not in the rate books, but are found in the Parish register, and are the only ones that one can trace between 1559 and 1700.

Appendix I. Physicians and Surgeons

Appendix II. Lawyers

Appendix III. Innkeepers